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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-45 USS COLORADO

Radio Call Sign: November - Echo - Charlie - Romeo


Colorado Class Battleship: Displacement 32,600 Tons, Dimensions, 624' (oa) x 97' 4" x 31' 4" (Max). Armament 8 x 16"/45 14 x 5"/51, 4 x 3"/50AA 2 x 21" tt. Armor, 13 1/2" Belt, 18" Turrets, 3 1/2" + 1 1/2" Decks, 16" Conning Tower. Machinery, 28,900 SHP; Turbines with Electric Drive, 4 screws. Speed, 21 Knots, Crew 1080.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by New York Shipbuilding, Camden NJ., May 29, 1919. Launched March 22, 1921. Commissioned August 30, 1923. Decommissioned January 7, 1947. Stricken March 1, 1959.
Fate: Sold July 6, 1959 and broken up for scrap.
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Keel Laying / Commissioning
1919 - 1923

Maryland 597k GIGANTIC PROJECTED AMERICAN WARSHIPS WILL OUTCLASS WORLD'S GREATEST VESSELS
With the picture of the battle cruiser (upper picture) is shown that of the new projected battleship of the Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46), West Virginia (BB-48) and Washington (BB-47). They will be vessels of 32,600 tons, With twenty-one knots speed and carrying eight sixteen inch guns each. There will be twenty-two smaller guns besides four anti-air craft guns and torpedo tubes. Big as these ships will be they will be outclassed by the three still newer battleships already authorized, the ships of the 49, 50, 51 class.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo from The Democratic Banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, 26 December 1916, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-45 Colorado66kColorado class, artwork by F. Muller, circa 1916, depicting a preliminary design for these ships, before the addition of heavier "cage" masts, enlarged superstructure and the elimination of secondary battery gun positions in the hull.USNHC # NH 55271, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado36kColorado (BB-45) under construction in Camden N.J., 1921.Colorado web page.
BB-45 Colorado976kWrite vs. rwong.
THE GARGOYLE FACE of the North Carolina (BB-52), the superdreadnought recently launched at New York, Shipbuilding, Camden, NJ. The weird figurehead is only noticeable from this angle and is formed by the holes in the hawser and anchor chains. The photo gives one a good idea of the sheer cutwater and speedy lines of the new battleship.
It is actually the Colorado (BB-45).
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune.(New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 10 April 1921, Images 58 & 59, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Photo fix courtesy of Tom Kermen INC.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Chuck Haberlein.
BB-45 Colorado127kColorado (BB-45) under construction in Camden N.J., 1921.Digital ID # ggbain 36349v, LC-B2-6056-5. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection.
BB-47 Washington 135k The launching of the Washington (BB-47),at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, Camden, New Jersey, 1 September 1921. Photographed by the Aero Service Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Colorado (BB-45) is fitting out in the wet basin at the end of the covered shipways building.
The two 535-foot passenger liners fitting out in the upper left are S.S. Southern Cross, converted later as the Wharton (AP-7), and S.S. Hoosier State.
Washington's construction ceased in February 1922, under the terms of the Naval Limitations Treaty, and she was sunk as a target in 1924.
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 105177. Donation of Charles R. Haberlein Jr., 2007.
New York, Shipbuilding 98k
Inscription: "Bird's Eye View of New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, N.J." Copyright 1921, this view shows all the elements of the World War I expansion, as well as Yorkship Village rising from the former Cooper farm at top center. The Yard looked much like this when the Washington (BB-47) was constructed here.
Colorado is fitting out in the wet basin at the end of the covered shipways building.
The two 535-foot passenger liners fitting out in the upper left are S.S. Southern Cross, converted later as the Wharton (AP-7), and S.S. Hoosier State.
Photo & partial text courtesy of New York Shipbuilding., yorkship.home.comcast.net. Photo i.d. courtesy of Charles R. Haberlein Jr.
BB-45 Colorado31kColorado (BB-45) under construction in Camden N.J., 1922.Colorado web page.
BB-45 Colorado185kColorado (BB-45) fitting out in Camden N.J., 1922.USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
1923 - Pre Pearl Harbor Attack
BB-45 Colorado50kThe newly commissioned Colorado (BB-45), festooned with signal flags fluttering from her masts. Courtesy of Jon Burdett.
BB-45 Colorado1.00kColorado (BB-45), less than two months after her commissioning and before her maiden voyage to Europe. November 1923.USNI photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-45 Colorado109kSteaming at high speed in 1923, probably during her trials. USNHC # NH 55274, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado291k Colorado (BB-45) comes about after making a wide turn, possibly near San Diego in October 1924.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-45 Colorado67kPort stern view of the Colorado (BB-45) during the mid 1920s.USN photo by Cribb from Jane's Fighting Ships, 1924 & submitted by Robert Hurst.
