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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-310


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Xray - Whiskey - Mike
NXWM
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive, Sicily, Salerno, Normandy)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe African Middle Eastern Campaigns Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 22 September 1942, at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
  • Launched, 23 November 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST 310, 20 January 1943, LT. Wilfred P. Lawless, USNR, in command
  • During World War II, USS LST-310 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    European-African-Middle East Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Sicilian occupation, Licata - Blue Beach) 9 to 15 July 1943 Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
    Salerno landings
    Support of British landings (Red Beach) 7 to 10 September 1943
     

  • Decommissioned, 16 May 1945 for conversion to Landing Craft Repair Ship Aeolus (ARL-42) at Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
  • Conversion cancelled, 12 September 1945
  • Reverted to LST-310
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 12 March 1946
  • USS LST-310 earned three battle stars for World War II service
  • Merchant Service
    Sold, 28 January 1947, to Boston Metals Co., Baltimore, MD. for conversion to merchant service
    Resold, date unknown, to Panama Navigation Corp., named MV Mercator, re-flagged Panamanian sometime prior to 1963, sold to Navemar S. A., name retained, re-flagged Argentinean. IRCS (LQMM) Official Number 4594
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    9 officers
    120 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    14 officers
    131 enlisted
    Boats 6 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    LST-310 68k USS LST-310 moored pierside at Boston Navy Yard, January 1943.
    a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Robert J. Coates for his father Walter F. Coates QM2/c USNR USS LST-310, USS LST-318, USS LST-294.
    LST-310 397k Artist rendition of USS LST-310 on the beach at Normandy.
    Drawing by Augustus J. Robinson, Boston Navy Yard Print Ship.
    Tommy Trampp
    LST-310 122k USS LST-310 off-loading vehicles and equipment on the beach at Normandy 1944.
    US Army Signal Corps newsreel photo.
    Paulo Soukup
    LST-262 145k USS LST-310 (2nd LST from the right) along with other ships putting cargo ashore on one of the invasion beaches, at low tide during the first days of the Invasion of Normandy in June 1944. Among identifiable ships present are USS LST-532 (in the center of the view); USS LST-262 (3rd LST from right); USS LST-533 (partially visible at far right); and USS LST-524. Note the barrage balloons overhead and Army "half-track" convoy forming up on the beach.
    US Coast Guard photo # 26-G-2517 from the US Coast Guard collection in the US National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center and Arthur DeLorenzo MoMM3/c USS LST 262
    LST-310 51k USS LST-21, LST-519 and USS LST-310, off-loading vehicles and equipment at LeHavre, France circa 1944 LST 519 web site
    LST-310 49k USS LST-310 at anchor, date and location unknown. LST-519 Web Site
    LST-310 23k Model of USS LST-310 by Roy Willard Olofson, PHM1, USNR USS LST-310 Photo by Dawn Glidden

    USS LST-310
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Lawless, Wilfred P., USNR20 January 1943 - 16 May 1945
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Homeport
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index Back To The Landing Craft Repair Ship (ARL) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 23 June 2017