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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-2 USS MASSACHUSETTS
1891 - 1900


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1901 - 1909
1910 - 1921


Indiana Class Battleship: Displacement 10,288 Tons, Dimensions, 351' 2" (oa) x 69' 3" x 27' 2" (Max), Armament 4 x 13"/35 8 x 8"/35, 4 x 6"/30, 4 x 18"tt,Armor, 18" Belt, 15" Turrets, 3" Decks, 10" Conning Tower. Machinery, 9,000 IHP; 2 vertical, inverted, triple expansion engines, 2 screws; Speed, 15 Knots, Crew 473.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Cramp, Philadelphia on June 25 1891, Launched June 10 1893, Commissioned June 10 1896, Decommissioned January 8 1906, Recommissioned May 2 1910, Decommissioned May 23 1914, Recommissioned June 9 1917, Reclassified Coastal Battleship # 2, March 29 1919, Decommissioned March 31 1919, & stricken November 22 1920.
Fate: Sunk as target (By US Army) off Pensacola, Florida, January 1921. Hulk still can be seen at low tide.

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THE GREAT EXPOSITION 865k THE GREAT EXPOSITION.
Instead of arranging the exhibit of the navy department in a hall, it will be put in a structure resembling in every detail a coast line battle ship, like the Indiana (BB-1), the Massachusetts (BB-2) or the Oregon (BB-3), now building.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo from The Ohio Democrat. (Logan, O. [Ohio]) 1886-1906, 09 May 1891, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts989kMASSACHUSETTS (BB-2) LAUNCHED
Uncle Sam's Second Big Battle-Ship Takes the Water. Christened by Miss Herbert, Daughter of the Secretary.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo from The Evening World. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, 10 June 1893, LAST EDITION, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-1 Indiana 195k The sinking of the British battleship Victoria, a model of which was exhibited in the Transportation Building, gave a melancholy but not less eager interest to the United States marine exhibit at the northern pier, where a ship of war modeled on the latest patterns adopted by the Navy Department, was exposed to the closest public scrutiny and study.
The engraving shows the structure of brick, built on the bottom of the lake, and simulating a man-of-war, which was conceived by Commodore R. W. Meade, and furnished with all the implements of human slaughter.
Thus built, it was a full-sized model, above water-line, of the ten thousand three hundred ton coast-line battleships Indian (BB-1), Massachusetts (BB-2), and Oregon (BB-3) of our navy, and if no mistake be made, the creation of such a ship in Lake Michigan in reality would violate a treaty with Great Britain.
The principal guns seen on this vessel were of wood, but there were enough machines on board which were genuine to destroy almost anything of ordinary resisting power that might be within a distance of three miles. A nearer view of the upper deck and search light is shown on another page.
Among the real guns on board were four six-inch rifled breech-loaders; twenty six-pounders; six one-pounders, two Gatling's and six torpedo guns.
The interior was a museum of war, in which a student might be kept busy for months. The length was over three hundred and forty-eight feet; greatest width, sixty-nine feet; conning tower, seventy-six feet high. Designer, Frank W. Grogan. Cost, $100,000.
Courtesy of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, Chicago. Contributed by Pavel Khozhainov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 363k Massachusetts (BB-2) in 1893. Photo courtesy of Arnold A. Putnam.
BB-1 Indiana 750k What appears to be either the Indiana (BB-1) or Massachusetts (BB-2) at Cramps Shipyard, circa 1893. Photo courtesy of A History and Guide to Collections of the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Building Company (1830-1927) and the Cramp Shipbuilding Company (1941-46) of Philadelphia, By Gail E. Farr arid Brett F. Bostwick with the assistance of Merville Willis, Philadelphia Maritime Museum.
Photo added 06/08/14.
BB-2 Massachusetts719kBATTLESHIP MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2)
Which Today is Having Her Preliminary Trial Trip.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Morning Times. (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1897, 18 March 1896, Image 4 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts1.45k Massachusetts (BB-2) flies the flag of Cramp during her trials. Photo from The American Navy with Introduction and Descriptive Text - Reproductions of Photographs - Belford, Middlebrook & Co. - Chicago, 1898, submitted by Thomas Becher.
BB-2 Massachusetts413kMASSACHUSETTS' GIFT.
Bronze victory on the forward turret of Massachusetts (BB-2).
Presentation of "Victory," Will Take Place When the Battleship Visits Boston.