BB-45 Colorado317kCirca 1920's image of an anchored Colorado (BB-45) in company with other ships of the Pacific fleet. From 1924 to 1941 Colorado operated with the Battle Fleet in the Pacific, participating in fleet exercises and various ceremonies, and returning to the east coast from time to time for fleet problems in the Caribbean. Note her top rear turret has a catapult for the launching of observation planes and the foremast of a tripod mast rising over her bow from a near by anchored warship.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-45 Colorado103kChief Petty Officers study books on "Personnel Management", in the battleship's "Chief's Quarters", circa 1923-25. Note ornate cuckoo clock on the bulkhead in the background. USNHC # NH 90493, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-38 Pennsylvania104kLeading two other battleships during maneuvers, during the 1920s. The other ships are two of these three: Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) and West Virginia (BB-48). USNHC # NH 63346 from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado185kStarboard view of the Colorado (BB-45) underway, circa 1920's. Courtesy of Manuel Tafoya Sr.
BB-45 Colorado97kColorado (BB-45) in heavy seas, circa 1920's. USNHC # NH 64514, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
Southern Cruise100kColorado (BB-45) and other battleships of the Pacific Fleet possibly lying at anchor before the commencement of the Battle Fleet and a division of cruisers from the Scouting Fleet cruise to Australia and New Zealand, 1925. USN photo courtesy of Jerry Crow. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
Southern Cruise89kIn the summer of 1925, the California (BB-44) led the Battle Fleet and a division of cruisers from the Scouting Fleet on a very successful good-will cruise to Australia and New Zealand. The following vessels might be the Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) and West Virginia (BB-48) followed by Tennessee (BB-43) and three older battleships, the New Mexico (BB-40), Mississippi (BB-41) & Idaho (BB-42). Photograph probably taken from the California.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
Southern Cruise90kView from the deck of a one of the battleships looking aft of the Battle Fleet and a division of cruisers from the Scouting Fleet cruise to Australia and New Zealand. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-45 Colorado106kThe United States Battle Fleet steaming in column off the California coast during the middle or later 1920s. The three leading ships are (in no particular order) Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) and West Virginia (BB-48) followed by Tennessee (BB-43) and three older battleships. Photograph taken from California (BB-44).Official USN photo USNHC # 80-G-695093, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-45 Colorado 1.32k Two chicks and a super sedan visit the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in the late 1920's.
The big fighting ship in the background is in for repairs. A few curious sailors appear to be discussing the girls rather than the car.
The Colorado (BB-45) is in the background. This photo dates earlier than 1927 because of the rangefinder attached to the after cage mast. That was removed when the catapult was added to turret III. The catapult was in place by 1927.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Photo from the book Maritime Memories of Puget Sound by Jim Gibbs and Joe Willamson, 1987, via Tommy Trampp.
BB-45 Colorado54kThe photo here might be on the same occasion as the above, but from a different angle. Then again maybe not. It was taken off a 16mm film. Official USN photo courtesy of periscopefilm.com.
Battlefleet44kThe U.S. battlefleet framed through a porthole. It was taken off a 16mm film. Photo might be from the same sequence as above.Official USN photo courtesy of periscopefilm.com.
BB-45 Colorado114kVertical aerial photograph, taken in harbor on 2 May 1927 with three large and five smaller harbor tugs alongside and one astern.USNHC # NH 55272, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado294k Colorado (BB-45) and tugs beside the Leviathan.Photograph courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
BB-45 Colorado103kColorado (BB-45) at Puget Sound Navy Yard on 5 April 1928. Newly installed 5"/25 open mounts and Mark 19 directors, with their altimeters are easily seen. She had also just been fitted with a protected flag battle station and with a powder catapult on her quarterdeck. The bridge has been enlarged. During a previous refit she had been fitted with a 12-foot armored range finder for flag use, on a platform just above the roof of No. 2 turret.
At the same time, air coolers and purifiers had been installed for her plotting room, central station, internal communication room, and torpedo tracking room. Main cage mast behind #2 turret belongs to an unidentified older battleship.
Note: Based purely on appearance, I believe this to be the mainmast of a Pennsylvania class (BB-38 /39) battleship prior to modernization.) The positioning of the yardarms on the front of the mainmast, the positioning of the searchlights approximately 2/3 of the way up the mainmast, and the location and shape of the structure just below the searchlights appears to me to be identical between these two photos.
USN photo. Text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
Photo i.d. & text courtesy of Ronald J. Nash.
BB-47 Washington 284k Colorado (BB-45) leading, Maryland (BB-46) following. The 3 sisters can be distinguished from one another (during the 20's and early 30's) by the forward range dial. Colorado carries hers half below the bottom of the fire control tower, the Maryland carries hers fully on the face of the fire control tower while the West Virginia (BB-48) carries hers like the Colorado but her dials are black with white numbers. Text & photo i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
Photo possibly by Frank Lynch, chief photographer of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, circa 1929.
Photo from the collection of Carrie Schmidt.
BB-45 Colorado307kCirca 1927-29 view of a Navy Vought UO-1 being catapulted off the Colorado (BB-45). US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2011.003.187.028 courtesy of Mike Green.
Battlefleet122kWatercolor of a Presidential review during President Hoover's term of office, 1928-32.
