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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-38 USS PENNSYLVANIA

Radio Call Sign: November - Alpha - Delta - Xray


Pennsylvania Class Battleship: Displacement 31,400 Tons, Dimensions, 608' 6" (oa) x 97' 1" x 29' 10" (Max).Armament 12 x 14"/45 14 x 5"/51, 4 x 3"/50 2 x 21" tt. Armor, 13 1/2" Belt, 18" Turrets, 3" +2" Decks, 16" Conning Tower. Machinery, 31,500 SHP; Geared Turbines, 4 screws. Speed, 21 Knots, Crew 915.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Newport News, Shipbuilding, Newport News, VA., October 27, 1913. Launched 16 March 1915. Commissioned June 12, 1916. Decommissioned August 29, 1946. Stricken February 19, 1948.
Fate: Target During Atomic Bomb Tests, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. Scuttled off Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, February 10, 1948.
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SizeImage DescriptionContributed
By And/Or Copyright
Keel Laying / Commissioning
1913 - 1916

BB-38 Pennsylvania1.68kTREMENDOUS POWER OF NEWEST SUPERDREADNOUGHT
Battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) to Show an Advance Over All Previous Vessels of Her Class and to Cost $15,000,000
...Fifteen Minutes May Decide Next Naval Battle
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 22 September 1912, FOURTH SECTION MAGAZINE, Image 49, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania241k"Proposed B.S. 38 & 39 ... Sketch G".
Preliminary design plan prepared for the General Board during consideration of designs for Battleships #s 38 & 39, which became the Pennsylvania class (BB-38 / 39). This plan, dated 14 February 1912, provides twelve 14-inch guns, turbine machinery and a speed of 21 knots in a ship 630 feet long on the load water line (L.W.L.), 93 feet in beam, with a normal displacement of 31,300 tons. The original plan is in the 1911-1925 "Spring Styles Book".
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # S-584-010.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.68kPENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) TO BE THE BIGGEST BATTLESHIP EVER BUILT BY ANY NATION: TO HAVE A TONNAGE OF 31,000 AND ITS TOTAL COST WILL APPROXIMATE $14,000,000.Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 09 March 1913, FOURTH SECTION PICTORIAL MAGAZINE, Image 36, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania739kTHEFT OF SECRET OF WORLD'S GREATEST DREADNOUGHT AROUSES UNCLE SAM'S IRE
Plans of the Battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) Missing; Believed Have Been Stolen From the Office
Image and text provided by University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR. & Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo by The Evening Herald. (Klamath Falls, Or.) 1906-1942, 14 May 1913, Image 1, & The Democratic Banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, 20 May 1913, Image 7, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.30kSponsor for Largest BattleshipImage and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo by Richmond Times-Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, 11 March 1915, Image 10, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania882kPENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) AS SHE WILL LOOK WHEN COMPLETEDImage and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo by The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 16 March 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 6, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania249kStern of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) sometime before launching at Newport News Shipyard.Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania131kPlatform ready for the occasion of Pennsylvania's (BB-38) launching, 16 March 1915. Digital ID: # ggbain 18620v, LC-B2-3406-3. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection.
BB-38 Pennsylvania633kPENNSYLVANIA (BB-38), AMERICA'S BIGGEST BATTLESHIP, TAKES FIRST PLUNGE INTO WATER
Above is the forward part of the Pennsylvania's hull as it appeared before leaving the ways.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 16 March 1915, Night Extra, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania4.21kMiss Elizabeth Kolb, called by Gov. Brumbaugh, "The sweetest girl in Pennsylvania", naming the Pennsylvania (BB-38).
Note the American flag painted on the bow.
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library
Photo by International News Service, The New York Times.(New York), page 8, 28 March 1915, & The Ogden Standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, 22 March 1915, 4 P.M. City Edition, Image 3, courtesy of memory.loc.gov. & chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania149kMiss Elizabeth Kolb of Germantown, Pennsylvania and her sponsoring party watch the Pennsylvania (BB-38) slide down the ways on 16 March 1915. All photos courtesy of Ron Reeves.
BB-38 Pennsylvania485kMiss Elizabeth Kolb of Germantown, Pennsylvania christens the Pennsylvania (BB-38), 16 March 1915. All photos courtesy of Ron Reeves.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.90kLaunching of American Battleships of Latest Types
The U.S. DREADNOUGHT PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38), OF LARGEST AND MOST POWERFUL CLASS STARTING DOWN THE WAYS TO THE WATERS OF NEWPORT NEWS, VIRGINIA 6 APRIL 1915.
THE AMERICAN DREADNOUGHT ARIZONA (BB-39) OF 32,000 TONS TAKING THE WATER. SHE WAS THE FIRST FIGHTING SHIP BUILT FOR ANY NATION EQUIPPED WITH THE ELECTRIC DRIVE.
Photos by Bain News Service & International News Service.
Text courtesy of N.Y. Times, Page 361 from The War of the Nations (New York), 31 December 1919, courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania672kPennsylvania (BB-38) launching at Newport News Shipyard on 16 March 1915.Photo # LC-H261-4980, courtesy of the Library of Congress via Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania962kThe new United States superdreadnought Pennsylvania (BB-38) when ready for action, will have a displacement of 31,400 tons, over 4,000 more than the New York (BB-34). Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo & text by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 21 March 1915, FOURTH SECTION PICTORIAL SECTION, Image 49, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania2.76k14-Inch Cannon On New Pennsylvania (BB-38)Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC & Washington State Library; Olympia, WA.
Photo from The Anderson Daily Intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1917, 20 March 1915, Image 5, & The Tacoma Times. (Tacoma, Wash.) 1903-1949, 27 March 1915, Image 8, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-39 Arizona699kUNCLE SAM HAS REAL QUEENS' OF THE SEA
U. S. Dreadnoughts, Arizona (BB-39) and Pennsylvania (BB-38) Will Spurn Submarines
They Have Armor Protection and Armament So Great That Undersea Craft Will Be Rendered Ineffective Against Them
Last Word In Naval Construction After Lessons Of the Present European War
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from The Ogden Standard.(Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, 17 July 1915, 4 P.M. CITY EDITION, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania51k Starboard bow view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) under construction. Superstructure has not yet been started. Photo taken by Kenneth S. Hampton and Helen F. Hampton, at Newport News, Shipbuilding, Newport News, VA. Contributed by their grandson, Kenneth H. Guinn.
BB-36 Nevada534kWhat makes a battleship go? Peek here and find out:
Dynamo Condenser Circulating Pump and Turbine for the Nevada (BB-36) & Pennsylvania (BB-38).
Photo courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-38 New York 488k NEW DREADNOUGHT PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) APPROACHING COMPLETION AT NORFOLK.
The great monster, which when in action, will be able to throw more steel at a time than any other ship afloat, was recently taken at the Norfolk Navy Yard to be docked. She is 95% completed and will soon be placed in commission. One of her distinctive features is her single smokestack.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 07 January 1916, Night Extra, Image 20, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania610kPENNSYLVANIA (BB-38), NEW "MISTRESS OF THE SEAS"
The latest addition to the United States Navy and the most powerful battleship afloat, is now on its trial trip undergoing the severest kind of tests. This photograph shows the Pennsylvania on its way to Rockland, Maine.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 19 February 1916, Night Extra, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania417kThe Dreadnought Wyoming (BB-32) leading the battleship fleet to sea.
Officers & crew of the super dreadnought Pennsylvania (BB-38), largest battleship ever buit for the US Navy.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 19 February 1916, Image 16, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-34 New York 1.97k LESSONS FOR UNCLE SAM IN LONG RANGE NAVAL BATTLES
The Queen Elizabeth, heaviest type of British battleship. At the Dardanelles she bombarded the forts with her 15 inch guns at the extreme range of 21,000 yards.
The Pennsylvania (BB-38), heaviest of the United States battle fleet. She carries twelve 14 inch guns and it is a disputed point or not she is outranged for effective fighting by the Queen Elizabeth type, the difference ordnance being offset by the weight of metal thrown in one of her broadsides.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 09 April 1916, SIXTH SECTION SPECIAL FEATURE SUPPLEMENT, Image 59, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania771kCOULD DEMOLISH VERA CRUZ PROM SIXTEEN MILES AT SEA; PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) CARRIES BATTERY OF FOURTEEN-INCH GUNS
Uncle Sam's newest battleship, the Pennsylvania, has several features new to naval construction. The most striking is her four turrets, each with three guns. She can fire at one broadside nine tons of steel a distance of sixteen miles. The boat is an oil burner and has a speed of 21 knots. Her complement consists of nearly a thousand officers and men.
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from The Ogden Standard.(Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, 25 July 1916, 4 P.M. CITY EDITION, Image 9, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania602kHURLING DESTRUCTION 11 MILES
What the Superdreadnought Pennsylvania's (BB-38) Hitting Power, Displayed in World's Record Feat of Naval Gunnery, Means to the Nation
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York, [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 24 September 1916, SECTION 5 SPECIAL FEATURE SUPPLEMENT, Image 49, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania423kStern view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38). Harris & Ewing photo courtesy of old-picture.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania433kGuns of the Pennsylvania (BB-38). USN photo courtesy of e.bay.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania447kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) at the Brooklyn Navy Yard with the 50FT steamer NO 1, with Talbot Boiler, general view, 28 September 1916.Photo No. f1051n3, Brooklyn Navy Yard Archive - courtesy National Archive and Records Administration, Northeast Region - NYC, Record Group 181 via flickr.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania363kU. S. Fleet Back From Battle Practice With New Records
The Men Behind the Guns Who Sustained the Navy's Traditions
An anti-aircraft gun crew aboard the Pennsylvania (BB-38), which led the fleet in gunnery.
Photo by Enrique Muller Jr.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 15 October 1916, SECTION 4 PICTORIAL MAGAZINE, Image 33, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania597kBATTLESHIP THAT MADE RECORD IN TARGET PRACTICE
Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ.
Photo from Tombstone Epitaph. (Tombstone, Ariz.) 1887-current, 22 October 1916, WEEKLY EDITION, Image 7, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-34 New York 735k BATTLESHIP FLEET ARRIVING FOR FOOTBALL GAME
PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) LEADS SEVEN BATTLESHIPS IN

Superdreadnought Goes to Navy Yard, but Others Anchor Off the Drive.
Advance guard of the Atlantic fleet as it steamed up New York Day to-day. The ships are in the following order: New York (BB-34), Texas (BB-35), Oklahoma (BB-37), Connecticut (BB-18), Florida (BB-30), Utah (BB-31) and Wyoming (BB-32). The photograph was taken as the battleships passed the Battery, and shows the Statue of Liberty in the background.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Evening World.(New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, 24 November 1916, Final Edition, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania190kSailors & motor launches are lowered from the Pennsylvania (BB-38) into NY Harbor. Photo by Edwin Levick from the Edwin Levick Collection, Mariner's Museum via Jim Geldert.
