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NavSource Online: Aircraft Carrier Photo Archive


Courtesy of CAPT Gene Oleson, CHC, USN (Ret)
(bluejacket.com)

USS LANGLEY   (CV-1)
(formerly Jupiter (Collier #3); later AV-3)


Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons



Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row (as Jupiter): Mexican Service Medal / World War I Victory Medal ("Transport" clasp)
2nd Row (as Langley): American Defense Service Medal ("Fleet" clasp) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal / World War II Victory Medal

Langley Class Aircraft Carrier
Awarded Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Stricken
(unknown) 18 Oct 1911 24 Aug 1912 7 Apr 1913
20 Mar 1922
24 Mar 1920
8 May 1942
Builder: Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, Calif.

Fate: Bombed by Japanese aircraft, 27 February 1942, and scuttled by her escorting destroyers, about 75 miles south of Tjilatjap, Java.

16 of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on duty.


Specifications
(As converted to a carrier, 1922)
Displacement: 13,990 tons standard; 15,150 tons full load
Dimensions (wl): 520' x 65' 3" x 22' 1" (full load)  /  158.5 x 19.9 x 6.7 meters
Dimensions (max.): 542' 2.5" x 65' 6"  /  165.3 x 20 meters
Armor: None
Power plant: 3 boilers (190 psi); geared turbines and electric drive; 2 shafts; 6,500 shp
Speed: 15.5 knots
Endurance:
Armament: 4 single 5"/51 gun mounts
Aircraft: 34
Aviation facilities: 1 elevator; 1 catapult (second catapult added soon afterwards)
Crew: 468 (ship's company + air wing)
Click on Thumbnail
for Full Size Image
Size Image Description Source
Namesake

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CV-1 was named after Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906), American astronomer, physicist, and pioneer in the development of heavier-than-air craft.

Portrait of Samuel Pierpont Langley Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 15, Folder 8, 2002-12174.jpg.
Conversion

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Postcard photo showing Langley during her conversion to an aircraft carrier, 1921.

Chuck White
Date Unknown Images

NS020110
184k An undated photo of the interior of the Langley, showing a Vought O2U Corsair on the elevator. USN

NS020111
39k Believed to have been taken at Pearl Harbor. Date unknown. Ric Hedman

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60k

Closeup of view above.

Her bridge, unaltered since her days as a collier, can be seen forward, below the flight deck and just aft of one of her 5" guns.

Ric Hedman
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1), date and place unkown.

From the collection of LCDR Thomas A. Donegan (Ret).

Mike Donegan, son of LCDR Thomas A. Donegan
CV-1 Langley
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Landing aboard Langley.

Richard Huber, for his uncles Raymond ("Fergie") and Harry ("Pop") Ferguson, who served in the Navy for 30 years.
CV-1 Langley
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At anchor, crew manning the rail.

CV-1 Langley
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Aerial view.

Robert Hurst
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1), color ship profile drawing.

Courtesy of ©Windjammer-Arts Naval Art & Aviation Art
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1), date and location unknown. Official U.S. Navy photo.

Gerhard L. Mueller-Debus
CV-1 Langley
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50k

USS Langley (CV-1) is seen at anchor at an unknown date/location. Ship's boats are at her port side and some of her boilers are lit. Langley was converted from the collier USS Jupiter (AC-3) to an aircraft carrier at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard.

Mike Green

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USS Langley (CV-1). Date and location unknown.

Robert M. Cieri
The 1920s

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An Aeromarine 39-B piloted by LCDR Godfrey DeC. Chevalier, Naval Aviator #7, making the first landing on USS Langley (CV-1) on 26 October 1922. Photo U.S. Navy.

Robert Hurst

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USS Langley (CV-1) early in her career (note single stack to port). Photo is stamped on back: "Chief of Information. Navy Department. Washington, 25 D.C."

Jim Bulebush

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USS Langley (CV-1) at anchor, with an Aeromarine 39-B airplane landing on her flight deck, circa 1922.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 63545).

NHC

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This is a Mare Island Navy Yard reprint of a photo of USS Langley (CV 1) circa 1922.

US Navy photo, file name "CV 1 5902-43".

Darryl Baker

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Aeromarine 39-B airplane approaching the flight deck of USS Langley (CV-1) during landing practice, 19 October 1922.

Courtesy of the U.S. Naval Institute Photographic Collection.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 93178).