Crews line the rails of a Colorado class (BB-45 / 48) battleship as the ships pass in line astern of the reviewing stand with the airship Los Angeles (ZR-3) piercing the clouds accompanied by 9 biplanes.
Courtesy of Michael Schwarz.
Battlefleet56kView of the U.S. Battlefleet from above, possibly from the airship Los Angeles (ZR-3). Photo courtesy of periscopefilm.com.
BB-45 Colorado72kColorado (BB-45) at sea off Honolulu, Hawaii, during the later 1920s or early 1930s. She has two Loening OL-6 on her turret catapult and one Vought UO or FU aircraft on the stern catapult. USNHC # NH 64516, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado136kBow on view of the Colorado (BB-45) with another battleship in the background, during the later 1920s or early 1930s. USN photo # 80-G-1021421 courtesy of interwarnavy.org via Bill Gonyo.
BB-45 Colorado79kVice Admiral Alfred Wilkinson Johnson commanded the battleship Colorado (BB-45) from 1 January 1931 to 12 December 1931 and was Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Navigation from 9 January 1932 to 5 May 1933. He was advanced to the rank of Rear Admiral in 1933. Prior to this he had commanded several destroyers and the cruiser Richmond (CL-9). USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-45 Colorado616kThe battleship Colorado (BB-45) steams through rough seas circa 1932. Note the hull number painted atop one of the forward turrets and the Vought O3Us positioned on the catapults. National Naval Aviation Museum photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-34 New York413k New York (BB-34) ahead of Pennsylvania (BB-38). The next ship ahead is a Tennessee class (BB-43 /44) based on the slope of the turret roofs. (Uniform slope back to front - no kink like the twin 16" mounts on the Colorado's (BB-45). Based on the relatively full appearance of the forward superstructure, I am leaning toward California (BB-44) which had an enlarged flag bridge as Battle Force Flagship. The other three are obviously Tennessee (BB-43) and/or Colorado class (BB-45 / 48) but are too indistinct to ID specifically. Because of the boom cranes on the sterns, the photo was taken between 1931 and 1934. Photo courtesy of Kerry Garrett.
Photo & text i.d. courtesy of Richard M. Jensen.
BB-40 New Mexico 88k Four photos for the 1933 400 KW Turbine Gear Generator Sets for the battleships:
New Mexico (BB-40), Mississippi (BB-41), Idaho (BB-42), Tennessee (BB-43) & Colorado (BB-45).
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 5
Figure 4
Photos courtesy of Ed Zajkowski.
BB-45 Colorado807kSharp, detailed photo of the Colorado (BB-45), possibly with three Loening OL-6 scout planes on her turret catapults, circa 1930s. National Archives photo # 19-N-14729, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado190kAccompanied by a seagull, the Colorado (BB-45) passes Alcatraz Island, circa 1930's.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
BB-45 Colorado2.5kShown here entering New York in 1934.National Naval Aviation Museum photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-45 Colorado610kAll main batteries trained to starboard; the Colorado (BB-45) is about to provide an answer during a Fleet Problem, circa mid 1930's. USN / National Archives # N-3158, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado79kColorado (BB-45), photographed during the 1930's. USNHC # NH 55275, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-48 West Virginia272kThe West Virginia (BB-48) as flagship for the Commander, Battleship Divisions, Battle Fleet, followed by other battleships steaming in line ahead during the middle through later 1920's.
The aircraft on the turret catapult appears to be a Curtiss SOC (I can't make out the stern aircraft.), so the date has to be mid-to-later 1930s.
The four leading ships behind her are (in no particular order) Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46), California (BB-44) & Tennessee (BB-43).
Text i.d. courtesy of Alan Moore.
Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
BB-45 Colorado171k A Pacific Aerial Survey photo of the Colorado (BB-45), probably at Seattle during Fleet Week, July - August 1935.USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Battleship Row1.80kVery large (1.80k.b) 1936 photo of Battleship Row, Pearl Harbor. Among the ships in the harbor are:
The two New Orleans (CA-32) class cruisers on the far left are the Minneapolis (CA-36) nearer the camera with New Orleans (CA-32) behind. Both have the curved-faced turrets, limiting them to the CA-32/34/36 group. Within that group, only New Orleans lacked the glassed-in navigation bridge (below the pilothouse), and minor superstructure variations point to the other being Minneapolis rather than Astoria (CA-34).
The battleships from left to right: Colorado (BB-45), or West Virginia (BB-48), outboard of Idaho (BB-42), Nevada (BB-36), outboard of Mississippi (BB-41), New Mexico (BB-40), outboard of Maryland (BB-46) or California (BB-44).
On the far right is the Hospital ship Relief (AH-1) with two unidentified ships ahead and to her port side.
Text courtesy of David Johnston, (USNR), Aryeh Wetherhorn (USNR) & Richard Jensen.
Photo courtesy of Edward Cwalinski, submitted by Barry Litchfield.
