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USS MARYLAND - FREDERICK (Armored Cruiser No. 8/CA 8)

CLASS - PENNSYLVANIA
Displacement 13,680 Tons, Dimensions, 503' 11" (oa) x 69' 7" x 26' 6" (Max)
Armament 4 x 8"/40, 14 x 6"/50 18 x 3"/50, 12 x 3pdr, 2 x 1pdr, 2 x 18" tt.
Armor, 6" Belt, 6 1/2" Turrets, 4" Deck, 9" Conning Tower.
Machinery, 23,000 IHP; 2 Vertical, Inverted, Triple Expansion Engines, 2 screws
Speed, 22 Knots, Crew 830.
Operational and Building Data
Keel laid on 7 OCT 1901 by Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newport News, VA
Launched 12 SEP 1903
Commissioned 18 APR 1905
Renamed Frederick 09 NOV 1916
Redesignated CA 8 in 1920
Decommissioned 14 FEB 1922
Stricken 13 NOV 1929
Fate: Sold for scrap 11 FEB 1930

Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
Frederick 111k Port View, Underway at speed. Undated USN
Frederick 186k Starboard bow view at San Pedro, CA. Date unknown. Jon Burdett
Frederick
acr0859
243k Port bow view while at anchor in full dress ship, date and location unknown. Mike Hughes
Frederick
acr0864
513k Port side view while underway, sometime after the installation of the cage mast. Jan Reid
Frederick
acr0871
179k

USS Frederick (Armored Cruiser No. 8) at anchor date and location unknown. Note that she still has both military masts so this would be prior to October 1910..

Photo Imperial War Museum.

Robert Hurst
Frederick
acr0858
59k

Starboard quarter view, date and location unknown. Probably during WWI due to the Dazzle camouflage.

U.S. Navy Photo.

David Buell
Frederick
acr0863
470k A drawing of ship, similar to photo above. Jan Reid
Frederick 30k 12 September 1903 photo of the Maryland being prepared for launching later that day at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock. Note that portholes haven't been cut into her hull, in this photo. USN
Frederick 58k Underway off Staten Island, New York, 28 October 1905.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 2168.

Robert L. Larzalere S1C
USS Siboney CVE-112
1946 - 1948
Frederick
acr0862
275k

1905 photo of the USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) in dry dock at Charleston Navy Yard.

Library of Congress, LC-D4-22187

Mike Green
Frederick
acr0865
239k USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) in a Charleston Navy Yard dry-dock circa 1905. The dry-dock was, at that time, the largest dry-dock in the country.

Library of Congress, LC-D4-22186

Mike Green
Frederick
acr0836
78k In dry dock at the Boston Navy Yard, Charlestown, Massachusetts, circa 1905-1906. Photograph reproduced on a postal card, which is postmarked 8 November 1906. Courtesy of Commander Donald J. Robinson, USN(MSC), 1974.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 80762.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0842
71k Breech of one of the ship's four 8"/40 guns, circa 1906. Photographed by F.B. Way, a crew member, who inscribed on its reverse: "T'was on this gun I qualified as Heavy Gun Pointer 1st Class". This gun is marked, at the top of the breech face: "U.S. Naval Gun Factory W.N.Y." "8 in. Gun Mark V No. 98" Donation of F.M. Deats, 1963.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 73128.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0843
78k Breech end of one of the ship's fourteen 6"/50 broadside guns and the interior of its casemate, circa 1906. Photographed by F.B. Way, a crew member. Note the shell rack in the right background, and the wooden pail on deck. Donation of F.M. Deats, 1963.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 73129.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0844
84k Shell rack in the casemate of one of the ship's fourteen 6"/50 broadside guns, circa 1906. Photographed by F.B. Way, a crew member. Note the gun cleaning tool on the bulkhead, above the shells, the wooden pail on deck, and the steam heat radiator at right. Donation of F.M. Deats, 1963.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 73130.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0830
94k

Looking aft at her forward eight-inch gun turret and bridge, while she was steaming on the target range in Manila Bay, Philippine Islands, circa 1906. Photographed by F.B. Way, a crew member, who presented it to F.M. Deats with the following poem inscribed on its reverse:

"I hold the thunder, flame is my breath
Monstrous I swim, swollen with death
All man's achievements centered in me
At the crown of his knowledge, I blast the sea"

Donation of F.M. Deats, 1963.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 73127.

Naval Historical Center
Pittsburgh
acr0450
303k

Photo Caption:

"A FLOCK OF UNCLE SAM'S PEACE DOVES AT THE BROOKLYN NAVY-YARD

The work of preparing the warships for their 13,000-mile voyage into the Pacific, and of keeping of all other vessels in the highest state of efficiency, is being prosecuted with all possible dispatchat all of the United States Naval Stations."

