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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive
USRCS John A. Dix
USRCS Wilderness (1865 - 1874)
USS Wilderness (1864 - 1865)
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Civil War Medal
Built in 1864 as the wooden-hulled sidewheel steamer B. N. Creary, sometimes spelled B. N. Crary, at Brooklyn, N.Y.
Acquired by the Union Navy at New York City, 30 May 1864, and simultaneously renamed Wilderness
Fitted out at the New York Navy Yard and commissioned USS Wilderness, 20 July 1864
Wilderness was assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron at Hampton Roads primarily as a supply ship for naval vessels operating on the James River
Wilderness was reassigned to the duty off the North Carolina coast in late October
On 31 October while patrolling off New Inlet, N.C., Wilderness took the British blockade-runner Annie
On 23 DecemberWilderness towed the stripped and explosive ladden Louisiana into position close to the walls Fort Fisher in an attempt to blow the fort up
Wilderness lay in reserve off shore during the first attempt to take Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864
The side-wheel steamer supported the landings against the Confederate stronghold on 13 January 1865, landing troops within 500 yards of the fort
Wilderness took part in the occupation of former Confederate works at Smithville, N.C., on 19 January
She remained in the vicinity of the mouth of the Cape Fear River into February and then returned to her former operating area, the James River, but was subsequently ordered
back to New Bern, N.C. to resume her general utility duties through the end of the Civil War
Decommissioned, 10 June 1865
Acquired by the Treasury Department at the Boston Navy Yard, 6 September 1865
Fitted out at Baltimore, MD., as a revenue cutter in Florida waters on 28 November
Wilderness operated out of key West for a year
Wilderness Subsequently operated in the Gulf of Mexico out of New Orleans through the summer of 1872
Put into New York for repairs, 2 September 1872, apparently returning to New Orleans in July 1874 under the name John A. Dix
John A. Dix operated in the Florida Keys and Gulf of Mexico in the 1880s
Placed out of commission in April 1891
Sold, 18 May 1891, at Algiers, LA.
Final Disposition, fate unknown.
Displacement 390 t.
Depth of Hold unknown
Speed 13 kts
Armament four 24-pdr guns
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|"Capture of Blockade Runner Annie October 31, 1864.-Sketch by Charles F. Ellmore."
From left to right:
USS Alabama launch;
blockade runner Annie;
Flickr - State Archives of North Carolina
USS Wilderness / USRCS Wilderness / USRCS John A. Dix
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 25 May 2023
This page is created by Gary P. Priolo and maintained by Michael Junge