BB-44 California188kAerial, starboard bow, passing under the Golden Gate Bridge, under construction on 11 October 1936.National Archives # 80-CF-2055-8
BB-45 Colorado19kRear Admiral Wilhelm Lee Friedell. It was during Admiral Wilhelm Lee Friedell's tour as commanding officer of the Colorado (BB-45) that he supervised the search effort for the Amelia Earhart-Fred Noonan plane, lost in the Pacific in 1937. USN photo cropped from photo # 80-G-333978, courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-45 Colorado40kThe Colorado (BB-45) & two destroyers searched in vain during an NROTC cruise from 11 June to 22 July 1937 for the missing Amelia Earhart. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via usscolorado.org. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-45 Colorado200kCapt. Richard Stanislaus Edwards was the commanding officer of the battleship Colorado (BB-45) from 1938 to 1939. USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
BB-45 Colorado52kThe Colorado (BB-45) refueling a destroyer off her port side. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via usscolorado.org. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-45 Colorado114kLate 1930's Long Beach harbor.Paul Ayers / & copy by The Inman Co. Long Beach CA.
BB-45 Colorado108kThis Tobacco card was issued by "John Player and Sons in the U.K. in 1939 and came from a series entitled "Modern Naval Craft".Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Colorado class68k West Virginia (BB-48), Maryland (BB-46) and the Colorado (BB-45) (in the rear) at Pearl Harbor, circa 1939-40. USN photo by Albert Weigandt & submitted by James D. Card, QMCS (SW/AW).
BB-38 Pennsylvania & Colorado class119kPennsylvania (BB-38) & or Colorado (BB-45), Maryland (BB-46) & or West Virginia (BB-48) at 1010 dock sometime after returning to Pearl Harbor, circa 1939-40. USN photo by Albert Weigandt & submitted by James D. Card, QMCS (SW/AW). Partial text courtesy of DANFS. Photo i.d. courtesy of Tom Bateman.
BB-40 New Mexico & family463kProbable front and rear photos here and below showing formations of aircraft flying over U.S. Navy battleships during exercises at sea, circa late 1930's - 1940.
Pictured here is a New Mexico (BB-40 /42) class battleship in the van with other battleships of the Pacific Fleet and a carrier air group, led by the Air Group Commander in a Curtiss SBC Helldiver.
The aircraft following are:
A torpedo squadron of eighteen Douglas TBD-1s;
A bombing squadron of eighteen Northrop BT-1s;
A scouting squadron eighteen Curtiss SBCs;
A fighting squadron of eighteen Grumman F2F-1s or F3F-3s from either the Yorktown (CV-5) or F3F-2s from the Enterprise (CV-6), plus possibly nine additional aircraft.
The Yorktown and Enterprise were the only two carriers whose bombing squadrons were equipped with the Northrop BT-1.
The text for the photo reads:
"The Navy uses enormous amounts of rubber. At least seventy-five tons of rubber, enough to makes 17,000 tires, are used in the construction of each of these battleships. Tons more are needed for the naval planes that are making history over the world. Medical and communication requirements--and countless other needs of the Navy--are met."
The lead BB looks like Mississippi (BB-41) followed by Maryland (BB-46) (rangefinder on Turret II). My first impression of the Tennessee class (BB-43 /44) is the Tennessee (BB-43), but that is not a certain ID from this photo alone. Fourth is the Oklahoma (BB-37) (no birdbath). Aside from the DD now in the lead, I see nothing in the head-on shot aerial that positively differs from the ID's of the first 4 BB's in the first photo. Of course, in the aft aerial shot, BB #5 is the California (BB-44), ID'd by the enlarged flag bridge, lending support to BB #3 in the first photo being Tennessee. Everything I see supports these three photos all being part of the same operation with at least the first 5 BB's remaining in the same order.
Photograph # LC-USE64 - DC-000944 & partial text courtesy of memory.loc.gov.
Battleship i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Aircraft i.d. & text & timeline courtesy of Alan Moore via the following sources: Airplane i.d.: Yorktown Class Carriers (Warship Pictorial No. 9) by Steve Wiper, Tucson, AZ: Classic Warships Publishing, 2000. & That Gallant Ship: U.S.S. Yorktown (CV-5) by Robert Cressman, Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Pub Co, 1985. Timeline from Battleship Arizona: An Illustrated History by Paul Stillwell, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991.
BB-40 New Mexico & family1.62kProbable front and rear photos here and above showing formations of aircraft flying over U.S. Navy battleships during exercises at sea, circa late 1930's - 1940.
In both photos, one of the New Mexico (BB-40 / 42) is leading the BB column while the remaining battleships have dual masthead fire control structures.
The air group formation in the two photos appears to be similar. The composition of 18 TBDs, 18 BT-1s, 18 SBCs, and 27 fighters is easier to distinguish in the front/surface view. I'm assuming, based on total aircraft count alone, that the formation in the rear/aerial view is the same. (The perspective makes it difficult to sort the monoplanes and biplanes into their respective types.) The only difference is that in the front/surface view the formation is lead by a Curtiss SBC Helldiver (likely the Air Group Commander) but in the rear/aerial view that lead Helldiver is not present. I suppose it's possible that the photographer was in that Helldiver's rear seat. What stands out for me is the presence of nine extra fighters beyond the normal squadron composition of 18, as seen in the other three squadrons in this formation.
