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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Xray - Whiskey - Mike
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive, Sicily, Salerno, Normandy)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe African Middle Eastern Campaigns Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 22 September 1942, at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
Launched, 23 November 1942
Commissioned USS LST 310, 20 January 1943, LT. Wilfred P. Lawless, USNR, in command
During World War II, USS LST-310 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:
European-African-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Sicilian occupation, Licata - Blue Beach) 9 to 15 July 1943
||Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
Support of British landings (Red Beach) 7 to 10 September 1943
Decommissioned, 16 May 1945 for conversion to Landing Craft Repair Ship Aeolus (ARL-42) at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
Conversion cancelled, 12 September 1945
Reverted to LST-310
Struck from the Naval Register, 12 March 1946
USS LST-310 earned three battle stars for World War II service
Sold, 28 January 1947, to Boston Metals Co., Baltimore, MD. for conversion to merchant service
Resold, date unknown, to Panama Navigation Corp., named MV Mercator, re-flagged Panamanian sometime prior to 1963, sold to Navemar S. A., name
retained, re-flagged Argentinean. IRCS
(LQMM) Official Number 4594
Final Disposition, fate unknown
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 6 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-310 moored pierside at Boston Navy Yard, January 1943.
a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
|Robert J. Coates for his father Walter F. Coates QM2/c USNR USS LST-310, USS LST-318, USS LST-294.
||Artist rendition of USS LST-310 on the beach at Normandy.
Drawing by Augustus J. Robinson, Boston Navy Yard Print Ship.
||USS LST-310 off-loading vehicles and equipment on the beach at Normandy 1944.
US Army Signal Corps newsreel photo.
||USS LST-310 (2nd LST from the right) along with other ships putting cargo ashore on one of the invasion beaches, at low tide
during the first days of the Invasion of Normandy in June 1944. Among identifiable ships present are USS LST-532 (in the center of
the view); USS LST-262 (3rd LST from right); USS LST-533 (partially visible at far right);
and USS LST-524. Note the barrage balloons overhead and Army "half-track" convoy forming up on the beach.
Coast Guard photo # 26-G-2517 from the US Coast Guard collection in the US National Archives.
|Arthur DeLorenzo MoMM3/c USS LST 262
||USS LST-21, LST-519 and USS LST-310,
off-loading vehicles and equipment at LeHavre, France circa 1944
||LST 519 web site
||USS LST-310 at anchor, date and location unknown.
||LST-519 Web Site
||Model of USS LST-310 by Roy Willard Olofson, PHM1, USNR USS LST-310
||Photo by Dawn Glidden
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Lawless, Wilfred P., USNR||20 January 1943 - 16 May 1945|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 1 February 2019
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|