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Navsource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive


Ship's patches courtesy of Mike Smolinski

USS Cromwell (DE 1014)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign:
N - C - S - G
Tactical Voice Radio Call: "West Haven"

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
National Defense Service Medal - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal


"Protect - Detect - Deploy - Destroy"
Specifications:
Class: Dealey
Type: SCB No. 72 / 1952 - 53
Number in Class: 3
Displacement: 1,314 tons (light), 1,940 tons (full)
Length: 308' (wl), 314' 6" (oa)
Beam: 36' 0" (extreme)
Draft: 18' 10" (draft limit)
Propulsion: 2 Foster-Wheeler boilers; 1 De Laval geared turbine; 20,000 shp; 1 shaft
Speed: 27 kts
Range: 6,000 nm @ 12 knots
Complement: 12 / 161
Guns: 4 - 3"/50 (76mm) Mk33 Guns (2x2)
ASW Weapons: 1 Squid ASW mortar (none in DE 1015), 6 - 12.75" (324mm) Mk 32 torpedo tubes (2x3) / Mk 46 torpedos
Radars: AN/SPS-5 (surface), AN/SPS-6C (air)
Sonars: AN/SQS-4
Fire Control Systems: Mk63 Gun FCS, Mk105 Underwater Battery FCS
Cromwell (DE 1014) Building and Operational Data:
  • 03 August 1953: Keel laid at the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
  • 20 August 1954: Launched and christened, sponsored by Miss A. Cromwell
  • 24 November 1954: Commissioned, Lcdr E. J. Cummings, Jr., in command
  • 05 July 1972: Decommissioned and struck from the NVR
  • 15 June 1973: Scheduled for transfer to New Zealand, cancelled; Sold for scrapping
    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By And/Or Copyright
    Cromwell 85k John Philip Cromwell was born on 11 September 1901 in Henry, Illinois and appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy in 1920. He graduated in June 1924 and served initially in USS Maryland (BB 46). In 1926, he attended submarine school and was assigned to USS S-24 (SS 129) during 1927-29. He next had three year's diesel engineering instruction, followed by further tours of duty in submarines.

    Lieutenant Cromwell commanded USS S-20 (SS 125) in 1936-37, then served on the staff of Commander Submarine Division 4. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Commander in 1939 and spent two years at the Bureau of Engineering and Bureau of Ships. In May 1941, he became Engineer Officer for the Pacific Fleet submarine force. During 1942-43, he commanded Submarine Divisions 203, 44 and 43.

    Following promotion to Captain, he went to sea in USS Sculpin (SS 191) as prospective commander of a mid-Pacific submarine wolf pack. While attacking a Japanese convoy on 19 November 1943, Sculpin was forced to the surface, fatally damaged in a gun battle and abandoned by her surviving crew members. Captain Cromwell, who knew secret details of the impending operation to capture the Gilbert Islands, deliberately remained on board as she sank. For his sacrificial heroism in preventing the enemy from obtaining this information, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

    USS Cromwell (DE 1014) (1954-1972) was the first ship named in his honor.      (US Navy photo #NH51733 from the Naval History and Heritage Command)
    Navsource
    Cromwell 120k undated -
    Cromwell 119k An undated postcard view of Cromwell.    (Postcard #37918-C © Arnold Art Store, Newport, R.I.; shown at 150% of original size)

    Caption reads: Named for Captain John Philip Cromwell. When his World War II submarine was scuttled, to prevent capture he remained on board rather than risk capture and endanger security of invasion plans. U.S.S. Cromwell, commissioned in 1954, is a 1280 ton destroyer type ship with a crew of 170. She served in the eastern Med during the Lebanon crisis in 1958.
    Mike Smolinski
    Cromwell 70k April 1961: Boston Harbor (Photo © Richard Leonhardt) Richard Leonhardt
    J.A. Furer 202k undated: Newport, R.I. - Postcard view of Pier 1. USS Julius A. Furer (DEG 6) and USS Voge (DE 1047) are alongside USS Yosemite (AD 19). USS Dealey (DE 1006), Cromwell, and USS Compton (DD 705) are behind them nested alongside another tender. (Photo © The John Twomey Distributing Co., Newport, R.I.) Mike Smolinski
    Cromwell 139k 1967: Newport, R.I. - Taken from Cromwell's bow, looking aft. She was moored outboard of Dealey (DE 1006) at the time. Jerry Taylor
    BM3, 1966-68
    Cromwell 185k late 1960's: Naples Harbor, Italy (this photo was given to me by a shipmate from that time period, Lcdr John Foissett) F. J. McLaughlin
    Lcdr, USN (ret.)

    Cromwell Memorabilia
    Matchbook Cover
    Cromwell
    Courtesy of
    Mike Smolinski
    Ship's Plaque
    Cromwell
    Courtesy of
    Mike Smolinski
    Ship's Plaque
    Cromwell
    Courtesy of
    Mike Smolinski

    The USS Cromwell (DE 1014) DANFS history entry
    located on the Naval History and Heritage Command web site.
    Cromwell's Commanding Officers
    Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves
    Dates of Command Commanding Officers
    1.)  24 Nov. 1954 - 1956Lcdr. Edward Joseph Cummings, Jr.
    2.)  1956 - 1958Lcdr. David Andre Webster (ret. as Radm.)
    3.)  1958 - Oct. 1959Lcdr. Albert L. Moore
    4.)  Oct. 1959 - Aug. 1961Lcdr. Herbert Herman Niehaus
    5.)  Aug. 1961 - Jul. 1963Lcdr. Roy Francis Hoffmann (ret. as Radm.)
    6.)  Jul. 1963 - 06 Apr. 1965Cdr. Alvin Deon Branch
    7.)  06 Apr. 1965 - Jul. 1966Cdr. Charles Scudder Bird
    8.)  Jul 1966 - 1967Lcdr. James A. Major
    9.)  1967 - 1968Lcdr. Edward Courtland Snyder, Jr.
    10.) 1968 - 1970Lcdr. David M. Foss
    11.) 1970 - 05 Jul. 1972Lcdr. Peter J. Mermagen

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information

    2014 Reunion for all Newport Based Dealeys, CortRon 8, 10, 14
    5 - 8 September 2014 at Boston, Mass.
    Chairman: Marc Arsenault
    Address: 98 Oxbow Road / Charlton MA 01507
    Phone: (508) 248-5072
    E-mail: marc-a@charter.net
    or
    contact through Newport Dealey link below

    Note About Contacts

    Contact information is compiled from various sources over a period of time and may, or may not, be correct. Every effort has been
    made to list the newest contact. However, our entry is only as good as the latest information that's been sent to us. We list only
    a contact for the ship if one has been sent to us. We do NOT have crew lists or rosters available. Please see the Frequently Asked
    Questions section on Navsource's Main Page for that information.


    Additional Resources

    Home of the Newport Dealeys
    Destroyer Escort Sailors Association
    The Destroyer History Foundation
    Tin Can Sailors Shipmate Registry - USS Cromwell
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    This Page Created And Maintained by Mike Smolinski
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    by Paul R. Yarnall, All Rights Reserved.
    Page Last Updated 6 January 2014