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NavSource Online: Escort Carrier Photo Archive

USS GUADALCANAL   (CVE-60)
(later CVU-60)

(Ex- ASTROLABE BAY)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign: November - X-ray - Victor - Lima

CLASS - CASABLANCA
Displacement 7,800 Tons, Dimensions, 512' 3" (oa) x 65' 2" x 22' 4" (Max)
Armament 1 x 5"/38AA 8 x 40mm, 12 x 20mm, 27 Aircraft.
Machinery, 9,000 IHP; 2 Skinner, Uniflow engines, 2 screws
Speed, 19 Knots, Crew 860.

Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons

   

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row: Presidential Unit Citation
2nd Row: American Campaign Medal / European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (3 stars) / World War II Victory Medal

Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
Name
Astrolabe Bay
NS0306022
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AVG-60 (later ACV-60, CVE-60 and CVU-60) was initially named Astrolabe Bay for a bay (NS0306022) between Astrolabe Peninsula and Boussole Head, in Glacier Bay, Alaska. It was named in 1883 by George Davidson, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS), for L'Astrolabe (under Paul-Antoine Fleuriot, Vicomte de Langle), one of the two ships of the French scientific expedition under Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, which explored the region in 1786. Interestingly, the Geographic Dictionary of Alaska (1906) lists an Astrolabe Point but not an Astrolabe Bay. Anyway, the name Astrolabe Bay was assigned to ACV-60 on 22 January 1943.

Renamed Guadalcanal, 3 April 1943, to commemorate the recent successful conclusion of the arduous six-month campaign to wrest the island by that name from Japanese hands.

The Japanese invaded Tulagi in the Solomon Islands (3–4 May 1942), and subsequently occupied some of the neighboring islands including Guadalcanal, a volcanic island approximately 90 miles long and 25 miles wide (NS0306022a). When Allied planners learned in early July that the Japanese began building an airfield at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal, they grew concerned that enemy planes flying from the field could savage Allied ships supplying eastern Australia, and support further Japanese landings on the chain of islands stretching across the South Pacific. The Americans consequently resolved to deny the area to the enemy before they could turn it into a bastion and landed on Japanese-held Guadalcanal, Florida, Gavutu, Tanambogo, and Tulagi on 7 August 1942 during Operation Watchtower—the first U.S. land offensive of WWII.

The Americans cleared the other islands of the Japanese during fierce fighting, but the Japanese bitterly contested the landings on Guadalcanal. The fighting raged for months as the enemy poured reinforcements into the island to drive the Americans into the sea. However, despite horrific casualties, the Americans gradually won the battle of attrition and drove the enemy across Guadalcanal. The Japanese reluctantly decided to evacuate Guadalcanal, and their organized resistance on the island ended on 9 February 1943, following the final evacuation of their main forces. The Allied victory proved a costly one but rolled the Japanese back from threatening the maritime lifeline to Australia and thrusting at the South Pacific islands.

NS100302004: US Marine Corps LVT(1) amphibian tractors move toward the beach on Guadalcanal Island. This view was probably taken during the 7–9 August 1942 initial landings on Guadalcanal. USS President Hayes (AP-39) is in the background. Naval History & Heritage Command (NHHC) photo, # NH 97749.

(Maps courtesy of Google Maps.)

NavSource
Guadalcanal
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Guadalcanal
NS100302004
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World War II
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Guadalcanal was built by Kaiser Shipbuilding Co., Vancouver, Washington, and launched on Saturday, 5 June 1943. She was sponsored by Mrs. Alvin I. Malstrom.

Courtesy of the USS Guadalcanal Task Group 22.3 Association,
via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Undated (but probably 1943) photo of a TBM-1C Avenger, part of Composite Squadron Forty-Two (VC-42), in flight over USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) in the Pacific War Zone.

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No.1996.253.1429.

Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306015
52k

Composite Squadron (VC) 63 patch, Walt Disney design, Big Bad Wolf. VC-63 was aboard USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), September–October 1943.

Tommy Trampp
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306005
212k USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60). EMC(SW) Brian Kroenung
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306020
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) passing through Panama Canal, canal lock Pacific side, 26 November 1943.

National Archives photo.

Courtesy of the
USS Guadalcanal - Task Group 22.3 - Association, via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306020a
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) entering the Main Cut, Panama Canal, 26 November 1943, on her way to the Atlantic Ocean.

National Archives photo.

CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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A nice aerial view of USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) underway, circa 1944.

EMC(SW) Brian Kroenung
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Flying operations were discontinued on USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) due to rough weather on 11 January 1944. Heavy weather often made flying conditions difficult during this cruise.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) photo.

