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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

USS Richmond (II)

1913 International Radio Call Sign:
Nan - Rush - Jig
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Civil War Medal - World War I Victory Medal

Hartford-class Steam Sloop-of-War:
  • Laid down, date unknown, at Norfolk Navy Yard as a wooden steam sloop of war
  • Launched, 26 January 1860
  • Commissioned USS Richmond in 1860, CAPT. D. N. Ingraham in command
  • Richmond sailed for the Mediterranean, 13 October 1860, returning to New York, 2 July 1861
  • She next sailed, 31 July 1861, for Kingston, Jamaica in search of CSS Sumter
  • Richmond joined the Gulf Blockading Squadron in September 1861
  • Ordered to New York for repairs departing that port, 13 February 1862, bound for the West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Ship Island
  • Ordered North for overhaul at New York after the battles of New Orleans and Vicksburg, USS Richmond departed New York, 12 October 1863, returning to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron to take part in Farragut's the assault against Mobile Bay.
  • Richmond was decommissioned, 14 July 1866, at Boston Navy Yard where she was fitted out with a new set of engines
  • Recommissioned, 11 January 1869, Richmond departed for European waters
  • Richmond returned to Philadelphia and was decommissioned, 8 November 1871
  • Recommissioned, 18 November 1872, for service with the West Indies Squadron
  • Ordered to the Pacific in May 1873 she arrived on station to serve as flagship in 1874 and 1875
  • Decommissioned, 18 September 1877, at Boston Navy Yard for repairs
  • Richmond's next assignment was flagship of the Asiatic Fleet in 1879
  • Decommissioned, 22 August 1884, at New York for repairs
  • Recommissioned, 20 January 1887, for duty on the North Atlantic Station
  • Reassigned to the South Atlantic Station in January 1889 as squadron flagship
  • In 1890 Richmond began service as a training ship at Newport, R.I.
  • In 1893 she served as Receiving ship at Philadelphia until 1900
  • In 1903 Richmond was assigned to duty as an auxiliary to the Receiving ship Franklin at Norfolk until the end of World War I
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 31 June 1919
  • Sold to Joseph Hyman & Sons, Philadelphia, PA., 23 July 1919, for scrapping
  • Final Disposition, burned Eastport, Maine in 1920
    Displacement 2,604 t.
    Length 225'
    Beam 42' 6"
    Draft 17' 4½" (mean)
    Speed 9.5 kts
    Complement 269
    As Built
    fourteen 9" smoothbores
    February 1862
    one 80-pdr muzzle loading riffle
    twenty 9" smoothbores
    one 30-pdr muzzle loading rifle
    June 1863
    one 100-pdr muzzle loading rifle
    one 30-pdr muzzle loading rifle
    twenty 9" smoothbores
    two 12-pdr smoothbores
    one 24-pdr howitzer
    June 1864
    one 100-pdr muzzle loading rifle
    one 30-pdr muzzle loading rifle
    eighteen 9" smoothbores
    twelve 9" smoothbores
    one 8" muzzle loading rifle
    one 60-pdr breach loading rifle
    two 20-pdr breach loading rifles
    two direct acting engines (58" x 3'): IHP 1,078 = 9.5kts
    two boilers
    single propeller

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    Size Image Description Contributed
    199k Black and white photo of an oil painting by De Simone of USS Richmond at anchor, probably off Naples, in 1861, with a British Navy Ship-of-the-line at left.
    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command. Photo # KN-715, Collection of Vice Admiral Morton L. Deyo, USN (Ret), 1959. Note Mrs. Deyo donated this painting to the Navy Department in 1963. National Archives Curator Accession #: 63-353-A..
    Robert Hurst
    Manassas 471k Lithograph depicting the engagement of CSS Manassas and USS Richmond, 12 October 1861. Richmond was rammed and seriously damaged. Manassas was also damaged, mainly by the force of her own ramming effort but was repaired.
    Engraving from Le Monde Illustre, 1861. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. National Museum of the U.S. Navy
    Robert Hurst
    Kineo 158k
    "The Splendid Naval Triumph on the Mississippi, April 24th, 1862"