NHC

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Aircraft in the ship's hangar, during the 1920s. The larger plane in the foreground is a Douglas DT torpedo bomber, with its wings removed. Other aircraft are Vought VE-7s of Fighting Squadron Two (VF-2), including Bureau #s A5936 (marked "2-F-9") and A5938 (marked "2-F-8"). The ship's boats are stowed along the hangar sides.

Naval Historical Center photo # NH 72927; courtesy of LT Gustave J. Freret, USN (Ret) (1970).

NHC
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1) off Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1923.

Gerd Matthes, Germany
CV-1 Langley
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Aerial, bow on, plane on deck. August 3, 1923.

National Archives image # 80-G-185887.

National Archives
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1) moored at North Island, California, 1924.

National Naval Aviation Museum photo (# 1996.488.010.009).

Mike Green
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1) in the Panama Canal, 16 November 1924.

Gerd Matthes, Germany
CV-1 Langley
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"Fleet Plane Carrier on Night Maneuvers," circa 1925.

Robert M. Cieri
Thomas M. McDermott

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USS Langley (CV-1) barely underway in calm waters, January 1925, location unknown (somewhere in the Pacific), with a Vought VE-7 about to land amidst a flock of birds.

A safety net is rigged aft, below flight-deck level, and the funnels are lowered. The calm waters and the fact the carrier is making little way suggest a negligible wind-over-deck; however, the flight deck presents no obstacles for the pilot to be wary of.

Robert Hurst

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108k

USS Langley (CV-1) docked at the carrier pier at Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California, with a Douglas DT-2 airplane taking off from her flight deck. This photo may have been taken during catapult tests in 1925.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (photo # NH 47024).

Scott Dyben

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USS Langley (CV-1). Probably taken at about the same time as the photo above.

Robert M. Cieri

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Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, USN, Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics (right) observing aircraft operations on board USS Langley (CV-1), circa 1925-26. At left is Captain Joseph M. Reeves, Commander, Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet.

Collection of Lieutenant Gustave J. Freret, USN (Retired), 1972.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 81154).

NHC

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Aft starboard quarter view of USS Langley (CV 1) circa 1926 place unknown.

US Navy photo file name "CV 1 1132-37".

Darryl Baker
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley underway, circa 1926.

Charles Hansen collection
CV-1 Langley
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2.38M

USS Langley (CV-1) with Vought VE-7 aircraft on deck, at anchor off Culebra Island, Puerto Rico, on 18 March 1926. In the background are 4 four-stack destroyers and a Tennessee (BB-43/44)-class battleship on the left, and two New Mexico (BB-40/42)-class battleships (center and right). The original photo was labeled "Harbinger" to show symbolically how the unimposing Langley was the first of a line of ships which eventually drove the battleship from its primary place into the background.

USN photo via National Naval Aviation Museum
CV-1 Langley
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Different angle of the above photo: Langley (CV-1) and battleships at anchor off Culebra Island, Puerto Rico, 18 March 1926.

USN photo NARA II 80-G-185902, via Tracy White, Researcher @ Large
CV-1 Langley
NS014827s
240k

With USS West Virginia (BB-48) and the Brooklyn Bridge in the background, the loaded, narrow flight deck of the airplane carrier USS Langley (CV‑1) is moored at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in May 1927. Langley had suffered a generator explosion and was in the process of being repaired after having been towed to the Navy Yard. The planes are Boeing FB-5's and Curtiss TS-1's.

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, photo # 1996.253.7128.001.

(Photo id. courtesy of Charles Sauer.)

Mike Green
CV-1 Langley
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206k

Underway, aircraft on deck. June 1927.

National Archives image # 80-G-460108.

National Archives
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley (CV-1) underway following unidentified US battleships, June 1927, location unknown.

Robert Hurst

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USS Langley (CV-1) in Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, with 34 planes on her flight deck, May 1928. Note booms rigged out from her sides.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-424475).

Scott Dyben

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USS Langley (CV-1) underway off San Diego, California, 1928, with Vought VE-7 aircraft on her flight deck. USS Somers (DD-301) is in the background.

Collection of Lieutenant Gustave J. Freret, USN (Retired), 1972.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 81279).

Joe Radigan
CV-1 Langley
NS020210
192k

USS Lexington (CV-2), top; USS Saratoga (CV-3), with her distinctive funnel stripe; and USS Langley (CV-1) , accross the pier from Saratoga. Bremerton, Washington, 11 November 1929.