Courtesy of the
USS Guadalcanal - Task Group 22.3 - Association, via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306016
73k

USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) in Casablanca, French Morocco, for refueling, 28–30 March 1944.

National Archives photo.

Courtesy of the
USS Guadalcanal - Task Group 22.3 - Association, via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306028
56k

German submarine U-68, Type IXC, was sunk with machine gun fire, rockets and depth bombs by two TBF/TBM-1C Avengers—LT S.G. Parsons (plane # 24), and LT H.E. Hoerner (# 22)—and one FM-2 Wildcat—LCDR Richard K. Gould (# 4)—from VC-58, operating off USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60). Date was 10 April 1944, position 33°24'N, 18°59'W (mid-Atlantic, northwest of Madeira). Fifty-six German sailors perished, and a single survivor was rescued by USS Chatelain (DE-149).

Damage to the underside of the starboard wing of LT(JG) Parsons's aircraft, caused by U-68's anti-aircraft fire.

USN
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60). View from the flight deck, in a steep turn.

Photo by James Cox Davis, who was aboard at the time of the capture of U-505.

Mike Davis, for his father James Cox Davis
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306001
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USS Guadalcanal leaves Norfolk on her third ASW cruise, 15 May 1944. Photo taken by squadron ZP-14 off the East Coast. Guadalcanal is in camouflage Measure 32 Design 4A. The vertical colors should be Navy Blue, Haze Blue, Light Blue and Pale Blue.

"The Guadalcanal (CVE-60) operated in the Atlantic and, like other ships of the class assigned to antisubmarine escort duties, was equipped with a high-frequency direction-finding antenna on a pole mast forward of the island. She carried the standard class armament of a single 5-inch/38-caliber dual-purpose gun at the stern, eight twin 40-mm Bofors antiaircraft mounts paired on the gallery deck at the four corners of the flight deck, and 20 single 20-mm Oerlikons spaced along the gallery deck. Six Avengers and eight Wildcats are on deck in this May 1944 view."

(Quoted text from the April 2007 issue of Naval History Magazine, US Naval Institute, via Joe Radigan.)

USN
Larger copy courtesy of C. Lee Johnson, usndazzle.com,
via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306024
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), Third ASW Cruise, Track Charts (Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure C), 15 May–19 June 1944.

USN
Capture of U-505, 4 June 1944

See also WWII U-Boats, U-505, available at NavSource.

Read "Capture of U-505 on 4 June 1944," available at the Naval History & Heritage Command website.

CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) with captured German submarine U-505 alongside, off the coast of Africa, 4 June 1944.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) photo, # 80-G-49170.

US Navy Photo, thanks to Jim Kurrasch, Battleship Iowa, Pacific Battleship Center
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002a
237k

"Gallery's hunters bring one back alive."

Reprint of an original painting from the Librascope collection depicting the boarding of U-505.

Robert Hurst
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002b
82k

"Part III, The Capture" and "Conclusion" as reported by CAPT D. V. Gallery.

Naval History & Heritage Command
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Aerial view of one of the boarding parties as they came alongside of sub.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 429.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002k
62k

Aerial view of one of the boarding parties, showing USS Chatelain (DE-149) closing in on German sub U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 430.

USN
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Aerial view of German submarine U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 431.

USN
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Aerial view of German submarine U-505, just after crew abandoned ship.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 432.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002r
319k

View from the bow of U-505, showing salvage crew.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 439.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002e
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View from the bow of U-505, showing salvage crew on the sub's deck and USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) in the background.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 440.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002q
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Port side of conning tower of German sub U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 442.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002p
401k

View from fantail of ship showing salvage crew aboard German sub U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 443.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002o
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Salvage crew aboard German sub U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 444.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002n
403k

U.S. Colors flying over captured German submarine U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 446.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002m
237k

A TBM-1C Avenger from Composite Squadron (VC) 8, USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), circling captured German submarine U-505.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 447.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002i
349k

German sub survivors coming aboard.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 450.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal, U-505
NS0850502
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A boarding party from USS Pillsbury (DE-133) works to secure a tow line to the newly captured German submarine U-505, 4 June 1944. Note the large U.S. flag flying from the periscope. While U-505 has been on exhibit at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago since 1954, this periscope has been missing from the submarine since the Navy removed it for testing after World War II. The two were reunited when the periscope was discovered during the demolition of the Navy's old Arctic Submarine Laboratory in Point Loma, Calif., and it was sent to the museum. It would be reinstalled during the U-boat's extensive restoration.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 455.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), photo # 80-G-49172.