Photo i.d courtesy of Chuck Haberlein, Richard Jensen, Aryeh Wetherhorn, & Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
Battleship i.d. & text courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Aircraft i.d. & text courtesy of Alan Moore.
US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, photo No. 2008.104.001.234.
BB-39 Arizona1.31kBetween 9 & 13 September 1940 the Arizona (BB-39) was under way with other ships of the US Fleet for simulated fleet engagement. She is pictured here in company with other ships of the Pacific Fleet taken during Fleet Ops. and at least one carrier air group.US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104.001.235 courtesy of Alan Moore.
Text & photo i.d. courtesy of Alan Moore via Battleship Arizona: An Illustrated History by Paul Stillwell, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991.
BB-45 Colorado127k Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, View from the west on 25 July 1941, taken from an aircraft based at Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington. Among the ships present are: Aroostook (AK-44, ex-CM-3), at right, and Prometheus (AR-3), center, alongside the near side of the long pier closest to the camera; Utah (AG-16), in drydock at left; Colorado (BB-45), alongside the middle of the three longest piers; Barnegat (AVP-10) and Biscayne (AVP-11), fitting out on the far side of the most distant long pier; Casco (AVP-12) and Mackinac (AVP-13), under construction in the drydock in the upper left. Official USN photo USNHC # NH 84927, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado138k Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, View from the south on 25 July 1941, taken from an aircraft based at Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington. Among the ships present are: Aroostook (AK-44, ex-CM-3) and Prometheus (AR-3), alongside the left side of the long pier in left center; Utah (AG-16), in drydock in the center of the photo; Colorado (BB-45), alongside the middle of the three longest piers; Barnegat (AVP-10) and Biscayne (AVP-11), fitting out on the right side of the long pier in right center; Casco (AVP-12) and Mackinac (AVP-13), under construction in the drydock at right. Official USN photo USNHC # NH 84926, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado159k Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, View from the north on 25 July 1941, taken from an aircraft based at Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington. Among the ships present are: Barnegat (AVP-10) and Biscayne (AVP-11), fitting out on the left side of the long pier in left center; Casco (AVP-12) and Mackinac (AVP-13), under construction in the drydock at left; Colorado (BB-45), alongside the middle of the three longest piers; Utah (AG-16), in drydock in the center of the photo; Aroostook (AK-44, ex-CM-3) and Prometheus (AR-3), alongside the right side of the long pier in right center. Official USN photo USNHC # NH 84925, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado125k Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington. View from the east on 25 July 1941, taken from an aircraft based at Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington. Among the ships present are: Barnegat (AVP-10) and Biscayne (AVP-11), fitting out on the near side of the long pier nearest the camera; Casco (AVP-12) and Mackinac (AVP-13), under construction in the drydock nearest the camera; Colorado (BB-45), alongside the middle of the three longest piers; Utah (AG-16), in drydock in the right center of the photo; Aroostook (AK-44, ex-CM-3) and Prometheus (AR-3), alongside the far side of the most distant long pier. Aroostook, at left. is being disassembled. Prometheus (AR-3) is being prepared for recommissioning. Official USN photo USNHC # NH 84924, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
WW II
BB-45 Colorado55kOff the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, 9 February 1942, with three Vought OS2U "Kingfisher" floatplanes on her catapults. The main cage mast still remains and the 5in/25cal guns are lacking shields (later fitted.)USNHC # 19-N-28260, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.
BB-45 Colorado85kLots of anti-aircraft 20mm guns in action on the Colorado (BB-45), circa March 1942. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via usscolorado.org.
BB-45 Colorado56kA break in the action finds Colorado's (BB-45) crew catching some needed rest, circa March 1942. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via usscolorado.org.
BB-45 Colorado107k Colorado (BB-45) as configured on 8 November 1942. This is a port broadside view showing the ship as initially rebuilt after the beginning of WW II. Alterations included the cutting down of the cage mainmast, the addition of 20mm A.A. galleries along the stacks and atop the stub mainmast, the removal of the #3 turret mounted catapult and the addition of "Pacific Fleet" type gun shields on the 5-inch deck mounted secondary guns. Photo from the Division of Naval Intelligence, Identification and Characteristics Section, as published in June, 1943. Courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-45 Colorado56kStarboard bow photo of the Colorado (BB-45) at sea on 11 November 1942. Some early WW2 alterations are seen here; the cutting down of the cage mainmast, the addition of 20mm A.A. galleries along the stacks and atop the stub mainmast, and the removal of the #3 turret mounted catapult. Photo from the Division of Naval Intelligence, Identification and Characteristics Section, as published in June, 1943. Courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-45 Colorado77kSignalmen sending a message with semaphore flags, on the Colorado's (BB-45) signal bridge, 29 October 1943. Signalman 2nd Class Kenneth Mitchell is working the flags, as Signalman 3rd Class John Wilson mans the telescope.Official USN photo USNHC # 80-G-56292, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-45 Colorado102k#4 turret firing on 5 November 1943 during the invasion of Tarawa. 20mm guns are visible atop stump cage mainmast.USN photo.