    Colored lithograph, published by Currier & Ives, 1862. The original print bears the following descriptive text: "Destruction of the Rebel gunboats, rams and iron clad batteries by the Union Fleet under Flag Officer Farragut. The attack was commenced on the 18th of April and continued until the 25th resulting in the capture of Forts Jackson, St. Phillip, Livingston, Pike and the city of New Orleans, as well as the destruction of all the enemy gunboats, rams, floating batteries (iron clad), fire rafts, booms and chains. The enemy with their own hands destroying cotton and shipping valued at from eight to ten millions of dollars. 'The sight of this night attack was awfully grand, the river was lit up with blazing rafts filled with pine knots and the ships seemed to be fighting literally amidst flames and smoke.'" In this view, ships are identified as (starting at top left center, up the river, running down to the right, then across toward the left): Confederate steamers; USS Cayuga (leading the Union column), USS Pensacola, burning confederate steamer, USS Varuna, USS Oneida, USS Mississippi (engaging the ram CSS Manassas), USS Richmond, USS Kineo, USS Hartford (flagship, in collision with a fire raft), USS Brooklyn and USS Winona. A Confederate fire raft is in the lower right. Fort St. Phillip is shown at right and Fort Jackson at left.
    Courtesy of the U.S. Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C.
    Tommy Trampp
    298k USS Richmond crew was assembled the morning after that terrible night of fighting past Forts Jackson and St. Philip. Richmond. was the third vessel in line in the center division led by Farragut himself. Only two of her crew were killed and four injured, for CDR. Alden laid carefully prepared a splinter netting which caught the death-dealing pieces of plank and scantling, and prevented them from sweeping the gundeck. Early in October,1861, Richmond, under CAPT. John Pope, led the blockading vessels up the delta of the Mississippi to the Head of the Passes, where the stream broadens into a deep bay two miles wide, giving ample room for maneuvers
    "The photographic history of the Civil War: thousands of scenes photographed 1861-65, with text by many special authorities". By Miller, Francis Trevelyan, 1877-1959 Lanier, Robert S. (Robert Sampson), 1880-. Pub. Review of Reviews Co. New York : 1 January 1911.
    Robert Hurst
    Richmond 272k USS Richmond at anchor in Baton Rouge, LA. in 1863.
    Library of Congress, Photo No. Lot 14043-2 No. 43
    Mike Green
    243k Robert Weir who chronicled with pen and ink life on board USS Richmond, sent many of his sketches to Harper's Weekly where they were refined and published. A reversed rendering of his sketch (left) of the sloop off Mobile Bay appeared in the newspaper seen here as a woodcut engraving titled "The United States Sloop of War [USS] Richmond on Blockade Duty off Mobile.", published in "Harper's Weekly" February, 1864. Tommy Trampp
    Richmond 163k Sketch of the USS Richmond 100 pounder Parrott gun crew serving the gun. Originally appeared on the cover of "Harper's Weekly" 18 July 1863. Sketched by an unknown naval officer. Tommy Trampp
    Richmond 45k USS Richmond 100 pounder Parrott gun causes havoc on deck after breaking loose during a storm in 1864.
    Tommy Trampp
    Lackawanna 136k USS Lackawanna and USS Richmond stripped for action, at Pensacola, Florida, on 3 August 1864, just prior to the Battle of Mobile Bay. .
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 51184.
    Lackawanna 230k Line engraving published in Harper's Weekly, 17 September 1864. Entitled "Admiral Farragut's Fleet Bombarding Fort Morgan, August 22, 1864", it depicts from left to right);
    USS Lackawanna,
    USS Manhattan,
    USS Octorara,
    USS Brooklyn,
    USS Winnebago and
    USS Richmond. Fort Morgan is shown in the right center distance, and a battery is at the far left
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59150.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Hartford 156k Flag Officer Farragut ship's passing Fort Morgan during the Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Drawing from the book "Under Both Flags" Veteran Publishing Co., © 1896. From left to right:
    USS Manhattan
    USS Tecumseh
    USS Brooklyn
    USS Octorara
    USS Hartford
    USS Metacomet
    USS Richmond
    USS Port Royal
    USS Lackawanna
    USS Seminole
    USS Monongahela and
    USS Kennebec
    Tommy Trampp
    183k A Robert Fulton Weir stetch of USS Richmond engaging CSS Tennessee during the Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
    Mariner's Museum, Newport News, VA.
    Tommy Trampp
    Richmond 240k Image of USS Richmond at Navy Yard Philadelphia, PA., (1872).
    Illustration from “Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion” Series 1, Volume 18.
    Bill Gonyo
    221k USS Richmond at anchor off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA. date unknown.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 63460
    Mike Green
    Richmond 231k USS Richmond at Port Said. after departing Norfolk 11 January 1879 while enroute to Yokohama via the Suez Canal. Photo by H. Arnoux.
    Photo from the collection of the late Antoni Blasi, with permission to publish them, by Camil Busquets.This photo, and several hundred more, can be found in Camil Basquets book "50 Años de Retrato Naval Militar (1870-1920)", ("50 Years of Naval Photography,") published in 2010.