USN
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Salvage crew hauling tow line aboard sub.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 456.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Motor whale boat fouled on tow line.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 457.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002c
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USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) conducting flight operations while towing U-505 on 4 June 1944. The captured submarine was being towed toward Bermuda until the fleet tug USS Abnaki (ATF-96) rendezvoused with the task group and took over towing duties. The group arrived in Bermuda 19 June 1944.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 464.

Source: United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), photo No. unknown.

Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002f
431k

German crewmen from the captured submarine, U-505, ascend a Jacobs ladder to board USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60). With them, they bring the body of the only casualty, a German sailor killed by strafing when he attempted to man a gun on board the U-boat, 4 June 1944.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) photo, # 80-G-49173.

NARA
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002g
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Wounded German survivor being hoisted aboard in stretcher.

Task Group 22.3 Report, Enclosure G, Photograph 452.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306002d
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A TBM Avenger recovering aboard USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), while she was towing U-505 on 4 June 1944. The escort carrier kept up flight operations for days while the captured submarine was being towed toward Bermuda until the fleet tug USS Abnaki (ATF-96) rendezvoused with the task group and took over towing duties. The group arrived in Bermuda 19 June 1944.

Source: United States National Archives and Records Administration, photo No. 80-G-49174.

Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306012
57k

Captain Daniel V. Gallery, Jr., USN (left) and Lieutenant Junior Grade Albert L. David, USN photographed aboard USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) in June 1944. On 4 June 1944 LT(JG) David led the boarding party that took control of the German submarine U-505 after it was forced to surface by Guadalcanal's task force. This capture of an enemy warship on the high seas was the first by the U.S. Navy since 1815. Albert David, who died on 17 September 1945, was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his leadership and bravery during this action.

USS Gallery (FFG-26) was named after RADM Daniel Vincent Gallery and his brothers, RADM William Onahan Gallery and RADM Philip Daly Gallery. USS Albert David (DE-1050, later FF-1050) was named after LT Albert Leroy David.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (# 80-G-49177).

Naval History & Heritage Command
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306013
82k

Halftone reproduction of a photograph taken soon after U-505's capture (4 June 1944), copied from the "USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) Memory Log, " page 28.

U.S. Naval Officers shown on the submarine's conning tower are, from left to right: Commander Earl Trosino, USNR; Captain Daniel V. Gallery, Jr., USN, Commanding Officer, USS Guadalcanal; and Lieutenant Junior Grade Albert L. David, USN, who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for leading the boarding party that captured the submarine and carried out initial salvage operations.

Note the United States flag flying above the German Navy ensign. U-505 was the first enemy warship captured on the high seas by the U.S. Navy since 1815.

Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, DC.

Naval History & Heritage Command photo (# NH 105857).

Naval History & Heritage Command
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306013a
244k

U.S. Colors fly over captured U-505. Note U-505's emblem, a seashell, painted on the sail.

Bob Canchola, BT, USN (Ret.)
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306004
174k

USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) photographed from a ZP-24 blimp while steaming off Hampton Roads, Virginia on 28 September 1944. Her reported position was 36-56N, 74-50W, course 095. Planes parked on her flight deck include twelve TBM/TBF Avenger torpedo bombers and nine FM/F4F Wildcat fighters. Guadalcanal is painted in what appears to be a modified version of Camouflage Measure 32, Design 4A.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command (# NH 106567).

Naval History & Heritage Command
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306011
77k

USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) photo # 846, 11 October 1944, 2,600th landing, Composite Squadron 69 (VC-69).

Harold Ryan
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306017
145k

Gale and hurricane weather, 17 October 1944. Seas were exceedingly high in the morning and increased to mountainous in the afternoon. The winds averaged 48 knots, but as high as 70 knots were recorded. Barometer lowest reading was 28.61. The Guadalcanal rolled and pitched constantly, steering was difficult, engines were used to help steer the course.

Source: National Archive Photo; Courtesy of Task Group 22.3 Association.

Courtesy of the
USS Guadalcanal - Task Group 22.3 - Association, via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Composite Squadron (VC) 69 officers, USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), November 1, 1944.

(Larger images available on request.)

Harold Ryan
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Image from the USS Guadalcanal Memory Log (Cruise Book.) Taken at Mayport, Fla., 20 April 1945.

EMC(SW) Brian Kroenung
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Clearer copy of photo above. Guadalcanal is painted in Measure 32 Design 4A camouflage scheme.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) photo, # 80-G-383899.

