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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

HM LST-320


LST-320 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 10 August 1942, at Philadelphia Navy Yard. Philadelphia, PA.
  • Launched, 5 November 1942
  • Transferred to the United Kingdom under terms of the Lend-Lease Act
  • Royal Navy History
  • Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-320, 28 December 1942
  • HM LST-320 sailed from New York as part of the 1st Flotilla, 27 January 1943
  • Broke down enroute and returned to New York
  • HM LST-320 sailed, 23 February 1943 from New York for the Mediterranean via Bermuda
  • HM LST-320 participated in the following European campaigns
    • Sicilian occupation
    • Salerno landings
    • West Coast of Italy operations-1944 - Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings
    • Invasion of Normandy
  • Operated in the shuttle service between Tilbury, Ostend and Antwerp
  • Participated in the Relief of Norway
  • Paid off and returned to US Navy custody, 23 April 1946, at Norfolk, VA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 19 June 1946
  • Sold, 4 October 1947, to Southern Trading Co., Wilmington, DE.
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
    Specifications: (as reported by Office of Naval Intelligence-1945)
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    two - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    four - Single 40MM gun mounts
    twelve single 20MM gun mounts
    Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
    one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
    six - 20MM single gun mounts
    four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-320 94k HM LST-320 with bow doors open unloading a landing craft recovery tractor (modified Caterpillar D6) onto a Rhino ferry, date and place unknown. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 95k HM LST-320 unloading lorry-towed artillery piece being driven from her tank deck across her ramp and onto a Rhino ferry at Normandy, June 1944. The stern of HM LST-412 is just visible beyond HM LST-320. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 75k HM LST-320 unloading an army vehicle across her ramp and onto a Rhino ferry at Normandy, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 72k Rhino ferry F94 moves away from HM LST-320 heading for the Normandy beachhead along the port side of HM LST-412, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 92k HM LST-320 heading for the Normandy beachhead with a crowded deck, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 68k HM LST-320 high and dry on the beach at Normandy while unloading trucks, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-365 56k HM LST-365 center ,and HM LST-320 right, high and dry on 'Sword' beach, Normandy, while unloading, June 1944 Robert Hurst
    LST-320 114k HM LST-320 on the beach at Normandy loading wounded Allied soldiers for the return trip to England, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 68k HM LST-320 and HM LST-415 on the beach at Normandy ready to return to England carrying wounded Allied soldiers, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 86k HM LST-320 officers keeping a careful watch as they return to England for another load, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-320 45k HM LST-320 approaching a Mulberry Harbor at Normandy, June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-49
    US National Archives
    photo # 80-G-46817
    370k LSTs land invasion supplies on "Omaha" Beach, shortly after the 6 June 1944 "D-Day" assault.
    LSTs on the beach include from (right to left):
    USS LST-312
    HM LST-320
    HM LST-321
    USS LST-72
    USS LST-51? last digit not visible)
    HM LST-324
    USS LST-311
    USS LST-49
    USS LST-373
    USS LST-47 and two unidentified LSTs.
    Note: bow numbers of the British ships enclosed in colored blocks; crowd of shipping offshore; barrage balloons over many of the ships. Photo was released for publication, 23 October 1944
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-46817 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Riley R. Re Qua MoMM3/C USS LST-49 and Arthur L Long MoMM2/C USS LST-49
    Marilyn Smith for her father Coastguardsman Jack Davenport USCGC Blackhaw (WLB-390)
    LST-312
    US National Archives
    photo
    180k
    LST-320 88k HM LST-320 drydocked at Portsmouth, England, summer 1944. Robert Hurst

    LST-320
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 1 February 2019