BB-38 Pennsylvania127k Pennsylvania (BB-38) model on exhibit in a museum, probably prior to World War I. It depicts the battleship in her original configuration, as completed in 1916. Other artifacts present include a somewhat damaged model of the airship Shenandoah (ZR-1), overhead, and examples of marine boilers and engines, in the background.USNHC # NH 3019.
BB-38 Pennsylvania50kPennsylvania (BB-38) in a diorama display case in Chicago, Illinois, 1916 - 1917. Photo # DN-0069064, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society & courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania127kCaptain Henry Braid Wilson was Pennsylvania's (BB-38) first commanding officer in 1916. He commanded the Atlantic Fleet's patrol forces during the First World War, and was responsible for the safe convoying of troops and supplies to Europe. For his outstanding service Wilson was awarded both the Navy and War Department Distinguished Service Medals.
Rear Admiral Henry Braid Wilson was Commander-in-Chief U.S. Atlantic Fleet and later the Battle Fleet commander following WW I.
Photo from the New York Public Library, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania56kUpon commissioning, Pennsylvania (BB-38) was attached to the Atlantic Fleet. On 12 October 1916. She became flagship of Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, when Admiral Henry T. Mayo shifted his flag from Wyoming (BB-32) to Pennsylvania.
In 1916 Mayo was handed full command of the Atlantic Fleet and promoted Vice-Admiral, a post he held throughout his country's involvement in World War One. He traveled to London in August 1917 to discuss Allied naval co-operation, and was an advocate of a convoy anti-submarine policy as well as the construction of the Northern Barrage anti U-boat minefield. For his achievements, Admiral Mayo was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for the outstanding operation of the US Atlantic Fleet in a condition of war.
Admiral Henry T. Mayo was commander of the Atlantic Fleet in World War I and for a time in 1919 commanded the entire U.S. fleet.
Photo from the New York Public Library, courtesy of Bill Gonyo. Info from the USS Mayo Association & spiritus-temporis.com, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania703k1916 plus photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) in New York's East River. Photo by E. Mueller Jr., contributed by Roy C. Thomas.
BB-38 Pennsylvania57kPennsylvania (BB-38) at anchor in the evening, circa 1916. Columbia (CL-12) is in the right distance. USNHC # NH 42730, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-39 Arizona131k"A Sack race".
Recreation on board a battleship, circa 1916-1917. This ship is either Pennsylvania (BB-38) or Arizona (BB-39).
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106273. Donation of Charles R. Haberlein Jr., 2008.
BB-38 Pennsylvania447kTHE DREADNOUGHT PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) BIG AS SHE IS, LOOKS ALMOST DWARFED WHEN PASSING IN THE SHADOW OF NEW YORK'S LOOMING SKYSCRAPERS.Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 9 December 1916, Night Extra, Image 18, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania74kIn Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 10 December 1916. Note that long-based range finders have been built into all four turrets and that the two superfiring turrets carry unarmored range-finders. Note the canvas screens protecting the torpedo defense stations on both masts.USNHC # NH 63562. Text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
BB-38 Pennsylvania227kAs completed, possibly at Hampton Roads on 10 December 1916. She was the first BB to have range finders built into her turrets.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-38 Pennsylvania453kPort bow image of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) at anchor on 13 December 1916. Library of Congress photo # LC-F82-1808 via Mike Green.
1917 - 1931
BB-38 Pennsylvania477k WORKING MODEL OF THE PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) THAT LACKS NOTHING A REAL BATTLESHIP SHOULD HAVE
A Boston man spent two years and a half constructing this remarkable reproduction, which goes through maneuvers daily At Lit Brothers store.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 10 February 1917, Night Extra, Image 16, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania678k"SMOKELESS" U. S. BATTLESHIP GOING AT TOP SPEED
One of the efficiency tests of a warship fleet is to control oil and coal firing so as to make the least posslble smoke. Excessive belching of smoke is now considered gross inefficiency on the part of the engineering force.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Evening World. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, 02 April 1917, Final Edition, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania771kMAN OF ACTION HEADS OUR FIGHTING FLEET
SUPER DEADNOUGHT PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) FLAGSHIP OF THE FLEET.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York, [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 15 April 1917, Section 5 Special Feature Supplement, Image 47, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania911kGERMAN RAIDERS WOULD HAVE TO MEET THESE
Big guns of the Pennsylvania (BB-38). Twelve of the fourteen inch rifles are carried by the Dreadnought and would be used against any warship which attacked our coast.
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from The Citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, 28 April 1917, EXTRA EDITION, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania 747k ANTI-AIR CRAFT GUN FOR UNITED STATES.
Photo shows an anti-air craft gun recently installed on the super Dreadnought Pennsylvania (BB-38), which is the first United States battleship to be equipped with those guns.
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, 28 April 1917, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Atlantic  Fleet509kCLEARING FOR ACTION.
Making ready the giant battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) for an encounter. Above can be seen the muzzles of the huge 14-inch guns of the fighter.
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 01 July 1917, Image 45, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania347kGarbage press aboard the Pennsylvania (BB-38), 16 January 1918.
She did not sail to join the British Grand Fleet since she burned fuel oil and tankers could not be spared to carry additional fuel to the British Isles. In the light of this circumstance, only coal burning battleships were selected for this mission. Based at Yorktown, she kept in battle trim with Fleet maneuvers, tactics, and training in the areas of the Chesapeake Bay, intervened by overhaul at Norfolk and New York, with brief maneuvers. in Long Island Sound.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
Photo No. N3487, Brooklyn Navy Yard Archive - courtesy National Archive and Records Administration, Northeast Region - NYC, Record Group 181 via flickr.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania379kUnited States Marines and Sailors posing on unidentified ship {likely either the Pennsylvania (BB-38) or Arizona (BB-39)}, in 1918. Photo courtesy of National World War I Museum, Kansas City, Missouri, via World War I in Photos: The War at Sea @ theatlantic.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania83kColor tinted post card by Enrique Muller of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), circa nineteen "teens". Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-38 Pennsylvania717kGERMAN SPIES' ATTEMPT TO CRIPPLE U. S. FLEET IN NEW YORK HARBOR UPSET BY "THE EAGLE'S EYE'
In a Little Shack at a Deserted Spot of Staten Island Mechanics Worked Day and Night to Complete a Wireless-Controlled Torpedo Destined to Sink the Pennsylvania (BB-38)
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 04 May 1918, Postscript, Image 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania96kChaplain distributing the ship's newspaper to sailors and Marines of her crew, circa 1918. Almost all the Sailors present are wearing knitted "watch" caps.USNHC # NH 3027, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania743kThe battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38), for a day the President's choice of a ferry to Europe.Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 24 November 1918, Image 43, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania4.23kU. S. battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) passing beneath the Brooklyn Bridge outward bound. The liner George Washington (ID-3018), which is carrying President Wilson and the other delegates to the peace conference in France...Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Photo from Grand Forks Herald. (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1916-1955, 06 December 1918, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania77k Pennsylvania (BB-38), leading President Wilson's convoy while 40 miles from Brest, France in 1918. Photo was taken from a dirigible at 300 feet. NH photo # NH 61223.
BB-38 Pennsylvania65kGeorge Washington (ID-3018), at right arrives at Brest, France, with President Woodrow Wilson on board, 13 December 1918. Photographed by Zimmer from on board another Navy ship. In the left background is Pennsylvania (BB-38), which had escorted George Washington across the Atlantic. USNHC # NH 53896, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Sixth Battle Squadron72k Battleships of the Sixth Battle Squadron (anchored in column in the left half of the photograph): included the
Florida (BB-30)
Utah (BB-31)
Wyoming (BB-32)
Arkansas (BB-33)
New York (BB-34)
Texas (BB-35)
Nevada (BB-36)
Oklahoma (BB-37)
Pennsylvania (BB-38)
& Arizona (BB-39) at one time or another.
There are only three of the battleships present in this photo at Brest, France, on 13 December 1918. George Washington (ID-3018), which had just carried President Woodrow Wilson from the United States to France, is in the right background. Photographed by Zimmer
USNHC # NH 63454.
BB-38 Pennsylvania448kLooking out 5-Inch gun port of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), Ca. 1918.
Note the caption says 7" inch gun".
Text courtesy of Pieter Bakes. USN photo by Navy Bureau of Construction & Repair. NARA FILE #: 165-WW-321C-3. Photo # HD-SN-99-02139 courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil, Defense Visual Information Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania92kWill Head Greatest Naval Review in History of America
THE GIANT AMERICAN BATTLESHIP PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38)

The greatest naval review in the history of America is now expected to take place Christmas Eve, next Tuesday, when the fleet of dreadnoughts, destroyers and other war craft which kept the seas clear of submarines will steam into the Hudson river.
Ten Dreadnoughts, headed by the giant battleship Pennsylvania the flagship of Admiral Mayo, will be the leader of the string.
They will be joined here by dreadnoughts and other battle craft now in Atlantic ports. A large number of smaller craft, some of them with the returning fleet, will participate in the review. Unprecedented crowds are expected here for America's first big "welcome home" to her sea fighters.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.])1902-1939, 18 December 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania911kVisitor's Day Aboard Dreadnought Pennsylvania (BB-38)
This giant battleship, anchored in the Hudson is one of the warcraft just returned from service with the Grand Fleet in the North Sea.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 29 December 1918, Image 12, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania79kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of a galley on board the Pennsylvania (BB-38), circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104171, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania57kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of the interior of the Pennsylvania's (BB-38) wheelhouse, showing a binnacle, steering wheel and an engine order telegraph. Taken circa 1916-1918, it was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104169, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania87kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of the ship's officers' ward room, circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104170, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania67kHalftone reproduction of a photograph taken on the ship's quarter deck, looking forward at her after 14-inch gun turrets and "basket" mainmast, circa late 1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. Note the canvas covers on the turret faces. USNHC # NH 104172, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania77kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of a surgical operating room on board the ship, circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104173, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania78kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of a sick bay on board the ship, circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104174, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania83kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of crew members in the ship's library, circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. USNHC # NH 104175, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania73kHalftone reproduction of a photograph looking toward the ship's bow from her pilothouse, circa late 1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania. Note the furled canvas covers above the Number Two 14-inch triple gun turret face and the life rafts hung from the turret sides. Also note that the original picture caption incorrectly identifies the location of the view as the ship's stern. USNHC # NH 104176, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania100kHalftone reproduction of a photograph of the ship's carpenter shop, circa 1916-1918. It was published in about 1919 by A.M. Simon, 324 E. 23rd St., New York City, as one of ten images in a "Souvenir Folder" concerning Pennsylvania.USNHC # NH 104177, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.