BB-45 Colorado31kColorado (BB-45) bombarding Tarawa, 20 November 1943. Photographed from Maryland (BB-46). Colorado is painted in Camouflage Measure 32, Design 3D. This image has been cropped to emphasize the ship and her camouflage pattern. Official USN photo # 80-G-56232, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-45 Colorado84kFiring her after 16"/45 guns, during preparations for the Tarawa invasion, which took place in late November 1943. Crewmen visible in this photo are not in combat dress, indicating that the view was taken during battle practice.USNHC # K-13670, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-38 Pennsylvania425k The Pennsylvania (BB-38) & Colorado (BB-45) are tied up in port at Pearl Harbor sometime around or after 7 December 1943. Official USN photo # 1-084-13, courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado89k Underway in camoflouge. April, 1944 photo of the Colorado (BB-45) as rebuilt. She had her stump main cage mast removed and replaced by the superstructure assembly shown here. She still carries, and would always do so, her 5"/25 caliber single secondary armament.USN photo.
BB-45 Colorado200kBow view, port side of the Colorado (BB-45) in Puget Sound on 25 April 1944. Bureau of Ships Photo # 1426-44 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado423kStern view, port side of the Colorado (BB-45) in Puget Sound on 25 April 1944. She had been there since leaving the War Zone on 23 February. Joining other units bound for the Mariana Islands operation at San Francisco, Colorado sailed on 5 May 1944.Bureau of Ships Photo # 63816, & 1428-44 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado46kColorado (BB-45) in dry dock, frame 39 looking forward to shell damage. Seattle NARA photo # 3202-44. Record Group 181, 13th Naval District, Records of the Naval District & Shore Establishments.
Photo courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
BB-45 Colorado46kColorado (BB-45) in dry dock, frame 34 looking forward and up to shell damage. Seattle NARA photo # 3207-44. Record Group 181, 13th Naval District,Records of the Naval District & Shore Establishments.
Photo courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
BB-45 Colorado102kColorado (BB-45) in Puget Sound on 21 August 1944. Damage in action of 24 July, 1944 at Saipan. Hit #9 at frame 37 (starboard) 15" below upper deck. Shrapnel damage, left gun Turret # 1 (Turret trained 90 degrees at time of hit). Seattle NARA photo # 2798-44. Record Group 181, 13th Naval District,Records of the Naval District & Shore Establishments.
Photo courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
BB-45 Colorado46kColorado (BB-45) in Puget Sound on 7 September 1944. Damage in action of 24 July, 1944 at Saipan. Hit #1 at frame 61 (starboard) 3 below top of blister Hole in blister plating. Seattle NARA photo # 2777-44. Record Group 181, 13th Naval District, Records of the Naval District & Shore Establishments.
Photo courtesy of Tracy White @ Researcher @ Large.
BB-45 Colorado75kPictured here is the 6 inch shore gun that fired at the Colorado (BB-45) and the Norman Scott (DD-640) on Tinian, 24 July, 1944. Courtesy of Wayne VanDerVoort.
BB-45 Colorado34kMarine honor guard standing at attention during a memorial service.USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels via usscolorado.org.
BB-45 Colorado406kBroadside view, starboard side of the Colorado (BB-45), during her refit trials in Puget Sound, Washington on 2 October 1944. Photo # 3241-44 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado556kStern view, port side of the Colorado (BB-45) in Puget Sound on 2 October 1944. She was refitted with a stump tower mainmast, which replaced her cutdown cage mainmast, a Mark 34main battery director to supplement the old director on the foremast, and Mark 33 5" gun directors.Photo # 3244-44 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado477k Bow view, port side of the Colorado (BB-45) 2 October 1944.Photo # 3246-44 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado116k On post refit trials in Puget Sound, Washington on 3 October 1944. Running at 19.2 knots and creating quite a wake. White colored 5"/25 mounts can be easily picked out; circles indicate quadruple 40mm mounts(ten total). This is her final appearance.USN photo.
BB-45 Colorado463kA broadside photo, possibly on the same date as the above photo during post refit trials in Puget Sound, Washington on 3 October 1944. Running at 19.2 knots and creating quite a wake.BUAIR photo # 194115 courtesy of David Buell.
BB-45 Colorado389kColorado (BB-45), October 1944, on her way across the Pacific with some company. She arrived in Leyte Gulf 20 October 1944 to support American troops fighting ashore.Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
USN photo courtesy of David Buell.
BB-38 Pennsylvania392kA painting by the artist Wayne Scarpaci entitled "We have returned."
The Pennsylvania (BB-38) is moving into bombardment position in Lingayen Gulf during the recapture of the Phillipines, October 1944. In the background are the Colorado (BB-45), the Portland (CA-33) and the Louisville (CA-28). Army P-40's are in the foreground & army B-25's in the background.
Drawing courtesy of artbywayne.com.
