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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

USS Baron De Kalb
USS St. Louis (II) (1861 - 1862)

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Civil War Medal

Cairo Class Sternwheel casemate Iron-clad River Gunboat :
  • Built in 1861, for the War Department as the sternwheel casemate gunboat St. Louis at Carondelet, MO., by James B. Eads
  • Launched, 12 October 1861
  • Commissioned, USS St. Louis, January 1862, LT. L. Paulding in command
  • Renamed USS Baron De Kalb, 8 September 1862
  • 1 October 1862 custody transferred to the US Navy
  • During the Civil War USS St. Louis / USS Baron De Kalb participated in the following actions:
    6 February 1862 capture of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River
    14 to 16 February capture of Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River
    April and June operations against Fort Pillow
    21 to 28 December the Yazoo Expedition
    10-11 January 1863 the capture of Arkansas Post
    12 to 14 January the White River Expedition
    20 February to 5 April Yazoo Pass Expedition
    11 to 13 March the action at Fort Pemberton
    29 April to 2 May the action at Haines' Bluff
    20 to 23 May action at Yazoo City, MS.
    24 to 31 May the Yazoo River Expedition
  • Final Disposition, 13 July 1863 sunk by a torpedo in the Yazoo River
    Displacement 512 t.
    Length 175'
    Beam 51' 2"
    Draft 6'
    Speed 9 mph
    Complement 251
    seven 32-pdrs smooth bore guns
    two 8" gun smooth bore guns
    four 42-pdr rifles>
    Propulsion steam

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    Size Image Description Contributed
    USS St. Louis
    Carondelet 89k "City" Class armored gunboats under construction by James Eads, at St. Louis, Missouri, prior to October 1861. This view shows four ships being built in pairs, at two levels on the shore, with casemate side timbers largely installed. Vertical timbers extending above the slanting casemate sides are framing for the ships' paddle-wheel boxes. The four ships of this class built at St. Louis were Carondelet, Louisville, Pittsburgh and Saint Louis. Note building and flagpole in the right background, timber stockpile in the foreground, and twin rudder posts at the ships' sterns with the paddle raceway between them.
    U.S. National Archives. Photo #: 165-C-703
    Robert Hurst
    Carondelet 111k "City" Class armored gunboats under construction by James Eads, at St. Louis, Missouri, prior to October 1861. This view looks along the main deck on one gunboat, with its boilers in the foreground and casemate timbers at the sides. Another vessel is beyond, with some spar deck beams atop the casemate side timbers and upright framing in place for her wheel box. The four ships of this class built at St. Louis were Carondelet, Louisville, Pittsburgh and Saint Louis. Note flagpole in the left background.
    U.S. National Archives. Photo #: 165-C-702
    Robert Hurst
    Louisville 166k Wood-cut engraving "WAR IN THE WEST--THE NEW GUNBOAT FLOTILLA, COMMODORE FOOTE BUILT AT CARONDELET MISSOURI, FOR THE DESCENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI", published in "Frank Leslie's Illustrated" December 1861, Left to Right;
    USS Louisville
    USS Carondelet
    Transport, name unknown
    USS Pittsburgh
    Transport, name unknown
    USS St. Louis
    Tommy Trampp
    General Beauregard 177k "The Great Naval Battle before Memphis, June 6, 1862". Engraving after a sketch by Alexander Simplot, published in "Harper's Weekly", depicting the action between the Confederate River Defense Fleet and Federal warships off Memphis, Tennessee. In the foreground, the print depicts the Confederate ships (from left to right):
    CSS General M. Jeff Thompson (shown sinking);
    CSS Little Rebel (shown burning);
    CSS General Sterling Price;
    CSS General Beauregard (shown being jammed by the Ellet Ram
    USS Monarch;
    CSS General Bragg (shown aground) and
    CSS Colonel Lovell (shown sinking). In the background are the Federal warships (from left to right):
    USS Queen of the West;
    USS Cairo;
    USS Carondelet;
    USS Louisville;
    USS Saint Louis; a tug; and
    USS Benton. The city of Memphis is in the right distance, with a wharf boat by the shore. Harpers Weekly, 28 June 1862.
    Sons of the South - Memphis Naval Battle
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 58891
    Robert Hurst
    USS Baron De Kalb
    Baron de Kalb 36k

    KALB, Johann, called Baron de Kalb (1721-80), German-born soldier, who fought in the American Revolution. Born in Hüttendorf, near Bayreuth, in Bavaria, he became a lieutenant in a German regiment of the French army at the age of 22; he fought with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War, rising to the rank of brigadier general by 1761. In 1768 Kalb was sent to America as an agent of the French government to determine the attitude of the colonies toward Great Britain. He returned to America in 1777 and joined the revolutionary army with the rank of major general. He served briefly under Gen. George Washington before the winter encampment at Valley Forge and later was sent south to help Gen. Horatio Gates. He was second in command to Gates at the disastrous Battle of Camden, S.C., in August 1780. Kalb's troops were finally forced to retreat before the army of Lord Charles Cornwallis, but Kalb himself was wounded and captured by the British. He died of wounds three days after his capture.
    Tommy Trampp
    Baron de Kalb 152k Currier & Ives Lithographed and hand colored Civil War Battle Scene print from 1960. "THE BOMBARDMENT AND CAPTURE OF FORT HINDMAN, ARKANSAS POST, ARK., JAN.11, 1863". Hand colored though silk-screen stencils this Civil War print came from a limited edition in 1960. Ships participating in the bombardment include:
    USS Baron De Kalb
    USS Cincinnati
    USS Louisville
    USS Black Hawk and
    USS Rattler
    Tommy Trampp
    Baron de Kalb 101k "City" Class ironclad gunboats off Cairo, Illinois, in 1863, with barges moored in the foreground. These ships are (from left to right); USS Baron de Kalb, USS Cincinnati and USS Mound City. Boats are tied astern of Baron de Kalb and Cincinnati. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #: NH 56663-A. Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1981. Robert Hurst
    Baron de Kalb 242k USS Baron DeKalb, circa 1862, location unknown. Photographer unknown.
    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, cataloged under the ARC Identifier (National Archives Identifier) 533123.
    Robert Hurst
    Baron de Kalb 168k Line engraving by George Perine & Co., New York, circa 1865 of USS Baron De Kalb
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 78178.
    Aryeh Wetherhorn
    Baron de Kalb 55k Watercolor by Oscar Parkes of USS Baron De Kalb. Courtesy of Dr. Oscar Parkes, London, England, 1936.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59547.
    Aryeh Wetherhorn

    USS St. Louis / USS Baron De Kalb
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 2 September 2016