In the photo - Battleship INDIANA (upper left), Armored Cruiser PENNSYLVANIA (middle left), Armored Curiser COLORADO (top center), Battleship ALABAMA (Center), Armored Cruiser MARYLAND (left), and Armored Cruiser WEST VIRGINIA (foreground).

Library of Congress Reproduction Number LC-USZ62-66021

Tom Kermen
Frederick
acr0835
72k "Taking it green" over the bow while steaming through a gale in the South China Sea, 6 March 1907. Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, 1975.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 83807.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0834
68k In the "Dewey" floating dry dock, at Olongapo, Philippine Islands, between 1 April and 4 April 1907. Courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1967.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50360. (Photo dated by Raymond Backstrom)

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0827
98k In dry dock at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, 23 April 1908. Photographed by E.L. Meyer, Seattle, Washington. Note the ship's freshly painted underwater hull, and the decoration fitted to her bow.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 64811.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0833
63k USS Stewart (Torpedo Boat Destroyer # 13) underway in Honolulu Harbor, Hawaii Territory, circa 1908. Large ships in the background are USS West Virginia (Armored Cruiser No. 5), at left, and USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8). Note the "Carbon Velox" marking, identifying the type of Kodak photographic paper used.

Donation of Rear Admiral Ammen Farneholt, USN (Medical Corps), 1932.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 60326.

Naval Historical Center
Maryland"
acr0867
147k Card documenting the Maryland's 1910 Battle Practice Trophy. Paul Petosky

acr0861
3.1m News article about a boiler explosion in Maryland from the April 10, 1910 edition of the San Francisco Call. Michael Mohl

acr0866
3.7m News article about USS Maryland's gunners in the San Francisco "Call", 17 May 1910. Michael Mohl
Frederick
acr0849
172k Photo of the installation of cage mast aboard USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) at Mare Island on 1 October 1910. Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0851
97k Starboard side view of USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) in dry dock #2 at Mare Island circa 1910. A 6" gun is being installed with the assistance of the yard's 40 ton dry dock crane. Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0850
76k View of the USS Maryland's bridge with her new cage mast at Mare Island circa 1910. Darryl Baker
Frederick 24k Dressed with flags for a holiday, after being refitted with a "cage" foremast, 1910. Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 63761.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0845
78k In dry dock, with crewmen scraping barnacles off her hull in preparation for painting, circa 1911. Photographed by Rolla McDaniel. Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50364.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick 36k In drydock, with Sailors at work repainting the ship's underwater hull, circa 1911. Photographed by Rolla McDaniel (mis-spelled "Daniel" on the original print). Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50373.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0840
93k In drydock, with Sailors at work cleaning the port propeller and painting the ship's underwater hull, circa 1911. Photographed by Rolla McDaniel. Note the rudder at right. Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50369.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0846
79k In dry dock with her bottom cleaned and freshly painted, circa 1911. Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50363.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick 146k Starboard bow view at an unknown location, possibly from 1911. Thomas L. Jenkins
Frederick 105k Crew photo, possibly from 1911. Thomas L. Jenkins
Frederick
acr0841
92k Target kite being prepared for streaming from the ship's after deck, circa 1912. Another kite is lying on the deck, to the right. What appears to be a Colt machine gun is mounted on the hatch beyond, with several Sailors around it, probably preparing to shoot at the kite. Note the Marine standing by, with his hands in his pockets. Courtesy of Lloyd Harmon.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph NH 50366.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0853
64k

10" hole in bottom of USS Maryland made by Weymouth Torpedo 12' below the water line. Photo by R. McDaniel, San Pedro Harbor

New York Times article reporting the incident (PDF File).

New York Times article reporting the damage (PDF File).

Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0854
102k Divers at work locating the hole in USS Maryland made by Weymouth Torpedo. Photo by R. McDaniel, San Pedro Harbor Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0855
79k USS Maryland after being struck by Weymouth Torpedo. She is at a 6 degree list. Photo by R. McDaniel, San Pedro Harbor Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0856
75k View of the Dynamo (electrical generator) Room aboard USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) circa 1912. Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0847
72k At anchor, circa 1914. Courtesy of Donald M. McPherson.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 63760.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0828
58k Leaving San Diego Harbor, California, circa 1915. This photograph was printed on "AZO" postal card stock, bearing the mark of the Penny Arcade, 741 Fifth Street, San Diego, and the emblem of the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, 1915. Collection of Rear Admiral Sumner E.W. Kittelle, USN, who commanded Maryland in 1915. Donated by Admiral Charles J. Moore, USN, 1967.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 85712.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0852
137k USS Maryland (Armored Cruiser No. 8) departing Mare Island with six salvage pontoons built at the yard. The pontoons were on the way to Pearl Harbor for the salvage of the submarine F 4. Darryl Baker
Frederick
acr0872
255k Crewmembers from USS Frederick tow a practice torpedo with one of the ship's boats, sometime after November 1916. Michael Mohl
Frederick
acr0831
46k Frozen spray ice coats the ship's forward eight-inch guns, forecastle and superstructure after operations at sea, circa 1917.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50357.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0837
52k
With ice accumulated on the ship's forecastle after operations at sea, circa 1917.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50362.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0838
44k With ice accumulated on the ship's forward superstructure and life rafts, circa 1917.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50365.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0873
80k

An officer poses with ice accumulated on the ship's quarterdeck after operations at sea, circa 1917. U.S.

Naval Historical Center Photograph. Photo #NH 50359

Robert Hurst
Frederick
acr0874
343k

Armored cruiser USS Frederick (Armored Cruiser No. 8) crewmen chip away the accumulated ice, during the severe winter of 1917/18. At this time Frederick and three other armored cruisers were operating from Halifax, Nova Scotia, escorting British convoys across the Atlantic.

From: A History Of The Transport Service: Adventures And Experiences Of United States Transports And Cruisers In The World War.

Robert Hurst

Frederick
acr0875
484k

Foul weather gear, similar to that worn by the Frederick crew.

From: A History Of The Transport Service: Adventures And Experiences Of United States Transports And Cruisers In The World War.

Robert Hurst
Frederick
acr0839
102k At Montevideo, Uruguay, circa 1917-1918. Note the large crowd on the wharf and a second U.S. Navy armored cruiser astern of Frederick. Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1982.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 93874.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0829
54k Painted in Dazzle camouflage, circa 1918 or early 1919. Donation of the U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 91730.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick 126k Starboard View, 1919. Larry Bonn
Frederick 777k

The following 16 photos are high-resolution scans of postcards from the 1918-1919 era which are part of a collection from Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

USS Frederick in Drydock, probably Drydock #2 at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1919.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 827k

An accident at sea.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 796k

Smoker on the Frederick.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 779k

Ringside seat.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 927k

Abandon Ship.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 892k

The warmest day ever experienced on the Frederick, Aug. 1918.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 983k

USS Frederick in a storm.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 791k

"This Way Out"

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 906k From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson. Al Gummerson
Frederick 907k

All ready for the tug-of-war onboard the Frederick, Aug. 1918.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 876k

The Marines win from the Gunners Gang.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 851k

Lay Down Boys Bring Home The Bacon.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 699k

Band Concert on the Fo'c'sle.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 552k

14th of July - French National Day (Bastille Day), Note the French Tri-colors flying above the Ensign.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 823k

Norwegian Bark.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick 832k

The Cup Fight on the Fo'c'sle Aug. 1918.

From the collection of Seaman 2nd Class Ralph D Gummerson.

Al Gummerson
Frederick
acr0832
105k Docking at Hoboken, New Jersey, in 1919, with her decks and forward eight-inch gun turret crowded with World War I veterans she had brought home from Europe. The tug Catherine Moran is in the foreground.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0848
39k At Antwerp (Anvers), Belgium, circa mid-1920. Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 104158.

Naval Historical Center
Frederick
acr0857
187k USS Frederick (Armored Cruiser No. 8) (right) is moored alongside the battleship USS Rhode Island (BB 17) (left) at Mare Island in 1922. Both ships are decommissioned. Darryl Baker

Commanding Officers
Name/Rank Final Rank Dates
Ingersoll, Royal Rodney, CAPT RADM 04/18/1905 - 02/1907
Thomas, Chauncey, CAPT RADM 02/1907 -
Wood, Moses Lindley, CAPT COMO 1908 - 05/19/1909
Gillmore, James Clarkson, CAPT   05/19/1909
Ellicott, John Morris, CAPT   07/08/1911
Kavanagh, Arthur Glynn   08/30/1915
Cole, William Carey, CAPT RADM 04/10/1917 - 09/23/1917
Dayton, John Havens, CAPT VADM 09/23/1917 - 1918

(Courtesy of Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves - Photos courtesy of Bill Gonyo)


USS MARYLAND - FREDERICK (Armored Cruiser No. 8/CA 8) History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry on the U.S. Navy Historical Center website.

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable To This Ship

Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Cruiser Pages By Andrew Toppan.
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Last updated 11/16/2014