Courtesy of C. Lee Johnson, usndazzle.com,
via Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306025
1.39M

Commanding Officers of various ships in Task Group that captured U-boat, U-505. Shown on flight deck of USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60). Left to right: Lieutenant Commander (later Admiral) Means F. Johnston Jr., USS Flaherty (DE-135); Lieutenant Commander (later Captain) Edwin H. Headland, USS Pope (DE-134); Commander (later Captain) Frederick S. Hall, Commander, Escort Division 4; Captain (later Rear Admiral) Daniel V. Gallery, Guadalcanal; Commander Dudley S. Knox, USS Chatelain (DE-149); and Lieutenant Commander (later Rear Admiral) George W. Cassleman, USS Pillsbury (DE-133). Photo dated 16 May 1945.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), photo # 80-G-49185.

NARA
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Captain Daniel V. Gallery presenting a Nazi submarine flag, captured from German U-Boat, U-505, to Admiral Jonas H. Ingram at the Navy Department in Washington, D.C., 16 May 1945. Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal is behind Admiral Ingram.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), photo # 80-G-49191.

NARA
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Commander Joy Bright Hancock, USNR, is met by Captain B.C. McCaffree, USN, Commanding Officer, USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), as she comes aboard his ship, 19 July 1945.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (# 80-G-383994).

Joy Bright was born in Wildwood, New Jersey, on 4 May 1898. During World War I, after attending business school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, she enlisted in the Navy as a Yeoman (F), serving at Camden, New Jersey and at the Naval Air Station, Cape May. Following the war, she married Lieutenant Charles Gray Little, who was killed in the crash of the airship ZR-2 in 1921. A year later, she obtained employment with the Bureau of Aeronautics, where her duties included editing the Bureau's "News Letter," which later evolved into the magazine "Naval Aviation News." In 1924, she left the Bureau to marry Lieutenant Commander Lewis Hancock, Jr., who lost his life when USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashed in September 1925—subsequently, she sponsored USS Lewis Hancock (DD-675), named after her late husband.

Joy Bright Hancock returned to the Bureau after attending Foreign Service School and obtaining a private pilot's license. For more than a decade before World War II and into the first year of that conflict, she was responsible for the Bureau's public affairs activities. In October 1942, she was commissioned a Lieutenant in the new Women's Reserve (WAVES). She initially served as WAVES representative in the Bureau of Aeronautics and later in a similar position for the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), rising to the rank of Commander by the end of the War.

In February 1946, Commander Hancock became the Assistant Director (Plans) of the Women's Reserve and was promoted to WAVES' Director, with the rank of Captain, in July of that year. She guided the WAVES through the difficult years of Naval contraction in the later 1940s and the expansion of the early 1950s, a period that also saw the Navy's women achieve status as part of the Regular Navy. Captain Hancock retired from active duty in June 1953. The next year, she married Vice Admiral Ralph A. Ofstie and accompanied him on his 1955–56 tour as Commander, Sixth Fleet. Following her husband's death in late 1956, she lived in the Washington, D.C., area and in the Virgin Islands. She died on 20 August 1986.

NHC
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Avenger flies over wires and skips barriers, crashing into the island during carrier qualifications aboard USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), 21 August 1945.

Gerd Matthes, Germany
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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Sailors cleaning USS Guadalcanal's hull in dry dock, 15 December 1945.

Gerd Matthes, Germany
Miscellany
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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This 8-foot (2.44 meters) model of USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) was donated to the Intrepid Museum in NYC and will go on display in 2008.

Tom Dunham
Ex-USS Guadalcanal
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
NS0306021
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Stern view of ex-USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60) in mothballs, February 1950. The ship was part of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet and was moored at Bayonne, New Jersey.

LIFE Magazine Archives, Herbert Gehr photographer, shared by Peter DeForest (for educational and non-commercial use only).

Mike Green
CVE-60 Guadalcanal
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"Ex-Navy Carriers [Guadalcanal and Mission Bay] May Go To Japan for Breaking Up."

Ron Reeves
CVE-59 Mission Bay
NS0305902
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Stripped and powerless, the veteran WWII escort carriers Guadalcanal and Mission Bay take a last voyage to a Japanese scrapyard under the charge of the Dutch tug Elbe.

EMC(SW) Brian Kroenung

For more photos and information about this ship, see:

Read the
USS GUADALCANAL (CVE-60 / CVU-60) DANFS History entry

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Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official U.S. Navy Carrier Website
Escort Carrier Sailors & Airmen Association
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Last update: 7 December 2019