When the battleship Massachusetts visits Boston in August the presentation of the work of art, "Victory," the gift of the State of Massachusetts, will take place. The work has been produced by Artist Bela L. Pratt, in accordance with a bill passed by the Massachusetts Legislature. The full-size figure of "Victory," as it now stands is all ready for the transfer of the outlines to the sand mold, and finally to the enduring bronze. The picture here presented gives the work of art in its perfection.
The model of the artist is a Boston lady. The figure is about five feet eight inches in height, and when placed against the turret of the battleship, the top will stand about 10 feet high. The artist was under the restrictions of constructing a figure to fit a flat surface. This is why the wings are somewhat more forward than would seem aproposing of the drapery, especially in the lower portion, to avoid flatness or stiffness.
The design is a bold and striking one, the countenance and general port suggesting the dignity and resolution which should be in keeping with an idealization of "Victory,". The helmet, breast-plate and hip-plate, as well as the sword, which she carries horizontally, indicate the stern purposes of the war, while the wings idealize speed. The sword, which is much like a Cuban machete, bears on its side the word "Victory,". It originally bore the following words, which the artist's second thought transferred to the base: "By duty done is honor won." There is also the name of the donor the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Its position, on the turret between portholes, from which two powerful guns will project, is suggestive, and, in a sense, may be regarded as bearing analogy to the old-fashioned figure head. In this respect it will be unique among the objects of adornment and utility on our battleships.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 23 July 1896, Image 8 & New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 17 April 1898, Image 27 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Insert photo from Colliers History of the Spanish American War, pub. 1898.,courtesy of Dan Wilmes.
BB-2 Massachusetts 808k "Massachusetts (BB-2) crew at mess.", Circa 1896.Photo is a 8x10 inch glass negative by Edward Hart, Detroit Publishing Company # 4a14419a, courtesy of Library of Congress via shorpy.com.
BB-2 Massachusetts437kUnderway for shakedown 4 August 1896, Massachusetts (BB-2) conducted trials and maneuvers off the middle Atlantic coast until 30 November, when she entered New York Navy Yard for overhaul. Text courtesy of DANFS.
Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
BB-2 Massachusetts753k Massachusetts (BB-2) fire room - Tending the battleship's coal-fired boilers, 1897. Photo is a 8x10 inch glass negative by Edward Hart, Detroit Publishing Company # 4a14410a, courtesy of Library of Congress via shorpy.com
BB-2 Massachusetts 870k"Boxing aboard the Massachusetts (BB-2)."Circa 1897.Photo is a 8x10 inch glass negative by Edward Hart, Detroit Publishing Company # 4a14431a, courtesy of Library of Congress via shorpy.com
BB-2 Massachusetts 659k Massachusetts (BB-2) ready to turn in. Photo by Edward H. Hart, Detroit Publishing Company Photo 4a14428v, from lcweb2.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 37k Beer Line aboard the Massachusetts (BB-2), 1890's. Photo by Edward H. Hart, Detroit Publishing Company Photo.
BB-2 Massachusetts 35k Marines at mess aboard the Massachusetts (BB-2). Photo by Edward H. Hart, Detroit Publishing Company Photo.
BB-2 Massachusetts 2.10k INTERIOR OF TURRET
These are the thirteen inch guns in a turret of the first class battleship Massachusetts (BB-2). The neatness and cleanliness that are compulsory aboard a battleship are in no part of the vessel better exemplified than in the turrets where the monster instruments of destruction are situated. Not only does the machinery work with clock like accuracy, but it is kept as clean as a watch.
USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
BB-2 Massachusetts 390k Massachusetts (BB-2) in harbor. Photo courtesy of Arnold A. Putnam.
BB-2 Massachusetts 188k Oil on canvas by the artist Antonio Jacobsen (1850 - 1921) depicting the Massachusetts (BB-2) underway. Photo courtesy of rehsgalleries.com via Robert Hurst.
Maine1.80kFLEET MANEUVERS-1897
IN BATTLE ARRAY
The September Evolutions of the North Atlantic Squadron.
Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Iowa (BB-4), Massachusetts (BB-2) & Maine.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 28 August 1897, Image 18, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 60k Halftone photograph of the Massachusetts (BB-2) taken prior to 1898. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 46422. Copied from the contemporary publication Uncle Sam's Navy.
Texas1.33kWHAT WOULD HAPPEN SHOULD WE FIGHT WITH SPAIN
Here Are the Secret Plans of the United States Government in case of War With the Spaniards, the First Time Told.
Just Where Our Ships of War and Troops Would Be Located if We Took a Hand in the Cuban Trouble.
Pictured among the vessels are the New York (CA-2), Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Massachusetts (BB-2), Columbia (C-12), Iowa (BB-4) & Maine.
Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT.