BB-38 Pennsylvania259kPostcard photo of the Drill of a 5-Inch gun crew, showing method of receiving orders. Photo courtesy of SK/3 Tommy Trampp.
BB-38 Pennsylvania227kCirca 1919 photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) at anchor. Note the training markings painted on her top fore and aft 14-inch gun turret side.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
New York Harbor1.78k"American dreadnoughts & superdreadnoughts steaming into New York harbor 14 April 1919."
The Texas (BB-35) leads the procession with a airplane on her turret catapult. Note the escorting biplane.
The "escorting" aircraft is either a Curtiss HS-1 or HS-2 (note the single engine) can't tell which from the photo. The aircraft on a fly-off platform atop the No. 2 turret of the Texas is 1 of 6 Sopwith Camels purchased from Britain at the end of the war.
The platforms were a British concept designed to provide the fleet with an aircraft capable of reaching the high flying Zeppelins which the German Navy occasionally used as scouts. The Texas was the only US Battleship to be fitted with turret fly-off platforms while in Europe and was the test bed for this program in the US Navy. Not visible in this view is a stripped down (No fabric and no wings) Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter lashed atop the No. 3 Turret. The platforms were eventually mounted on all 14" gun BB's through the New Mexico (BB-40 / 42) class (with mixed reviews from their commanders) and carried either a Hanriot HD-1 or a Neiuport 28. Though equipped inflatable floats for water landings, this tended to do a lot of damage not the least of which was dowsing a hot engine in cold salt water. By 1920 a successful compressed air catapult was developed and were being mounted on the aft deck of all 4 turreted battleships and fly-off platforms were removed. The Texas and New York (BB-34), because of their 5 Turrets, lacked the deck space for the catapult and had to make do with a float plane (Vought VE-7) sitting on the aft deck which would be launched by lowering it over the side for a surface take-off.
If you look carefully at the photo you see the VE-7 on the deck and the A-frame hoist used for handling it.
Photo by Paul Thompson.
Text courtesy of N.Y. Times, page 481, from The War of the Nations (New York), 31 December 1919, courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
BB-38 Pennsylvania699kADJUSTING A submarine telephone on a diver's head on the Pennsylvania (BB-38) so he may keep in comunication with shipboard. The Pennsylvania flagship of the Victory fleet, is now in the Hudson river. Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from the Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 17 April 1919, Night Extra 2:45 Financial, Image 24, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Atlantic  Fleet975kHow the Atlantic Fleet looked to the camera man in a seaplane flying over lower Manhattan a week ago yesterday morning as the mighty armada came up the bay to anchorage in the Hudson off Riverside Drive for a two weeks' vacation after months of strenuous maneuvers in Southern waters. The destroyers Dale (DD-290) and Flusser (DD-289) are shown leading the column of eight dreadnoughts: Oklahoma (BB-37), Nevada (BB-36), Arizona (BB-39), flagship Pennsylvania (BB-38), Utah (BB-31), Florida (BB-30), North Dakota (BB-29) and Delaware (BB-28) past the Statue of Liberty at a fifteen-knot clip. In addition to the big battleships, the fleet includes thirty-two destroyers, numerous supply ships and several submarines.
The Atlantic battleship fleet is home: again. Here are the twelve great first line fighting ships that are paying Father Knickerbocker a two weeks' visit. Over a hundred of Uncle Sam's grim sea warriors gray the North River, while their 30,000 sailor-men are given the freedom of the city in a royal welcome home.
The Battleship Mississippi (BB-41) leading the fleet into the harbor, as photographed from an airplane. Note the airplanes atop the forward and aft turrets.
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 20 April 1919, Image 48, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania923k New Commander of the Atlantic Fleet and His Flagship
ADMIRAL HENRY B. WILSON AND PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38).
Admiral Wilson Henry T. Mayo, who becomes head of the navy selection board. Under the new naval system two main fleets equal in strength will be maintained in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A third fleet will be maintained as the Asiatic fleet, under command of Rear Admiral Albert Gleaves. Rear Admiral Hugh Rodman will command the Pacific fleet.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from the The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 06 July 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 2, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania887k New Commander of Atlantic Fleet Wins Post Through Merit
SCENE ON FLAGSHIP PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) AS WILSON SUCCEEDED MAVO
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo from the The Sun. (New York, [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 06 July 1919, Section 3 Magazine Section, Image 29, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.55kAmerican Fleet in Atlantic Waters That Has Upheld Navy Traditions.
"U.S. Battleships in Line of Column led by one of the largest Superdreadnoughts".

The battleship in the lead appears to be either the Pennsylvania (BB-38) or the Arizona (BB-39).
Text courtesy of N.Y. Times, Page 361 from The War of the Nations (New York), 31 December 1919.
Photo by Central News Photo Service, courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania566kA group of care-free gobs perilously perched on the roof of a fighting top of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) as the mighty dreadnought and flagship of the Atlantic Fleet passes down the East River en route to Southern waters and winter target practice.Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
PDF courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 18 January 1920, Image 55, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.28kADMIRALS MEET ON BATTLESHIP PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38) Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA.
PDF courtesy of The Madison Journal. (Tallualah, Madison Parish, LA.]) 1888 - Current, 28 February 1920, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-42 Idaho558kAtlantic Fleet Proceeding to Guantanamo Bay for Winter Maneuvers.
Marines Manning One of the Powerful Three Inch Anti-Aircraft Guns Aboard the Pennsylvania (BB-38), Flagship of the Atlantic Fleet.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
PDF courtesy of The Mahoning Dispatch., (Canfield, Mahoning County, Ohio) 1877-1968, 02 April 1920, Image 4 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania655kSECRETARY DANIELS looks well in one of the many naval circles. This characteristic smile is shown through a porthole of the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) in a New York harbor.Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
PDF courtesy of Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 06 May 1920, Night Extra, Image 26, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.15kA deck scene yesterday on the Pennsylvania (BB-38) of the Atlantic fleet anchored in the Hudson River.Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
PDF courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 23 August 1920, Image 16 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania88kStern view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), circa 1920 photo. NARA photo # 19-N-9562, contributed by Roy Thomas.
BB-38-9 176kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) or Arizona (BB-39) is in the background in this 1920 photo.
The Bureau of Construction and Repair letter of 21 May 1920, requesting information on any special painting and/or markings being used in the field showed most units to be painting their aircraft as specified. However, the reports show variations had been adopted locally by nearly every installation. Aircraft of the Atlantic Fleet Air Detachment were identified by a system of black and white stripes or squares on the hull of each flying boat. These had been developed to aid in joining up for squadron formations, allowing each aircraft to be recognized almost as far as it could be seen. This, of course, was not possible with the small serial numbers. The actual design was considered of no importance so long as the various designs were distinctive.
One aircraft was left with the original painting to which the last two digits of the serial number were painted on the sides of the hull. These numbers were repeated on the bottom of the hull, with the tops forward, in numerals 4 feet (121 .92 cm) high. While this system was satisfactory for the 6 flying boats of the detachment, its use in a larger force was questioned.
So-called ‘Dazzle’ finishes were appearing on USN seaplanes in 1917. The Burgess-Dunne Company initiated the finish, which was characterized by dark and light irregular patterns. NAF F5Ls were later seen and photographed in a dark and light striped pattern. F5Ls were also photographed in a checkerboard pattern of dark and light shades. A February 1917 C&R Report, File 13-Z-11 mentions Vermillion (approximately FS11140) and Off-White (approx. FS37778) as being used in the ‘Dazzle’ scheme. This color mention was part of a Naval Air Station (NAS) Pensacola, Florida Board of Painting Seaplanes Letter, same date.
Photo & text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn & Alan Moore.
Aircraft i.d. courtesy of Alan Moore via Elliott, John M. The Official Monogram US Navy & Marine Corps Aircraft Color Guide, Vol 1: 1911-1939. Boylston, MA: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1987. p22. & Doll, Thomas E. US Navy Aircraft Camouflage & Markings 1940-1945. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, 2003. p3.
BB-38 Pennsylvania95k A gathering of vessels appear off to the Pennsylvania's (BB-38) starboard side, possibly during when the combined Atlantic and Pacific Fleets met in Panama Bay, 21 January 1921. USN photo courtesy of Robert Hurst.
BB-38 526k Canal Zone on 17 February 1921: The nearer ship is New Mexico (BB-40). The ship pier side behind the tanker is Pennsylvania (BB-38). Photo i.d. courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Photo from the collection of Lieutenant Thomas Marshall Colston during his naval service.
US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1986.094.001.128.
BB-38 623k Pennsylvania (BB-38) class battleship in heavy seas. Photo from the collection of Anthony Kretowicz via flickr.com
BB-42 Idaho32.57kDenby Eyes the Fleet on Pennsylvania (BB-38).Image and text provided by University of New Mexico.
PDF courtesy of The Evening Herald., (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1914-1922, 17 April 1921, HOME EDITION, SECTION TWO, Image 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-42 Idaho900kPresident Harding, COC of Uncle Sam's Navy, standing beneath the muzzles of the giant 14-inch rifles of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), flagship of the Atlantic Fleet, address the Fleet's officers on their return to Hampton Roads from the Southern waters saying: "Officers of the navy, I bid you make ours the most efficient, conscientious and effective navy in the service of any civilized nation, and I pledge to you in return the confidence and regard of one hundred and ten million people. Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
PDF courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 08 May 1921, page 3, Image 65, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-38 Pennsylvania107kIn 1922 Vice Adml. Hilary P. Jones, was appointed Commander in Chief of the United States Fleet. He is seen here aboard the Pennsylvania (BB-38) on 23 June 1921. Digital ID: # npcc 04460. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division & submitted courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.00kFlag hoist, Pennsylvania (BB-38). USNIP., July 1921.Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via USNIP.
BB-38 Pennsylvania738kBroadside view of Pennsylvania (BB-38) in warm weather during 1921. US National Archives photo # 80G-1035097 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
BB-38 Pennsylvania121kPanoramic photograph of Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington by H.E. Wale, 1922, assembled from five separate images. This image scans West-North-East across the Navy Yard waterfront from alongside Pier Number Six.
Among the ships present are:
Pennsylvania (BB-38), at far left, with Coal Barge No. 322 and Floating Derrick No. 59 alongside her bow, and Coal Barge No. 372 in the distance, beyond the battleship's bow.
A U.S. Shipping Board 535-foot passenger ship, in drydock, left center;
Iroquois (AT-46), seen stern-on in the center;
Swallow (AM-4) in right center;
Somers (DD-301), right foreground; and
Delphy (DD-261) on the opposite side of the pier from Somers.