From the collection of Joseph P. English. Contributed by his son, George E. English.

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69k

Late 1920s image.

Manuel D. Tafoya, Sr.
CV-1 Langley
NS020102
138k Late 20's Early 30's Image of Langley underway. USN
CV-1 Langley + BB-39 Arizona
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USS Langley (CV-1) and USS Arizona (BB-39) at Naval Air Station San Diego, CA., late 1920s.

USN / Joe Radigan
The 1930s
CV-1 Langley
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96k

"Aircraft Carrier Langley." (From a Russian publication).

This drawing shows Langley about 1930, after the removal of her catapult.

Alex Tatchin
CV-1 Langley
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110k

Transitting the Panama Canal, circa 1930.

Robert Hurst
CV-1 Langley
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USS Langley in Dry Dock No. 2, at Navy Yard, Puget Sound, January 1930. Note portable sanitary lines and staging around the stern.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
CV-1 Langley
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152k

At anchor off Cristobal, Panama Canal Zone, 1 March 1930, in her final configuration as a carrier. The flight-deck masts could be dismounted for flight operations and her two flight-deck catapults had been removed. Note two tiltable funnels to port.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-185915).

Two of her four 5" guns can be seen, forward and aft. (Thanks to Robert Hurst).

NHC
CV-1 Langley
NS020138
46k

USS Langley (CV-1) underway, October 1931, with an aircraft about to land, location unknown (USN photo).

Robert Hurst

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55k

Holystoning the deck, 1931. Photo taken by Preston E. Cloud, scanned with permission.

Chuck White

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58k

On September 23, 1931. LT Alfred M. Pride piloted the Navy's first rotary wing aircraft, a Pitcairn XOP-1 autogyro, in landings and takeoffs aboard Langley while underway.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White

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110k

Captain Steele, in command of Carrier Division One, SCOFOR, inspects the crew of USS Langley on September 24, 1931.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White

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52k

A biplane takes off from Langley, circa 1931-32.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White

NS020131
39k

USS Langley moored pierside at NAS North Island, San Diego, circa 1931-32. Photo by Teddy Krueger, USS Holland (AS-3).

Rick Larson, MMCM(SS) ret.

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71k

USS Langley (right) moored pierside at NAS North Island, San Diego, circa 1931-32. USS Holland (AS-3) is nearest camera. Ship in the center of the photo is USS Wright (AV-1). Photo by Teddy Krueger, USS Holland.

Rick Larson, MMCM(SS) ret.

NS020126
72k

Fleet Review off New York City, 31 May 1934 — Ships of the Fleet Train maneuvering during the review. USS Langley (CV-1) is in the lower right. Crossing her bow is USS Melville (AD-2), led by either USS Dobbin (AD-3) or USS Whitney (AD-4). Leading the next line is USS Relief (AH-1), followed by two oilers and another auxiliary. Nine battleships are in the distance, making a column turn to port.

Collection of Vice Admiral Dixwell Ketcham, USN.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 95716).

NHC

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Stacks down, flight quarters, South Pacific, probably in the mid-1930s. USS Cole (DD-155) in the foreground.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White

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USS Langley (CV-1), Panama Canal (mid-1930s?).

Jim Millholland, via Alan Cole

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Panama Canal, circa 1935–1936.

Cliff Coffey. Photo taken by Cliff's grandfather, US Army

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100k

Broadside view of USS Langley (CV 1) circa 1936 shortly before conversion.

US Navy photo file name "CV 1 9106-5-51".

Darryl Baker
Memorabilia

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344k

Christmas card, year unknown.

Robert M. Cieri
Models

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72k

Model on display at the National Naval Aviation Museum, Pensacola, Florida. Photos taken on 13 June 2008.

Photos by Judson Phillips

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75k

NS020146b
84k

For more photos and information about this ship, see:

View the USS Jupiter (Collier # 3) / USS Langley (CV-1 / AV-3)
DANFS History entry located on the Hazegray & Underway Web Site.

Crew Contact and Reunion Information Web Sites
U.S.Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Related Links
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official U.S. Navy Carrier Website
The First Aircraft Carriers Part One: The First American Flattops- Langley, Lexington and Saratoga, an article by Father Steve Dundas
U.S.S. Langley (CV-1) By Chuck White.

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Last update: 19 July 2014