    Col·lecció Antoni Blasi, via Camil Busquets and Fabio Peña
    Richmond 139k USS Richmond moored to a buoy, date and location unknown.
    Photo from "Warships of The Civil War Navies" by Paul H. Silverstone
    Robert Hurst
    Richmond 80k Andrew Boyd Cummings joined the steam sloop USS Richmond during her 1860-1861 Mediterranean deployment. After Richmond returned to the United States in mid-1861 she, with Cummings as her First Lieutenant and Executive Officer, undertook active service against the Confederacy in the Gulf of Mexico, most notably the April 1862 capture of New Orleans and subsequent operations up the Mississippi River. Specifically commended for his performance, he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander in July 1862. Andrew Boyd Cummings was gravely wounded during Richmond's 14 March 1863 attempt to pass the batteries at Vicksburg, Mississippi and died four days later. Bill Gonyo
    Richmond 140k "The Battle at the Southwest Pass -- The Ram 'Manassas' attacking the 'Richmond.' -- Sketched by an Officer of the 'Richmond'." A line engraving published in "Harper's Weekly", 1861, depicting CSS Manassas attacking USS Richmond near the Head of Passes, Mississippi River, on 12 October 1861. Other ships depicted include the U.S. sailing sloops of war USS Vincennes and USS Preble (in left center and at right).
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59012.
    Robert Hurst
    Richmond 316k Charles E. Emery who was a engineering officer in USS Richmond during the Civil War. Charlie Glendinning for his Great-Grandfather Charles E. Emery
    Richmond 635k USS Richmond officers during the Civil War. Charlie Glendinning for his Great-Grandfather Charles E. Emery
    Richmond 121k USS Richmond gun deck, circa 1890-1901 Library of Congress photo # 4a14697v Detroit Photographic Co. Collection
    Richmond 182k USS Richmond sailors on deck, circa 1890-1901 Library of Congress photo # 4a14698v Detroit Photographic Co. Collection
    Richmond 152k USS Richmond church services, circa 1890-1901 Library of Congress photo # 4a14699v Detroit Photographic Co. Collection
    Richmond 197k USS Richmond , circa 1890-1901 Library of Congress photo # 4a14700v Detroit Photographic Co. Collection
    Richmond 252k USS Richmond polishing brass work, circa 1890-1901 Library of Congress photo # 4a14701v Detroit Photographic Co. Collection
    128k USS Richmond at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 69794
    Robert Hurst
    163k USS Richmond at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 43579.
    Robert Hurst
    66k The masting shear crane is shown at the North end of Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA. A Civil War era monitor style ship is tied up along the river berth, alongside the 1840 stone launching slip. In the background are the Receiving Ships USS Richmond and USS Franklin, across the river at the Saint Helena Annex, the US Navy training ground.
    Virginia shell series postcard #4, produced by the S. Langsdorf & CO. of New York. These cards were embossed and printed (lithographed) in Germany before World War I.
    Brian Baird
    512k The North end of Norfolk Navy Yard is in foreground; the US Navy Training Ground at Saint Helena, Berkley, Norfolk, VA, is across the Elizabeth River on right. Submarines and torpedo boats are berthed at its angled piers. Moored in the river are the receiving ships USS Franklin and USS Richmond, used to house sailors that were being trained at Saint Helenas. Two white hull pre-WWI battleships are berthed along the quay wall of the Navy Yard, one at Berth 1 (left) adjacent to the masting shear crane and the other at Berth 7 (right). In the center of the photo is Wetslip# 1, with four-stack cruiser (unidentified) at Berth 3. Undated circa 1908. Brian Baird
    115k Panoramic photograph (cropped) looking north to the US Navy's Saint Helena Training Station in the Berkley section of Norfolk, VA.. On the left, across the Elizabeth River, is the Norfolk Navy Yard. The ships shown in the middle of photo are the receiving ships USS Richmond (left) and USS Franklin (right), at the St Helena Training Ground of the US Navy, circa 1913-1915.
    Image by Harry Cowles Mann. Property of the Norfolk Public Library (Va.), Sargeant Memorial Collection.
    Brian Baird
    72k USS Richmond's Barge, "blueprint", 1 September 1888. Department of the Navy. Bureau of Construction and Repair
    US National Archives Identifier (NAID) 109188763
    Robert Hurst
    88k USS Richmond's Gig Whale Boat "as built abroad", "blueprint", 1 October 1884
    US National Archives Identifier (NAID) 109188767.
    Robert Hurst
    149k USS Richmond's Steam Barge "blueprint", 1 September 1888. Department of the Navy. Bureau of Construction and Repair.
    US National Archives Identifier (NAID) 109188765.
    Robert Hurst
    Richmond 198k Ex-USS Richmond at Eastport, Maine being burned for scrap in 1920. Captain Turner is on the stern hauling down his flag. Note the boat standing by to rescue him. Franklin D. Roosevelt witnessed this event.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 44800.
    Mike Green

    USS Richmond (II)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 17 September 2021