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 105300.
BB-38 Pennsylvania762kKite balloon, Pennsylvania (BB-38). USNIP., April, 1922.Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via USNIP.
BB-36 Nevada66kSteaming with other battleships, during the early 1920s. Oklahoma (BB-37) is in the left background. The other ship is either Pennsylvania (BB-38) or Arizona (BB-39).USNHC # NH 50109, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania108kPort view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), at anchor, 1920's photo. NH photo # NH 67586, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-28 Delaware819kPanoramic photo of the U.S. fleet in Panama Bay (Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal) on 1 March 1923. 70 vessels are viewed; the Battle Fleet consists of all U.S. battleships from the Delaware (BB-28) through the Idaho (BB-42). Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, courtesy of Tom Kermen. Copyright R.G. Lewis, Y Photo Shop, Balboa, C.Z."
BB-38 Pennsylvania38kStarboard view, underway. Circa 1924.Jon Burdett.
BB-38 Pennsylvania79kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) in Panama Canal, in Gaillard cut, near Cucaracha slide going north, 24 March 1924.USN / USNI Photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania102kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) in Panama Canal, in Pedro Miguel Locks, northbound, 24 March 1924. USN Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania143kPennsylvania (BB-38) in Pedro Miguel Locks, Panama Canal, circa 24 March 1924. Photo contributed by Robert Hurst. Photo taken from U.S. Warships of World War One, by P.H. Silverstone.
BB-38 Pennsylvania157kPennsylvania (BB-38) underway, before the addition of aircraft catapults, circa 1920 - mid 1920's. USN photo courtesy of David Buell.
Melbourne 2.13k The Nevada (BB-36) leads the battle force in the early 1920's.
The next ship in line is the Pennsylvania (BB-38).
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 2.35k The Pennsylvania (BB-38) follows other battleships during maneuvers. The first three ships in the background are Nevada (BB-36), Oklahoma (BB-37), and Arizona (BB-39) in that order. However, the photo pre-dates the 1925 Australia/ New Zealand tour since Oklahoma lacks the enlarged lookout stations on the cagemasts. Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania12k1920's image, 3 crew members have their photo taken while inside the barrels of Pennsylvania's (BB-38) 14" main guns. USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania170k1920's photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) firing a broadside. Contributed by Darryl L. Baker.
BB-38 Pennsylvania104kPennsylvania (BB-38) leading two other battleships during maneuvers, during the 1920s. The other ships are two of these three: Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) and West Virginia (BB-48). USNHC # NH 63346, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Melbourne 360k Pennsylvania (BB-38) in Melbourne during 1924-25. Photo courtesy of Allan Greene via Chris Howell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania93kHumorist Will Rogers with crewmen of Pennsylvania (BB-38), on the battleship's after deck, 28 March 1928.USNHC # NH 42750, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania97kFlagship of the Pacific Fleet, seen here arriving in Honolulu in the late 1920's.USNI / USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania33kImage of stern showing the placement of aircraft, circa late 20's. USN photo.
BB-45 Colorado103kColorado (BB-45) at Puget Sound Navy Yard on 5 April 1928. Newly installed 5"/25 open mounts and Mark 19 directors, with their altimeters are easily seen. She had also just been fitted with a protected flag battle station and with a powder catapult on her quarterdeck. The bridge has been enlarged. During a previous refit she had been fitted with a 12-foot armored range finder for flag use, on a platform just above the roof of No. 2 turret.
At the same time, air coolers and purifiers had been installed for her plotting room, central station, internal communication room, and torpedo tracking room. Main cage mast behind #2 turret belongs to an unidentified older battleship.
Note: Based purely on appearance, I believe this to be the mainmast of a Pennsylvania class (BB-38 /39) battleship prior to modernization.) The positioning of the yardarms on the front of the mainmast, the positioning of the searchlights approximately 2/3 of the way up the mainmast, and the location and shape of the structure just below the searchlights appears to me to be identical between these two photos.
USN photo. Text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Ronald J. Nash.
Battle fleet122kWatercolor of a Presidential review during President Hoover's term of office, 1928-32.
Crews line the rails of a Colorado class (BB-45 / 48) battleship as the ships pass in line astern of the reviewing stand with the airship Los Angeles (ZR-3) piercing the clouds accompanied by 9 biplanes.
Courtesy of Michael Schwarz.
Battle fleet56kView of the U.S. Battle fleet from above, possibly from the airship Los Angeles (ZR-3). Photo courtesy of periscopefilm.com.
BB-36 Nevada1.31kWhat makes a battleship go? Peek here and find out:
Dynamo Condenser Circulating Pump and Turbine for the Nevada (BB-36) & Pennsylvania (BB-38).
Photo courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-38 Pennsylvania238k Pennsylvania (BB-38) all decked out with flags. In the background is a 3 masted bark. Photo by George Winstead, possibly on or about 8 May 1931, when she departed for a refresher training cruise to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba after her modernization.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-38 Pennsylvania126kCaptain Frank Howard Sadler was the commanding officer of the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) from 1931 to 1932.Photo courtesy of life.time.
1932 - Pre-Pearl Harbor Attack
BB-34 New York413k New York (BB-34) ahead of Pennsylvania (BB-38). The next ship ahead is a Tennessee class (BB-43 /44) based on the slope of the turret roofs. (Uniform slope back to front - no kink like the twin 16" mounts on the Colorado's (BB-45). Based on the relatively full appearance of the forward superstructure, I am leaning toward California (BB-44) which had an enlarged flag bridge as Battle Force Flagship. The other three are obviously Tennessee (BB-43) and/or Colorado class (BB-45 / 48) but are too indistinct to ID specifically. Because of the boom cranes on the sterns, the photo was taken between 1931 and 1934. Photo courtesy of Kerry Garrett.
Photo & text i.d. courtesy of Richard M. Jensen.
BB-38 Pennsylvania70kCaptain Jonas H. Ingram commanded the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) from January 1932 to May 1933. Photo from the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania876kPennsylvania (BB-38) and Raleigh (CL-7) at San Diego on 7 June 1932.US National Archives photo # 80-G-1049998 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
BB-38 Pennsylvania400kPennsylvania (BB-38) with Raleigh (CL-7) partially in the rear at San Diego on 7 June 1932.US National Archives photo # 80-G-187382 from NARA, College Park, Maryland,courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large .
BB-38 Pennsylvania77kFlagship of the Pacific Fleet, excellent image in the early 30's following her rebuild.Paul Ayers / & copy "Baily Photo".
BB-38 Pennsylvania71kFlagship of the Pacific Fleet, excellent image in the early 30's. Repair ship Medusa (AR-1) is seen at the left of this image.Paul Ayers / & copy "Baily Photo".
BB-38 Pennsylvania870kNY, 17 March: At sea with the Fleet--Fangs of the war dogs.
These six 14 inch guns, bristling from the forward turrets of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) flagship of the U.S. Fleet, were photographed by a Navy cameraman during the war games off Pureto Rico. The flagship carries two similar turrets of 14 inch guns aft. Smaller guns at sides are anti-aircraft and destroyer defense guns.
Associated Press wire photo from the collection of Michael Strout, courtesy of Jonathan Eno.
BB-38 Pennsylvania85kView of the forecastle, taken from the foremast. USNHC # NH 61224, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania134kIdentifiable ships in this photo possibly at Puget Sound circa 1933 are, from left to right:
U.S. Crane Ship No. 1 ex-Kearsarge (BB-5), & Seaplane Tender Jason (AV-2), one of the Colorado class (BB-45 / 48) battleships, [possibly the West Virginia (BB-48)] in the dry dock and a Pennsylvania class (BB-38 / 39) along the pier.
The aircraft carrier in the photo is the Saratoga (CV-3) (note the "SARA" on the flight deck aft).
USN Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Photo & partial text I.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn & David C. Nilsen.
BB-38 Pennsylvania195kCirca 1933 overhead and broadside photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) with a full compliment of Vought 03U-3's birds perched on their roosts.Photos courtesy of Mike Wade.
BB-38 Pennsylvania108kAssistant Secretary of the Navy Henry L. Roosevelt (Seated, right center), and Admiral David Foote Sellers, USN (seated, left center), Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet. With other U.S. Fleet flag officers, on board Pennsylvania (BB-38) in the Spring of 1934.USNHC # NH 76413, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania161kSteaming in Panama Bay with her 14"/45 guns trained out to port, on 21 April 1934, at about the time of Fleet Problem XV. Photographed from a U.S. Army Air Corps aircraft.USNHC # NH 93548, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania132kUnderway off New York City during the Naval Review before President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 31 May 1934. Pennsylvania (BB-38) was then serving as flagship of the Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, Admiral David F. Sellers, USN. High conning tower distinguished her from Arizona (BB-39). She now is equipped with both fantail and turret catapults as seen on #3 turret here.USNHC # NH 67583, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania129kOil on canvas painting by the artist James Flood entitled "Pacific Bulwark" The Pennsylvania (BB-38) leads the gun line of the Pacific Fleet in the 1930's. Photo and text courtesy of oldgloryprints.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania195kStarboard Beam, underway, 23 August 1935.National Archives # 80-CF-2047-1.
BB-383.1mPennsylvania (BB-38) in 1935 with two Vought 03U-3's.The center aircraft is 2-0-11, the 11th AC in Observation Squadron Two with the one on the right the Command AC for CinCUs.USN photo courtesy Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania472kVought O3U-1 # 1-0-10 running up its engine on turret catapult of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) in 1936.Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania444kPennsylvania (BB-38) equator memrobillia, 20 May 1936.Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
BB-38 Pennsylvania102k The Pennsylvania (BB-38) in San Francisco Bay, 7 July 1936.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-38 Pennsylvania126Oil on canvas painting by the artist James Flood entitled "Pennsylvania (BB-38) - 1936" underway and taking water over the bow.Photo and partial text courtesy of oldgloryprints.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania121Oil on canvas painting by the artist James Flood entitled "Pennsylvania (BB-38) - 1937 under the Golden Gate Bridge." Photo and partial text courtesy of oldgloryprints.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania238k From August 1931 to 1941, Pennsylvania (BB-38) engaged in Fleet tactics and battle practice along the west coast and participated in Fleet problems and maneuvers which were held periodically in the Hawaiian area as well as the Caribbean Sea. She is seen here transiting the Panama Canal at the Pedro Miguel Locks in March, 1937.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-38 Pennsylvania400kLight & dark versions 1930's circa photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri & Anna Stevens, daughter of crew member Albert Sharp, USS Pennsylvania & submitted by Ric Hedman.
BB-38 Pennsylvania108kLooking into the brig on board the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) at San Diego, 1937.Photographer: Peter Stackpole, courtesy of life.time.