BB-38 Pennsylvania540kIn one of the most famous photographs of the war, Pennsylvania (BB-38) in the van at Lingayen Gulf during the recapture of the Phillipines, October 1944. Ships are from front to back: Pennsylvania, Colorado (BB-45), heavy cruisers Louisville (CA-28) and Portland (CA-33) followed by the light cruiser Columbia (CL-56). A wartime censor has removed the radar on Pennsylvania .NARA Photo # HD-SN-99-02614 from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil.
BB-45 Colorado470kTransfer of some sort between the Colorado (BB-45) and an unidentified ship alongside sometime after October 1944.
Looks like they are preparing to refuel/resupply for the the ship from which the photo was taken. Note the crowd on the starboard side and the messanger line between the two ships. The Aircraft have probably been shifted off the catapult to provide more deck space and to clear the radius of action for the stern crane. Although it might be the other way round as BB's often served as tankers/luxury stores (i.e. Ice cream) for thier escorting DDs.
USN photo WAPA 2699 011 courtesy of Joe MacDonald.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn & Joe MacDonald.
BB-45 Colorado602k24 photo PDF of Colorado (BB-45) in action off the Phillipines, October 1944. USN photos courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
BB-45 Colorado1.91kFour photo PDF of Lt.Donovan Carl Larson, USN Ret.) during his WW II service aboard the Colorado (BB-45) as gun captain of a 40mm quadruple mount.Photos courtesy of his son, Jeff Larson.
BB-45 Colorado206kThis photo was originally i.d. as the Maryland (BB-46), but it is fact the Colorado (BB-45).
The Mark 8 fire control and the design of the tower structure is one clue. Comparing it to photos of Colorado and Maryland after their last refits at Puget Sound, the structures were different.
The 20mm battery on the No. 3 turret is another part of it. But the cincher are the SHIELDED open single 5" gunmounts as opposed to the dual 5" turrets.
The Colorado has the distinction of being the only battleship of the Pacific fleet not to be in Pearl Harbor on December 7. She was in Bremerton for a refit which got cut short when she suddenly became the only fighting BB on the West coast. As a result her updates tended to come later than her sisters, both of whom were sufficiently dammaged to require yard time and thus the time was used to give them the update that the Colorado was supposed to have gotten in December 1941/January 1942. All the while the Colorado was gaurding the coast and escorting convoys. The result is that she retained her prewar battery of single 5" AA guns. sometime after October 1944.
Also note the Kingfishers alongside the middle level of the rear turrets instead of them being on the stern catapults.
USN photo WAPA 2699 010 courtesy of Joe MacDonald.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn & Joe MacDonald.
BB-45 Colorado66kColorado (BB-45) firing her after 16"/45 guns during the pre-invasion bombardment of Okinawa, 29 March 1945. Photographed from Minneapolis (CA-36).Official USN photo USNHC # 80-G-316831, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-45 Colorado73kOil on canvas painting by the artist Anthony Saunders entitled "Colorado at Okinawa."
The Colorado (BB-45) holds the all time record of 37 consecutive days of firing at an enemy and the record of 24 direct enemy air attacks in 62 days both while at Okinawa.
Text and drawing courtesy of naval-art.com
Post War / Scrapping
BB-45 Colorado510kThe Colorado (BB-45) arrives at San Francisco, California, on 15 October 1945, following the end of World War II. Note that the ship's crew is manning the rails (all dressed in "blues") on a foggy day, and with what appears to be a long "homeward bound" pennant streaming from her stern aircraft crane.
I'd have to guess that the "Allied Photographers" 1946 copyright date represents the year the copyright action was taken, not the year of the photo (as I have a hard time believing that the crew was sent out to man the rails again after the "grand ceremonial homecoming". It was certainly not taken when the ship was placed out of commission, as by that time she hadn't been to sea in about a year, and probably had only a very small "caretaker" crew.
As for the absence of flags (presumably at bow and stern), that means nothing other than the fact that, when photographed, the ship was not moored or at anchor. When a USN ship is underway, the National Ensign is flown from the mast (as seen in the photo). When she is moored or at anchor, the jack is flown forward and the National Ensign is flown at the stern.
USN photo # 100229 by Allied Photographers & submitted by Pieter Bakels.
Text courtesy of Chuck Haberlein.
BB-45 Colorado55kColorado (BB-45) arrives at San Francisco, California, on 15 October 1945, following the end of World War II. USNHC # NH 66442, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-46 Maryland774kColorado (BB-45) and Maryland (BB-46) shown docked at San Diego, California on 14 November 1945. Both ships, taking part in "Magic Carpet" duties, have just finished bringing a load of veterans from Pearl Harbor Navy Yard to San Diego. Source: United States National Archives, Photo No. 80-G-354581 courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-45 Colorado72kColorado (BB-45) at Puget Sound NSY, 1946. Photo courtesy of Joseph MacDonald & Pieter Bakels. Photo I.d. by Mike Green.
Puget Sound NSY102kThe Alabama (BB-60) is seen tied up to pier 90 at Puget Sound Navy Yard in September, 1946. Directly behind her is the Bunker Hill (CV-17). The foremast and bridge of either the Colorado (BB-45) or Maryland (BB-46) is moored several piers away.Courtesy of Mike Green from Leeward Publications/ SHIP'S DATA (2 & 3) Naval Supply News, Volume 5, No. 18, 6 September 1946 by the U.S. Naval Station at Seattle, Washington.