Photo from The Anaconda Standard. (Anaconda, Mont.) 1889-1970, 16 January 1898, Morning, Image 15, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-4 Iowa 115k Painting entitled "Before the War" by Carlton T. Chapman, depicting the U.S. North Atlantic Squadron anchored in Hampton Roads, Virginia, circa late March or early April 1898. Iowa (BB-4) is seen very distantly, and partially, on the right side of the image. Ships present are (left to right: New York (CA-2), Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Massachusetts (BB-2), Columbia (C-12) and Iowa. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 78627-KN, courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC. Donation of Capt. R.G. Colbert, USN.
BB-2 Massachusetts3.42kCOMMODORE SCHLEY'S FLYING SQUADRON
Composed of the Battle-ship Massachusetts (BB-2) and the Cruisers Brooklyn (C-3), Columbia (C-16) and Minneapolis (C-17), in Hampton Roads, Awaiting Orders for a Destination as Yet Unknown, but presumed to be Porto Rico. Old Point Comfort, With the Hotels and Fortress Monroe, Is Seen on the Right.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside;
Photo from The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 02 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 56k Photograph taken in 1898. The original photograph was copyright J.F. Jarvis, and printed on a stereographic card. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 82638.
BB-2 Massachusetts 63k At anchor, 1898. The original photograph was copyright 1898 by J.F. Jarvis, and published on a stereographic card. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # 82653.
BB-2 Massachusetts1.70kStarboard quarter view at speed. Photo from The American Navy with Introduction and Descriptive Text - Reproductions of Photographs - Belford, Middlebrook & Co. - Chicago, 1898, submitted by Thomas Becher.
BB-2 Massachusetts 42k Members of the Massachusetts (BB-2) Marine guard detachment, man one of the Battleship's 6-inch guns in this photo from the late 1890s. USNI/USN photo.
BB-1 Indiana 1.09k READY TO FREE CUBA WHEN NECESSARY.
New York (CA-2), Columbia (C-12), Indiana (BB-1), Ericsson (TB-02), Texas, Montgomery (C-09), Iowa (BB-4), Cushing (TB-01), & Massachusetts (BB-2).
Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from Richmond Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1884-1903, 27 March 1898, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts774kTHE FLYING SQUADRON.Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from The Times.(Richmond, Va.) 1890-1903, 27 March 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 1.10k UNITED STATES WARSHIPS COMPOSING THE SQUADRON AT HAMPTON ROADS
BROOKLYN (ACR-3), TEXAS, COLUMBIA (C-12), MINNEAPOLIS (C-13) & MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2).
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from Daily Public Ledger. (Maysville, Ky.) 1892-191?, 22 March 1898, Image 3, & The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 21 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Photo from Colliers History of the Spanish American War, pub. 1898.,courtesy of Dan Wilmes.
BB-2 Massachusetts 217k Massachusetts (BB-2) by Mueller, 1898. Photo from Colliers History of the Spanish American War, pub. 1898.,courtesy of Dan Wilmes.
BB-2310kMassachusetts (BB-2), interior of turret, [between 1896 and 1901].Photo by Edward H. Hart, Detroit Publishing Company Photo # 4a14406v from lcweb2.loc.gov.
BB-2373kStarboard, amidship view of the Massachusetts (BB-2) circa 1898.Photo by Charles E. Bolles, # LC-USZ62-71217 from lcweb2.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 73k Massachusetts (BB-2) as she appeared in 1898, before or after the Spanish American War, her hull is painted peacetime white. USNI/USN photo.
BB-2 Massachusetts329kCOAST LINE BATTLESHIP MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2), STERN VIEW Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 01 May 1898, Image 36, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-3 Oregon 3.97k BOMBARDMENT OF SANTIAGO FROM PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN DURING THE ENGAGEMENT
MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2), MARBLEHEAD (C-11). IOWA (BB-4), ENTRANCE TO HARBOR OF SANTIAGO DE CUBA
OREGON (BB-3) COOLING HER GUNS. NEW YORK (ACR-02), DOLPHIN
TEXAS, BROOKLYN (ACR-03), YANKEE & NEW ORLEANS.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The Herald.(Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, 24 June 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 546k Massachusetts (BB-2) and other ships of the victorious U.S. Fleet sail into New York Harbor, during the Spanish-American War Victory Fleet Review, 20 August 1898. Photoprint copyrighted by Charles E. Bolles. LOC photo # LC-USZ62-71303. Photo courtesy of Tom Kermen.