BB-38 Pennsylvania110kAdm. Arthur J. Hepburn (R) in civilian clothing coming on board the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) at San Diego, CA., in 1937. Note the 4 star podium. Photographer: Peter Stackpole, courtesy of life.time.
BB-38 Pennsylvania114kSailors scrubbing the deck of battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38).Photographer: Peter Stackpole, courtesy of life.time.
BB-38 Pennsylvania115kSailors hosing down anchor chain on the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38). Photographer: Peter Stackpole, courtesy of life.time.
BB-38 Pennsylvania79kMen spreading awning on forecastle of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) in 1938. She is probably entering tropical waters. USNI Photo Navy Recruiting Bureau, N.Y.
Text i.d. courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.1mRecreation hour on the Pennsylvania (BB-38). The bluejackets acquire a tropical sun-tan while the ship's band renders its daily concert, 1938. USNI Photo Navy Recruiting Bureau, N.Y.
Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania339kPennsylvania (BB-38) sails along with two columns of destroyers for company in this 1930's photo.Photo i.d. courtesy of Bob Crawford.
Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania654kSTANDING OUT TO SEA, BATTLESHIPS OF THE U.S. NAVY STEAM IN CRUISING FORMATION
Beneath gleaming 14 inch guns, bluejackets aboard the Pennsylvania (BB-38) secure anchor and ground tackle. Commissioned in 1916 before the advent of the clipper, or overhanging bow, the ship has a blunt or overhanging forecastle. Immeadiatley ahead steams the New Mexico (BB-40) with the Nevada (BB-36) at the right.
USNI Photo Navy Recruiting Bureau, N.Y.
BB-38 Pennsylvania652kThe SS Virginia of the Panama Pacific Line and Pennsylvania (BB-38) at San Francisco. Alcatraz island is in the background.USNI Photo Navy Recruiting Bureau, N.Y.
Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania443kN.Y., 20 April 1939. "Guns aimed straight ahead, battleship leads way to Pacific."
Here is an air-view of the leading battleship in caravan of naval might that steamed out of Hampton Roads this morning on way to the West Coast. It was the Pacific Fleet, ordered to home waters in surprise announcement. The battleships and convoy formed impressive column as they steamed out in the morning mist.
Associated Press wire photo from the collection of Michael Strout, courtesy of Jonathan Eno.
BB-38 Pennsylvania254kA painting by the artist Tom Freeman showing the Pennsylvania (BB-38) sailing along in pre WW II period.Drawing courtesy of artbywayne.com.Photo from the PA Military Museum in Boalsburg PA, courtesy of Bruce C. Sheehe.
BB-38 Pennsylvania82kAdmiral James O. Richardson, USN, (foreground) assumes command of the Battle Force, U.S. Fleet, in ceremonies on board Pennsylvania (BB-38), 24 June 1939. Captain Roland M. Brainard, Chief of Staff and Aide to Commander Battle Force, is in the background. USNHC # NH 54892, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Insert photo courtesy of Naval Customs Traditions and Usage by Leland P. Lovette (1939) via Tommy Trampp.
BB-38 Pennsylvania76k The Pennsylvania (BB-38) sailing out of the San Francisco Bay past the Golden Gate Bridge, whose shadow can be seen on the rear portion of the vessel, circa 1939-40 during Fleet Week. USN photo by Albert Weigandt & submitted by James D. Card, QMCS (SW/AW).
BB-38 Pennsylvania & Colorado class119kPennsylvania (BB-38) & or Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) & or West Virginia (BB-48) at 1010 dock sometime after returning to Pearl Harbor, circa 1939-40. USN photo by Albert Weigandt & submitted by James D. Card, QMCS (SW/AW).
Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Tom Bateman.
BB-38 Pennsylvania244kFour SOC 'Seagull's' are perched on Pennsylvania's (BB-38) stern, 2 July 1939.
The dark-colored Seagull is ADM Richardson's "Flag" or "Command" plane, painted Admiral Blue with "U.S.FLEET" on its side for Commander-in-Chief, US Fleet. (For a beautiful image of this plane, see William Larkins' photo on his flickr photostream:The other three SOC-3s are Pennsylvania's VO-1 (Observation Squadron One) compliment.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Alan Sherman.
USN photo released to San Francisco Examiner for publication via Jim Geldert.
Photo of SOC courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania91kAdmiral James O. Richardson, USN (left), Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet Relaxing in Flag Quarters on board his flagship, Pennsylvania (BB-38), circa January-May 1940. With him are (center) Admiral Charles P. Snyder, Commander, Battle Force, U.S. Fleet, and (right) Vice Admiral William S. Pye, Commander Battleships, Battle Force. Note pipe radiator on the bulkhead, to the right, open porthole covers and leather-covered furniture. USNHC # NH 54894, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania89kAdmiral James O. Richardson, USN, Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, (seated, center) with members of his staff on board the Fleet flagship, Pennsylvania (BB-38), January 1940.USNHC # NH 77082, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Lahaina859kPhoto of part of the Pacific Fleet in 1940 at Lahaina, Maui.
It is possible that the battleship on the left is the California (BB-44). If you look at the top of the armored conning tower there is a thin vertical structure at the rear on top of the conning tower, just in front of the superstructure.
The center battleship is definitely Oklahoma because of the higher platform.
I believe the rightmost battleship is a Pennsylvania class (BB-38/39) because the height of the forward superstructure beneath the foremast is higher than the middle battleship, as shown by the fact that it's roughly the same height as the top of the stack, which was true of the Pennsylvania's after their rebuild. I also believe that this can be narrowed down to be Pennsylvania rather than Arizona (BB-39) because of the height of the armored conning tower in front of the superstructure and behind turret 2. As can be seen in this picture of the Pennsylvania, which was taken at nearly the same angle, the conning tower is one deck higher than on the Arizona, shown here
Partial text i.d. courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large. Photo courtesy of Floyd Proffitt via Brad Proffitt.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Ron Nash.
BB-40 New Mexico & family463kProbable front and rear photos here and below showing formations of aircraft flying over U.S. Navy battleships during exercises at sea, circa late 1930's - 1940.
Pictured here is a New Mexico (BB-40 /42) class battleship in the van with other battleships of the Pacific Fleet and a carrier air group, led by the Air Group Commander in a Curtiss SBC Helldiver.
The aircraft following are:
A torpedo squadron of eighteen Douglas TBD-1s;
A bombing squadron of eighteen Northrop BT-1s;
A scouting squadron eighteen Curtiss SBCs;
A fighting squadron of eighteen Grumman F2F-1s or F3F-3s from either the Yorktown (CV-5) or F3F-2s from the Enterprise (CV-6), plus possibly nine additional aircraft.
The Yorktown and Enterprise were the only two carriers whose bombing squadrons were equipped with the Northrop BT-1.
The text for the photo reads:
"The Navy uses enormous amounts of rubber. At least seventy-five tons of rubber, enough to makes 17,000 tires, are used in the construction of each of these battleships. Tons more are needed for the naval planes that are making history over the world. Medical and communication requirements--and countless other needs of the Navy--are met."
The lead BB looks like Mississippi (BB-41) followed by Maryland (BB-46) (rangefinder on Turret II). My first impression of the Tennessee class (BB-43 /44) is the Tennessee (BB-43), but that is not a certain ID from this photo alone. Fourth is the Oklahoma (BB-37) (no birdbath). Aside from the DD now in the lead, I see nothing in the head-on shot aerial that positively differs from the ID's of the first 4 BB's in the first photo. Of course, in the aft aerial shot, BB #5 is the California (BB-44), ID'd by the enlarged flag bridge, lending support to BB #3 in the first photo being Tennessee. Everything I see supports these three photos all being part of the same operation with at least the first 5 BB's remaining in the same order.
Photograph # LC-USE64 - DC-000944 & partial text courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
Battleship i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Aircraft i.d. & text & timeline courtesy of Alan Moore via the following sources: Airplane i.d.: Yorktown Class Carriers (Warship Pictorial No. 9) by Steve Wiper, Tucson, AZ: Classic Warships Publishing, 2000. & That Gallant Ship: U.S.S. Yorktown (CV-5) by Robert Cressman, Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Pub Co, 1985. Timeline from Battleship Arizona: An Illustrated History by Paul Stillwell, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991.
BB-40 New Mexico & family1.62kProbable front and rear photos here and above showing formations of aircraft flying over U.S. Navy battleships during exercises at sea, circa late 1930's - 1940.
In both photos, one of the New Mexico (BB-40 / 42) is leading the BB column while the remaining battleships have dual masthead fire control structures.
The air group formation in the two photos appears to be similar. The composition of 18 TBDs, 18 BT-1s, 18 SBCs, and 27 fighters is easier to distinguish in the front/surface view. I'm assuming, based on total aircraft count alone, that the formation in the rear/aerial view is the same. (The perspective makes it difficult to sort the monoplanes and biplanes into their respective types.) The only difference is that in the front/surface view the formation is lead by a Curtiss SBC Helldiver (likely the Air Group Commander) but in the rear/aerial view that lead Helldiver is not present. I suppose it's possible that the photographer was in that Helldiver's rear seat. What stands out for me is the presence of nine extra fighters beyond the normal squadron composition of 18, as seen in the other three squadrons in this formation.
Photo i.d courtesy of Chuck Haberlein, Richard Jensen, Aryeh Wetherhorn, & Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
Battleship i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Aircraft i.d. & text courtesy of Alan Moore.
US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, photo No. 2008.104.001.234.
BB-39 Arizona1.31kBetween 9 & 13 September 1940 the Arizona (BB-39) was under way with other ships of the US Fleet for simulated fleet engagement. She is pictured here in company with other ships of the Pacific Fleet taken during Fleet Ops. and at least one carrier air group.US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104.001.235 courtesy of Alan Moore.
Text & photo i.d. courtesy of Alan Moore via Battleship Arizona: An Illustrated History by Paul Stillwell, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991.
Attack on Pearl Harbor
BB-38 Pennsylvania60kCaptain Charles M. Cooke, Jr. took command of the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) in February 1941, saw her through the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that opened the Pacific War, and remained with her into 1942. Portrait photograph, taken circa 1938-1941. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 50681.
Hit 1.01k Japanese post card of bombers over Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941. Photo courtesy of Arnold Putnam.
Hit 3.24k Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor - Hickam Field. Photo courtesy of Arnold Putnam.
BB-38 Pennsylvania47k Cover of the Bomb Damage - Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941 Report of the Pennsylvania (BB-38). Photo from WII War Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania156kPennsylvania (BB-38) in Drydock # 1 at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, with the sunken destroyer Downes (DD-375) and capsized Cassin (DD-372) in the foreground. Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania64kView looking down Pier 1010 toward the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard's Drydock Number One, in center, which holds the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) and the burning destroyers Cassin (DD-372) and Downes (DD-375). Alongside Pier 1010, in the center middle distance, are the light cruiser Helena (CL-50), listing slightly from a torpedo hit, and the capsized minelayer Oglala (CM-4). Taken on 7 December 1941.