Puget Sound NSY94kThe Alabama (BB-60) is seen at Puget Sound Navy Yard in September, 1946 being maneuvered by tugs into position in the slipway between pier 90 and pier 91. She was placed in commission in reserve on 21 August 1946 and will be joined by her sister Indiana (BB-58) in a few days. The carrier next to her is the Bunker Hill (CV-17) and the Colorado (BB-45) or Maryland (BB-46) can be seen in the background, several piers away.Courtesy of Mike Green from Leeward Publications/ SHIP'S DATA (2 & 3) Naval Supply News, Volume 5, No. 18 - 6 September 1946 by the U.S. Naval Station at Seattle, Washington.
BB-45 Colorado381kNewspaper articles on the fate of the Colorado (BB-45) from 1946 - 59.Photo courtesy of Ron Reeves HTC (ret.)
Puget Sound NSY1.10kPuget Sound NSY around 1948. There are five mothballed Essex class (CV-9) carriers at the left. To the right of the carriers are five battleships. I believe they are Alabama (BB-60), West Virginia (BB-48), Maryland (BB-46), Indiana (BB-58), Colorado (BB-45).USN Photo courtesy of Joe MacDonald.
BB-58 Indiana 63k June 1955, tied up, Indiana (BB-58) is at Pier D, Puget Sound Navy Yard, part of the mothballed fleet. The battleship alongside it is the Colorado (BB-45). USN photo courtesy of ussindianabb58.com.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-45 Colorado1.49kAWAITING SCRAP HEAP
Now in Bremerton group of the Pacific reserve fleet, the mothballed Colorado (BB-45) awaits sale and cutting up for scrap. To be scrapped with her are sister ships Maryland (BB-46) and West Virginia (BB-48), also at BremGroup, and the California (BB-44) & Tennessee (BB-43), both mothballed at Philadelphia.
Bremerton Sun photo submitted by Joe MacDonald.
Photo added 06/15/15.
BB-45 Colorado1.85kFINAL VOYAGE
Attended by a bevy of tugs, battleship Colorado (BB-45) made her last trip through Rich passage yesterday afternoon. She was towed to Todd Shipyard in Seattle to be cut up for scrap.
Bremerton Sun photo, 24 July 1959, submitted by Joe MacDonald.
Photo added 06/15/15.
BB-45 Colorado224kColorado (BB-45) about to start the scrapping process in Todd Shipyard in Seattle in 1959. It would take almost two years to finish.Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado258kStart of the scrapping of the conning tower in Todd Shipyard in Seattle in 1959.Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado332kThe last remnant of the scrapping of the superstructure.Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado243k16" inch guns being cut up for scrap. In this view, both after turrets are trained as far forward to starboard as their stops allow.Text courtesy of Joe Barr.
Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado288kThe old wooden #3 drydock at Todd Shipyard in Seattle in 1960 following the ship's scrapping. The crane is just about to lift the ship’s final piece off the keel blocks in Todd Seattle’s #3 floating drydock.
In the near background on the right is Queen Anne Hill with more distant Magnolia on the left. During the scrapping process the shipyard was faced with the problem of removing tons of cement backing up the armor belt. Someone decided the best bet would be dynamite. It worked fine but the containment failed and a chunk the size of a car was blasted out of the yard and into a parking lot where it flattened a 1955 Chevy pickup trunk.
Text i.d. courtesy of Joe Barr.
Text courtesy of Jack Erskine, Port Orchard, WA.
Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado303kThe last section being unloaded from the shipyard into Bethlehem Steel's railroad gondola, enroute to being melted as scrap steel. Text courtesy of Joe Barr.
Photo courtesy of usscolorado.org
BB-45 Colorado952kMemories of Colorado (BB-45): Pennant and Jack & Teak Gangway made by Sea Cadets, 1960 Photos courtesy of Ron Reeves.
(NISMF)371kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil, Defense Visual Information Center.
World War II Memorial371kA quote made by Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz is inscribed on a granite wall at the National World War II Memorial located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Fleet Adm. Nimitz was the United States signatory to the surrender terms aboard the battleship Missouri (BB-63) in Tokyo Bay, Japan on 2 September 1945, thus ending World War II. Established by the American Battle Monuments Commission, the memorial honors all military veterans of World War II, the citizens on the home front, the nation at large, and the high moral purpose and idealism that motivated the nation's call to arms. On 29 May 2004, the memorial was formally dedicated with an estimated 200,000 people expected to attend, and includes 100,000 visiting veterans of all wars. USN photo # N-0295M-011 by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Daniel J. McLain, courtesy of news.navy.mil.

USS COLORADO BB-45 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Mr. Andy Andresen
Address: 16436 14th Ave SW Seattle, WA, 98166-2820
Phone: 800-472-7860
Fax: 206-243-0493
E-mail: Andy@usscolorado.org


Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.


Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
www.usscolorado.org

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