SANTIAGO SQUADRON 3.44k GLORIOUS HOME-COMING OF THE SANTIAGO SQUADRON
THE GREAT NAVAL PARADE ON THE HUDSON. JUST BEFORE IT REACHED CASTLE WILLIAM, FROM WHICH THE FIRST SALUTE WAS FIRED
GUNS OF SAMPSON'S SHIPS THUNDER IN PEACEFUL WATERS
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 21 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 58k Photographed by E.H. Hart off New York City, during the victory review, circa August 1898. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 46423.
BB-3 Oregon 5.15k ADMIRAL SAMPSON'S VICTORIOUS FLEET FIRING A SALUTE AT GRANT'S TOMB.
New York gave a royal welcome to the victorious squadron of Rear Admiral William T. Sampson. When the armored cruiser New York (ACR-02), the flagship of Rear Admiral Sampson; the armored cruiser Brooklyn (ACR-3), the flagship of Rear Admiral Schley; the formidable battleships Massachusetts (BB-2), Oregon (BB-3), Iowa (BB-4), Indiana (BB-1) and Texas began their parade through New York bay and up the North river, they were surrounded by a monster fleet of excursion boats and tugs profusely decorated with Old Glory. The battle scarred ships were also decked with bunting, and as they steamed slowly along they were greeted by the booming of cannons from the pleasure yachts and the shrill shrieks of the whistles of the excursion fleet.
Proceeding up the North river, the New York floating Rear Admiral Sampson's flag, was in the lead. Then came the mammoth cruiser Brooklyn, with Rear Admiral Schley's new flag floating proudly at her fore truck, and, following the Brooklyn in the order named, were the Massachusetts, the Oregon, the Iowa, the Indiana and the Texas.
When the fleet of cruisers and battleships reached Grant's tomb, the guns that spoke at Santiago were again heard in a grand national salute of 21 guns.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The Record-Union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, 26 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts3.62kSERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE BIG BATTLESHIP MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2)
Man of War Strikes an Obstruction Near Governors Island and Three of Her Compartments Are Torn Open.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The San Francisco Call.(San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 11 December 1898, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Return of the Conquerors, September 29, 1899 60k Oil on canvas painting entitled "Return of the Conquerors, September 29, 1899", by the artist Edward Moran (1829-1901), which appears in the collections of the U.S. Naval Academy Museum, Annapolis, Maryland, features the Texas, Indiana (BB-1), Massachusetts (BB-2), Oregon (BB-3), Iowa (BB-4) and other ships of the victorious U.S. fleet. Partial text and drawing courtesy of USNI.
Indiana2.60kADMIRAL DEWEY HEADS A MOST MAGNIFICENT MARINE PAGEANT
More Than Three Million Spectators Witness the Passing of the Nation's Hero on the Bridge of the Olympia (C-6), Followed by a Great Fleet of Warships and a Thousand Vessels of Peace
Ships in Water Pageant Passing in Review Before Dewey on the Olympia, Off Grant's Tomb
On the port beam of the Olympia was the escorting ship Sandy Hook, with the Mayor and other dignitaries aboard, and in her wake at intervals of 400 yards, stretched out a mile long, were the great towering warships, the armored cruiser New York (ACR-2), the battleships Indiana (BB-1) and Massachusetts (BB-2), the cruiser Brooklyn, second-class battleship Texas, the old wooden frigate Lancaster, the gunboat Marietta (Gunboat-15) and the Chicago (CA-14), the flagship of the South Atlantic squadron.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 30 September 1899, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-1 Indiana 1.80k The Indiana (BB-1) and her indomitable commander, Fighting Bob Evans impressed Rudyard Kipling. The Massachusetts (BB-2) is probably behind her in this circa post war photo. USN photo via USNIP submitted by Pieter Bakels.
BB-2 Massachusetts 86k The steam hoisting gear of Massachusetts (BB-2) in 1900. USNI / USN photo.
BB-2 Massachusetts 2.57k Officers and crew of Massachusetts (BB-2), circa 1900. USN photo.
BB-2 Massachusetts482k Massachusetts (BB-2) Crews Mess, 1900. USN photo.

Additional Massachusetts Images
17 General Views Of Massachusetts From The Library Of Congress Server.
11 Dock Views Of Massachusetts From The Library Of Congress Server.
14 Crew Images From The Library Of Congress Server.
20 Interior Images From The Library Of Congress Server.
11 Raised (With Hightened Stacks) Images From The Library Of Congress Server.

USS MASSACHUSETTS BB-2 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable To This Ship
Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Links To Various Related Massachusetts Web Resources.
U.S.S. Massachusetts BB-2 By The State of Florida.
Pre-Dreadnought Preservation By Mark Howells.

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