USNHC # 80-G-32953, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Submitted by Scott Dyben.
BB-38 Pennsylvania3.14kThe wrecked destroyers Downes (DD-375) and Cassin (DD-372) in Drydock One at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, soon after the end of the Japanese air attack. Cassin has capsized against Downes. Pennsylvania (BB-38) is astern, occupying the rest of the drydock. The torpedo-damaged cruiser Helena (CL-50) is in the right distance, beyond the crane. Visible in the center distance is the capsized Oklahoma (BB-37), with Maryland (BB-46) alongside. Smoke is from the sunken and burning Arizona (BB-39), out of view behind Pennsylvania. California (BB-44) is partially visible at the extreme left. This image has been attributed to Navy Photographer's Mate Harold Fawcett.Official USN photo # 80-G-19943, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania123kBlistered paint and other fire damage to the forward hull of Pennsylvania (BB-38) in Drydock # 1 at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard shortly after the Japanese raid. Note Jack flying at the battleship's bow.USNHC # NH 64475, now in the collections of the National Archives.
Salvage & Repair
BB-38 Pennsylvania63kStarboard bow of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) showing one of her cranes and looking out into Pearl Harbor.Photo from WII War Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania86kDamage to the superstructure deck, broken near the splinter shield to the left and folded back to the right. The crane is being used to clear away damage.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania79kView from the upper deck outboard of No. 9 casement. Note how the splinter shield of the gun above is lifted. The galley bulkhead is in the center of the picture.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania88k Looking aft of the No. 9 casement on the upper deck. The galley door in the 30-1b. STS bulkhead to the right is hanging by one hinge. The bomb struck the base of the gun mount in the lower left corner of the picture, and rebounded to explode where the hole is in the deck.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania83k Looking inboard in the No. 9 casement, showing deck bent shaply down over the beam at frame 85. The fire main riser was broken.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania86k Crew space A-704 on the main deck, looking aft. Foundation of No. 9 gun is in the upper left corner. Note rupture of clipping room bulkhead in the rear center of the picture.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania98k View from within warrant Officers mess, looking to starboard into A-704, and showing distorted bulkhead and fragment penetrations.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania79kPlate I. Cut out of the Plan view of Dry Dock No. 1, from the Action Damage Report.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania106kPlate III. Cut out of the Plans at Superstructure & Upper Deck, from the Action Damage Report.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania96kPlate III. Cut out of the Plans at Main & Secondary Deck, from the Action Damage Report.Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil, link submitted by Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania398kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) was rebuilt at Mare Island between 4 October 1942 and 5 February 1943 with simplified bridgework. Note the removal of her conning tower and long-base rangefinder was mounted in its place.
A new deckhouse replaced her Mainmast, the after Main Battery Director cupola (Spot 2) being relocated to its top. Provision for dual-purpose fire control was limited to replacement of the two MK.33 by two Mk.37 with atop radar equipment Mk.4.
The bridgework was simplified mainly by the elimination of the previous outside platforms and the turret-top catapult and boat cranes were removed.
Ten quadruple Bofors and fifty-one Oerlikons were mounted.
Note the Twin 40mm superfiring over the Twin 20mm Mount MK.20 Mod.2 atop her #2 Main Battery Triple 14-Inch Turret.
USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania140kThe proper method of stacking cartridge tanks on deck.USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania143kStriking 14-Inch powder tanks below aboard a battleship.USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania433kPhoto taken on 26 February 1942, one of the 1.10" gun tubs while at Mare Island, eventually replaced by the more effective 40mm Bofors.USN photo serial # 1032-42, courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-38 Pennsylvania264kView of splintershields, 5-Inch AA gun shields and 20mm guns and platforms. Stb. side, amidship, looking Fwd. Mare Island, CA. 26 February 1942. USN photo # 1028-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania496k View of splinter shields and 20mm guns and platforms amidships, looking Fwd. Mare Island, CA. 26 February 1942.
Note: There also seems to be some sort of exchange regarding what looks like gas ballons in the left corner of the photo.
USN photo # 1020-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania152k 20mm gun and platform on Main Deck aft. Mare Island, CA. 26 February 1942. USN photo # 1030-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania248kLooking up at Mainmast, port side. Mare Island, CA. 26 February 1942. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania421k20 MM guns and shields on emergency cabin platform, port side, 26 February 1942 at Mare Island.USN photo serial # 1026-42, courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-38 Pennsylvania197k Broadside view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) starboard side. Bow to frame # 42. Mare Island, Ca. 2 March 1942 as what look to be a slow day at the office: sweeping, discussing orders of the day, looking overboard at the floating barrels chained up alongside. USN photo # 1111-42 courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania198k Broadside view, starboard side at Mare Island, Ca. 2 March 1942. View from Frame # 33 to 58.USN photo # 1110-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania476k Broadside view, starboard side at Mare Island, Ca. 2 March 1942. View from Frame # 40 to 74.
The Pennsylvania (BB-38) survived Pearl Harbor virtually without damage and continued to operate in essentially her Pre-Pearl Harbor configuration, except that now all her 5-in./25-caliber guns were shielded and she had considerable additional light anti-aircraft weapons: the now standard four quadruple 1.1-in. and sixteen, post-attack 20mm Oerlikons.
Some of the features installed on the Pacific Fleet battleships before their destruction were therefore preserved, as shown in this 2 March 1942 Mare Island view, including the installation of enclosed Mark 19 directors on the rangefinder level and extensive splinter protection.
The shields for the 5-inch /25-caliber guns were a Pacific Fleet initiative.
Note the air defense position at the base of the foremast and radar, scheduled for installation aboard all battleships.
USN photo # 1108-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania78kBroadside view, starboard side. Plate # 5a, Frame 96 - 115. 2 March 1942 at Mare Island.USN photo serial # 1105-42, courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-38 Pennsylvania396kStern view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), taken on 2 March 1942, at San Francisco for refit and repairs after Pearl Harbor. USN photo serial # 1114-42,courtesy of John Hummel. Text i.d. courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
BB-38 Pennsylvania129k20mm & 1.1 guns & platforms on Main Deck, aft, Stb.side, looking Fwd. Mare Island, CA. 3 March 1942. USN photo # 1027-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania82kPhoto taken on 2 March 1942, at Mare Island for refit and repairs after Pearl Harbor. Visible are much of her different early war guns - two shielded 5in/25cal guns, three 5in/51cal casemate guns, a 1.10" AA gun tub, and numerous 20mm Oerlikons on the upper levels.USN photo # 1109-42.
BB-38 Pennsylvania204kSplinter shield on Pennsylvania's (BB-38) Navigating Bridge, looking aft at Mare Island, CA. March, 1942. USN photo # 1021-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania22.57k View of splinter shields, 5-Inch A.A.shields, 1.1-inch and 20mm guns and platforms. Stb. side, looking aft.Mare Island, CA. March 1942. USN photo # 1024-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania22.57k Broadside view, Stb. side. Mare Island, CA. 3 March 1942. View from Frame # 71 to 104.USN photo # 1106-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania233k Broadside view, Stb. side, Mare Island, CA. 3 March 1942. View from Frame # 75 to 104.USN photo # 1107-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania222kBroadside view, Stb. side. Mare Island, CA. 3 March 1942. View from Frame # 115 to stern.USN photo # 1104-42, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania58kDeck view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) as seen from the stern, looking forward. This photo is taken after her 1942 refit, where twin 5"/38 secondary mounts replaced her 5"/25 and 5"/51 secondary mounts. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania224kLooking Fwd. from port director platform. Note the long-base rangefinder and the addition of quad.40mm mounts and their associated MK.51 directors. San Francisco, CA. 28 January 1943.Official USN photo # 770-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania279kPennsylvania (BB-38) Plan view, looking aft from Stb. Director. Note the CXAM-1. Navy Yard, Mare Island, CA. January 1943. Official USN photo # 773-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania222k A good view of her added 40mm quads and directors,the 20mm gallery and the long-base rangefinder already mentioned. Atop her #2 Turret a triplet of 20mm's in their tubs.Plan view, looking Fwd. from Stbd. Director Platform. San Francisco, CA. 28 January 1943.Official USN photo # 771-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania168k View aft. Note the type P catapult on her stern. San Francisco, CA. 28 January 1943.Official USN photo # 774-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania151kPlan view, port side, looking Fwd. The two MK.33 were replaced by MK.37 with MK.4 radars. San Francisco, CA. 28 January 1943.Official USN photo # 775-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania137kA new deck house is base for 8 Twin 5-in. 38-cal. The mainmast is replaced by a stump tower carrying a Main Battery Director to open sky arcs. San Francisco, CA. 28 January 1943.Official USN photo # 777-43, courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania98kDrawing prepared by the Bureau of Ships for use in preparing camouflage designs, circa 1943. This plan shows the Pennsylvania's (BB-38) starboard side, superstructure ends and exposed decks. Official USN photo # 80-G-156820-A, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-38 Pennsylvania87kDrawing prepared by the Bureau of Ships for Camouflage Measure 32, Design 3D, intended for the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38), circa 1943. This plan shows the ship's starboard side and superstructure ends. Official USN photo # 80-G-156820, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-38 Pennsylvania208k Pennsylvania (BB-38), 135 degrees off centerline (starboard quarter)1 February 1943, Mare Island. USN photo # 862-43, courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania522kPennsylvania (BB-38), taken in February 1943, location unknown. Possibly taken from an airship from either ZP-31 or ZP-32 which were based at Moffet Field.USN photo courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania74kOverhead view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) on 1 February 1943, at the conclusion of her overhaul at San Francisco. Easily seen in this view are the ship's 10-quadruple 40mm mounts and her 8-dual 5"/38 secondary mounts.Photo & text from the Division of Naval Intelligence, Identification and Characteristics Section, as published in June, 1943. Courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-38 Pennsylvania458kPortside view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), February 1943, probably at Mare Island. Official USN photo courtesy of Steve Singlar, ETCS, USN.R-ret.
BB-38 Pennsylvania390kAcrylic on canvas portrait of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) after modernization by the artist William (Bill) H. RaVell III, of the International Society of Marine Artists. He was commissioned to paint a portrait of the battleship Pennsylvania (here) and a portrait of the Trident Submarine Pennsylvania. Photo courtesy of William (Bill) H. RaVell III. More of his work can be found @ravellfineart.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania96kRefit at Puget Sound Navy Yard on 29 July 1943. The Pennsylvania (BB-38) had MK3 & 4 added as well as SG & SK radar antennas. Official USN photo courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania53kPhoto taken on 1 August 1943 near Puget Sound after a refit.USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania362kPhoto probably taken on 1 August 1943 near Puget Sound after a refit.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-38 Pennsylvania126k A VO-2 OS2U-3 is lifted off the recovery sled and about to be swung aboard Pennsylvania (BB-38) on 3 August 1943.USN photo submitted by Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania165kHookup for an OS2U-3 #24 aboard Pennsylvania (BB-38) on 3 August 1943. Note that the radiomast is folded down to avoid damage from striking cables.USN photo submitted by Pieter Bakels.
Task Group 51133kPhoto of Task Group 51, the Attu force, May 1943.
Pennsylvania (BB-38) in the foreground with the battleships Idaho (BB-42) and Nevada (BB-36) in the background. The Nassau (CVE-16) is pictured astern of the Pennsylvania and provided air cover for the occupation of Attu Island from 11 through 20 May.
Photograph courtesy of Ray Daves via Fabia Pena & Carol Edgemon Hipperson author of Radioman: An Eyewitness Account of Pearl Harbor & World War II in the Pacific(Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press, 2008).
Text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-38 Pennsylvania283k Pennsylvania (BB-38) in Aleutian Islands, Alaska, during the summer of 1943.Photograph courtesy of Ray Daves via Fabia Pena & Carol Edgemon Hipperson author of Radioman: An Eyewitness Account of Pearl Harbor & World War II in the Pacific(Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press, 2008).
Photo i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
BB-38 Pennsylvania90kIn Adak Bay, Adak, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, on 12 August 1943, just prior to the Kiska operation. An LST is in the left background.Photograph HC # SC 245169, from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
BB-38 Pennsylvania65kPennsylvania class line drawing, 11/43.Courtesy of Joe Radigan.
BB-38 Pennsylvania78kBack at Pearl Harbor after supporting the Gilbert Island invasion, November 1943. The Pennsylvania (BB-38) (left) is shown tied up to the New Mexico (BB-40). The Pennsylvania has been modernized, with increased A.A. protection, and the removal of the tripod mainmast, which increased the A.A. weapons arcs of fire.USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania42.57k The Pennsylvania (BB-38) & Colorado (BB-45) are tied up in port at Pearl Harbor sometime around or after 7 December 1943. Official USN photo # 1-084-13, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania2.1mBombarding shore installations off Guam prior to the invasion, on 20 July 1944.USN photo courtesy Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania85k20 October 1944 photo showing the Pennsylvania (BB-38) bombarding Leyte with her main and secondary batteries. Note the gun directors at the side of the bridge. Both are pointing to the port, as a primary and backup target controls for the 14"/45 and 5"/38guns.USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania392kA painting by the artist Wayne Scarpaci entitled "We have returned."
The Pennsylvania (BB-38) is moving into bombardment position in Lingayen Gulf during the recapture of the Philippines, October 1944. In the background are the Colorado (BB-45), the Portland (CA-33) and the Louisville (CA-28). Army P-40's are in the foreground & B-25's in the background.
Drawing courtesy of artbywayne.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania540kIn one of the most famous photographs of the war, Pennsylvania (BB-38) in the van at Lingayen Gulf during the recapture of the Philippines, October 1944. Ships are from front to back: Pennsylvania, Colorado (BB-45), heavy cruisers Louisville (CA-28) and Portland (CA-33) followed by the light cruiser Columbia (CL-56). A wartime censor has censored the radar on Pennsylvania. NARA Photo # HD-SN-99-02614 from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil.
BB-38 Pennsylvania64kOil on canvas painting by the artist Mark Churms entitled "Reign of Fire - Pennsylvania (BB-38), Leyte Gulf 1944".
Pennsylvania engages Japanese kamikaze (vals) airplanes, at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Pacific Theater.
Partial text and drawing courtesy of naval-art.com
BB-38 Pennsylvania4.20kDrydocked in an Advanced Base Sectional Dock (ABSD) at the Pacific, circa October 1944. Note the extensive anti-torpedo "blister" built into her hull side and paravane streaming chains running from her forefoot to her foredeck. Pennsylvania (BB-38) is painted in Measure 21, Navy Blue and Deck Blue on all decks.USN photo courtesy Pieter Bakels.
Majority text courtesy of USNHC.
BB-38 Pennsylvania417kBroadside of the Pennsylvania (BB-38), late war photo. Official USN photo courtesy The Ships and Aircraft of the United States Fleet by Admiral James C. Fahey, courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Photo added 08/26/15.
BB-38 Pennsylvania19kDamage from shore battery / gunfire while the Pennsylvania (BB-38) was off of Wake on 8 January 1945. Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil.
BB-5 Kearsarge 1.10k Kearsarge (AB-1) is used to install a set of three 14" guns aboard Pennsylvania (BB-38) at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard in April 1945. Text i.d. courtesy of John Hendershot.
USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
BB-5 Kearsarge 1.19k San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters' Point, San Francisco, California, taken by a plane from the USN photo ic squadron VJ-1 from an altitude of 2.300 m on 24 May 1945. The aircraft carrier Intrepid (CV-11) is visible in the center, with the Crane Ship No. 1 on her port side. The light aircraft carrier Cabot (CVL-28) is visible in the drydock in the lower half of the picture. The battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) is visible at the pier in the upper part of the picture. USN photo now in the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration # 296816, courtesy of Robert Hurst.
BB-38 Pennsylvania495kThe Pennsylvania (BB-38) after her last wartime refit at San Francisco (Hunters Point) on 28 June 1945. The aircraft carrier in the background is most likely the Intrepid (CV-11). According to DANFS she left the following day after being sidelined for more than a month due to Kamikaze damage.
Note the two MK.50 Directors with their MK.10 Mod.5 larger 45-Inch radar dishes, just behind the #3 Main Battery Triple 14-Inch/45-Cal. Turret, the radar MK.34 dishes on Antenna Mount MK.19 atop her quadruple 40mm Mounts MK.2 for GFCS. MK.63 and their MK.51 Mod.6 directors, just below the after Main Battery Director MK.34 (Spot 2) with atop Main Battery Fire Control radar MK.8 Mod.3.GFCS. MK.57(appearing here is a view of the Front side of Radar Equipment MK.8 Mod.1 atop Main Battery Director MK.34) flanking the MK.10 radar dishes of the MK.50's.

TDY: (circled, p/s of the MK.34 Director for in this high location jammer range increased and the fat lobes produced by interference with the sea surface were welcome).
A highly-directional, high-powered jammer with monitors incorporated in the antenna, used for very accurate radar direction finding after the rough fix, given by DBM. The antenna was a radiating dipole backed by a screen of horizontal dipole reflectors, the opening angle of which could be varied. These early installations used a single reflector to cover the 175-400mc/s band. This low band was later enlarged to permit operation at frequencies down to 115mc/s.
Atop her Mainmast SP: Simpler, therefore more reliable than SM.
It was designed to scan at 6 rpm with adjustable elevation of -3 to +30 degrees, an 8ft unit weighing 2300lb, having a 2.7x2.7 degrees beam. Conical scan introduced in 1945, improved range performance by about 30 per cent with a range on a bomber at 500 ft of 35nm and on a destroyer 25.
It had a resolution of 200yds and 1.5 degrees and an accuracy of 200 yds and 1.5 degrees with an elevation of 1000ft at 30nm.
Production began in the fall of 1944 and about 300 were built, many installed aboard battleships.
On her Foremast Yardarms: DBM or DBM-1 radar direction finders with their relatively squat domes enclosing spinning antenna that covered different frequencies, one for the 200-1000 or 90-1400mc/s range and another for the 1000-5000 mc/s range, each consisting of a horizontal and a vertical dipole mounted back-to-back, to provide for possible polarizations.
Here is a cropped view of the top of radar picket destroyer Frank Knox's (DD-742) Maintop showing her SP, the lightweight successor to SM, a fighter control radar with a 6ft antenna. BB - 38 had the larger 8ft.antenna-see text there. The small thimble-like radome on the after yardarm is "Derby",CAGW 66132 (300-3000mc/s, a omnidirectional warning type.
The dome on the lower tripod platform is a DBM radar direction-finder required for effective jamming. Actual jamming was done by the TDY visible on the platform.
BB - 38 had CAGW-66132 (300-3000mc/s), its complement "Sword", CAGW 66131 (40-300mc/s) omni-directional warning types. The "Sword" acted to sample enemy reactions to jamming.

TBS tactical radio: SK-2 had a new 17ft dish antenna intended to reduce the side lobes of the previous SK and it spread the main beam in azimuth to 23 degrees. Due to the low elevation of its beams it could not detect high-flying aircraft.
SG, a 10cm surface search radar and the first to incorporate a PPI.
"NANCY" IR beacons flanking the Fire Control Level atop her tripod Foremast. Gun Director MK.50 was an Arma relative-rate director, employing the all- electrical Computer Mark 10, which could change ballistics to handle the full range of A.A. guns up to 5-Inch/38 Cal.
It used a stabilized, conical scanning-type, 10-cm MK.10 Mod.5 radar antenna, of which 37 were built in 1944, with a 45in dish (as seen aboard Pennsylvania) with a narrow beam that gave better performance than the 30in dish used earlier for radar pointing. (seen in this view)
This lightweight director was considered important for 3-Inch/50 fire control on older battleships and cruisers that had not received anti-aircraft directors because of a lack of funds. Typical weight was 19,000lb., including radar MK.10 or -14.
There was a Ballistic Converter MK.10, weighing 2000lb. below decks.
As a result of excessive alteration during development of the all-electric computer Mk.10, MK.50 was reported unsuited to mass production. Only 43 units were produced when production ended in 1944.
Mk.63 Mods.1 and 2 were machine gun blind-fire directors developed by MIT descended from MK.51 and -52 with the MK.34 X-band fire control radar antenna removed from the director. The on-mount antenna with a 30in dish could elevate between-15 and + 85 degrees and could nod to acquire a target at a range of 25,000 yds on bombers.
Accuracy was 15yds plus 0.1 per cent of range and 2mils and resolution 200 yds and 2.25 degrees in bearing and elevation.
Tracking data were projected into the field of vision of Gun Sight MK.15. Post-war use was extensive in the twin- and single 3-Inch/50 rapid-fire guns and on the twin-and quadruple 40mm Gun Mounts.
A Target Acquisition Control Unit (TACU) was incorporated after 1945 that searched through 10 degrees each side of neutral.
To counter BAKA suicide weapons, its limits were raised to 800kts, 20 degrees lead angle and 7000 yards. Typical weights were 1975 lb above and 2025lb below decks.

Director MK.34: Main Battery Director with Range Keeper MK.8 operating in Primary or Secondary and Auxiliary Control.It had an 18ft rangefinder and was crowded after radar, trunnion tilt and director correction correctors were added later and drive was too rough. It was replaced post-war by MK.54.
Weights: 41,300lb topside and 10,742lb below decks with a topside crew of 16 and below decks 10.
USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania334kBow on view of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) taken at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in June 1945 showing her new additions like DBM radar direction finders on both yardarms, "Sword",MK.III IFF,SK,SG,"NANCY" IR beacons and TDY antennas flanking her Navigating Bridge.
Note the score boards painted p/s of her Forward Air Defense Level.
Note the Twin 40mm super-firing over the Twin 20mm Mount MK.20 Mod.2 atop her #2 Main Battery Triple14-Inch Turret.
Note the 40mm Twin Machine Gun Mount Mk.1 designed for anti-aircraft defense with Gun Director MK.51 Mod.2, the most popular modification used during W.W.II with Gun Sight Mk.14 Mod.6.
USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania220kPlan view of stern, looking Fwd. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. June 1945. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania472kSeen after the last wartime refit, June, 1945.USN photo courtesy of Joe MacDonald.
BB-38 Pennsylvania48kPennsylvania (BB-38) final appearance on 28 June, 1945. Note small tower and pole mast which replaced large tripod mainmast. Also secondary armament is on one level. USN photo.
Text & photo i.d. courtesy of Robert Hurst.
BB-38 Pennsylvania122kA line drawing by A.L. Raven of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) as rebuilt with twin 5in/38 guns, July 1945. Photo and text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
BB-38 Pennsylvania880kBATTLESHIP RIDES LOW AFTER TORPEDO HIT
Pumped water spills fromhoses as crewmen work to keep the Pennsylvania (BB-38) afloat after she was hit by an aerial torpedo during action off Okinawa 12 August 1945. The ship was saved. Hoses from gun barrels lead from ship's flooded compartments.
AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
BB-38 Pennsylvania173kPennsylvania (BB-38) on 12 August 1945 at Buckner Bay, Okinawa where she was assisted by two salvage tugs in pumping the water out and later towed her to Apra Harbor, Guam.
On 6 September 1945 she was in ABSD 3 where repairs were made to cover the hole before steaming to Puget Sound Naval Yard under her own power for more extensive repairs.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Tom Jacobs.
USN photo courtesy of Joe Radigan.
BB-38 Pennsylvania96kDamage from a torpedo attack on the Pennsylvania (BB-38), 12 August, 1945. Photo from WWII Damage Reports, courtesy of NavSea / dcfp.navy.mil.
BB-38 Pennsylvania18kLine art drawing of Pennsylvania (BB-38), c. 1945. Joe Radigan
BB-38 Pennsylvania71kPennsylvania (BB-38) inboard profile, 1945. Note that her conning tower has been removed. Photo and text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
BB-38 Pennsylvania87kAnd what did you do in the war Daddy? Pennsylvania's (BB-38) score card on Bridge.USN Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Post War / Sinking
BB-38 Pennsylvania87kABSD-3 at Guam, Marianas Islands & the Pennsylvania (BB-38) docked in ABSD-3 after the end of World War II. Note the white boxes on the barge, these are coffins that contain the remains of Pennsylvania crew members killed during the Kamikaze attack on her at Okinawa, 12 August 1945. The island at upper left was built between the two drydocks, ABSD-3 and ABSD-6. (ABSD-6 is to the left of the picture.) The island was built for supplies and Enlisted and Officers Clubs, movie theater, etc.USN photo courtesy of Homer N. Rich Jr. MM3/c USS ABSD-3.
BB-38 Pennsylvania87kABSD-3 crew photo. In the background is the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) in the dock. USN photo courtesy of Homer N. Rich Jr. MM3/c USS ABSD-3.
BB-38 Pennsylvania1.3mBusy port scene at Puget Sound NSY, circa early 1946. Identifiable ships from left to right include in drydock in the upper left the aircraft carrier Ticonderoga (CV-14); escort carrier Steamer Bay (CVE-87) at bottom right of first pier; Pennsylvania (BB-38) at bottom right of second pier getting pushed around by several tugboats, and the escort carrier Kitkun Bay (CVE-71) at the bottom right of third pier. USN Photo courtesy of Joe MacDonald.
Partial photo i.d. courtesy of Fabio Peńa.
BB-38 Pennsylvania212kPennsylvania (BB-38) Plan view from Foremast of Main Deck, looking Fwd., being stripped for the Bikini nuclear test. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1 March 1946. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania190kLooking aft from centerline to starboard from foremast. Note the removed MK.50 Director and GFCS MK57 in addition to the 40mm Quads. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1 March 1946.USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania291kPennsylvania (BB-38) looking Fwd. from Spot 2. Note that two of her four portside 5-Inch 38-caliber mounts have been removed. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1 March, 1946. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania279kPennsylvania (BB-38) looking Fwd. Centerline to Stbd. Camera approximately 3' above MK.34 Director Top. Note the missing 5in.mounts. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1 March, 1946. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania212k Looking aft Centerline to port from foremast. Camera approximately 3' above Top of Main Battery Control. Note SP radar atop her Main Mast. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 1 March, 1946. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania195kPlan view, looking aft from Director. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. 1 March 1946. USN photo and text courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania935k15 March 1946 photo showing the Pennsylvania (BB-38) leaving Puget Sound, Washington heading for the Bikini Atoll. She has been partially stripped for the test as evidenced by the missing portside 5" gun mounts. She is still leaking from the 12 August 1945 Japanese torpedo hit, only repaired enough to make her seaworthy to sail.
This photo was marked: "UTILITY SQUADRON SEVEN DET.'B' ", and, "NOT TO BE USED FOR PUBLICATION BY ORDER OF CHIEF OF BUREAU OF AERO."
USN Photo, BUShips # 113969, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania689k15 March 1946 photo showing the Pennsylvania (BB-38) off Jefferson Point, Washington heading for the Bikini Atoll.
This photo was marked: "UTILITY SQUADRON SEVEN DET.'B' ", and, "NOT TO BE USED FOR PUBLICATION BY ORDER OF CHIEF OF BUREAU OF AERO."
USN Photo, BUShips # 113971, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania231kStarboard broadside photo dated 18 March 1946 showing the ship leaving Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington heading for the Bikini Atoll. Bureau of Ships photo # BS 113975 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania65kAt sea, just prior to the first Bikini Atom Bomb Test on 15 June 1946.NARA # NA-G-627428, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania172k1946 Crew photo.Kory Vaught.
BB-38 Pennsylvania137kJune, 1946 photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) anchored in Bikini Atoll prior to the "Crossroads" nuclear tests. Other test ships can be seen in the background and of particular interest is the hull markings at the bow indicating how much water she is drawing. By the height of the markings, it is obvious that the Navy wasn't sure what would happen to the ship during the blast.USN photo.
BB-33 Arkansas 45k The Arkansas (BB-33) is in the left hand corner of this photo with other test ships at the Bikini Bomb Test, 1946. I believe the New York (BB-34) is in the center, and the Pennsylvania (BB-38) is to her immediate right.
Courtesy of submarinesailor.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania81kBikini Bomb Test, 1946. New York (BB-34) is in the center & Pennsylvania (BB-38) is to the right. USN Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Bikini 1.0mk The underwater test at Bikini shows its terric power amid the anchored vessels, made bare seconds after its release. Photo courtesy of courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-38 Pennsylvania43kA Watercolor by the artist Arthur Beaumont entitled "Pennsylvania (BB-38)". She survived both atomic tests at Crossroads, a fitting testament to a battleship that had been at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Although suffering only minor fire damage, she was heavily contaminated and was scuttled off Kwajalein in 1948.Arthur Beaumont #11 Watercolor, 1946.
Gift of the artist. NHC #88-169-K, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania81k 10 February 1948 photo of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) being scuttled off Kwajalein after being subjected to both "Crossroads" atomic blasts. She was towed to Kwajalein after the explosions and studied there. Too "hot" to handle, she was simply towed to sea and scuttled at the conclusion of the radiation studies.NARA # NA-80-G-705027.
BB-38 Pennsylvania57kFinal moments of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) as she is expended as a target and scuttled off Hawaii on 10 February 1948. A tough ship; she survived both Bikini nuclear tests.NARA # NA-80-G-705028.
BB-38 Pennsylvania108kFinal moments of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) as she is expended as a target and scuttled off Hawaii on 10 February 1948. A tough ship; she survived both Bikini nuclear tests.USN photo.
BB-38 Pennsylvania70kThe Bell of the Pennsylvania (BB-38) on display at Erie Maritime Museum in Erie, PA. Courtesy of Pete Donatucci.
(NISMF)376kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil.
BB-38 Pennsylvania243k Everett Hyland, one of the remaining Pearl Harbor survivors who served aboard the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38), reflects a moment aboard the Arizona Memorial just before a flag raising ceremony on 7 December 2003. Sailors from Naval Medical Clinic Pearl Harbor planned and participated in the ceremony, where a flag was flown over the Arizona Memorial and then sent to Somerset County, Pennsylvania, where it will be flown regularly above the future Flight 93 Memorial, commemorating those who perished in the United Airlines Flight 93 on 11 September 2001.USN photo # N-7391W-044 by Journalist 2nd Class Jim Williams courtesy of news.navy.mil.
World War II Memorial371k A quote made by Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz is inscribed on a granite wall at the National World War II Memorial located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Fleet Adm. Nimitz was the United States signatory to the surrender terms aboard the battleship Missouri (BB-63) in Tokyo Bay, Japan on 2 September 1945, thus ending World War II. Established by the American Battle Monuments Commission, the memorial honors all military veterans of World War II, the citizens on the home front, the nation at large, and the high moral purpose and idealism that motivated the nation's call to arms. On 29 May 2004, the memorial was formally dedicated with an estimated 200,000 people expected to attend, and includes 100,000 visiting veterans of all wars. USN photo # N-0295M-011 by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Daniel J. McLain, courtesy of news.navy.mil.
BB-38 Pennsylvania308kTwo of the Pennsylvania's (BB-38) 14 inch guns on dispaly at the PA Military Museum in Boalsburg PA.Photo from the PA Military Museum in Boalsburg PA, courtesy of Bruce C. Sheehe.

USS PENNSYLVANIA BB-38 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Mr. Jess Dennis
Address: 3053 Birchfield Dr, Memphis, TN, 38127-7403
Phone: 901-357-0263
E-mail: jess@usspennsylvania.com


Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.


Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
BB-38 Web Page By Ken Munro
HyperWar Pacific Theater of Operations.
Pearl Harbor Attack: Commander Battle Force Action Report Naval Historical Center

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