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NavSource Online: Aircraft Carrier Photo Archive

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30)
Courtesy of Don McGrogan, BMCS(SW) (Ret.)

USS SAN JACINTO   (CVL-30)
(later AVT-5)


CLASS - INDEPENDENCE
Displacement 11,000 Tons, Dimensions, 622' 6" (oa) x 71' 6" x 26' (Max)
Armament 24 x 40mm, 22 x 20mm AA, 30 Aircraft.
Armor, 5" Belt, 2" Decks, 1/2" Conning Tower.
Machinery, 100,000 SHP; G.E. Geared Turbines, 4 screws
Speed, 31.5 Knots, Crew 1569.

Operational and Building Data

Ordered as the Cleveland-class light cruiser Newark (CL-100). Built by New York Shipbuilding. Reordered as carrier, renamed Reprisal and redesignated CV-30 2 June 1942; laid down 26 Oct 1942; renamed San Jacinto 6 June 1943; redesignated CVL-30 15 July 1943; launched 29 Sept 1943, commissioned 15 Dec 1943.
FATE
Redesignated CVL 30 15 July 1943. Served with the Carrier TF during WWII. Decommissioned to reserve 1 March 1947. Redesignated as aviation transport (AVT 5) 5/59 while in reserve. Stricken for disposal 1 June 1970 and subsequently scrapped.


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Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
Construction
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023016
190k

CVL-30 was named for the Battle of the San Jacinto River, fought on April 21, 1836 the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the outnumbered Texas Army engaged and defeated Mexican forces led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes, in present-day Harris County, Texas.

"The Battle of San Jacinto," painting by Henry Arthur McArdle (1895.) Prints and Photographs Collection, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Image courtesy of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023004
122k

San Jacinto sliding down the building ways at the New York Shipbuilding Corp. yard, Camden, New Jersey, after she was christened by Mrs. Jesse H. Jones, 26 September 1943.

NS023004: Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-44590).

NS023004c: Information on back of photo:
"CVL-30-17-44 U.S.S. SAN JACINTO
DATE 18 JAN 1944 [(!)]
SUBJECT Launching Ceremonies"
Official Photograph, U.S. Navy.

Handwritten note reads: "Hairy Pennington & Capt. Martin / Launching USS San Jacinto 9-26-43"

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023004a
90k Courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023004b
142k Mr. Billy G. Sullivan
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023004c
150k
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023024
95k

Information on back of photo:
"CVL-30   23   U.S.S. SAN JACINTO
DATE 18 JAN 1944 [(!)]
SUBJECT Piping First Watch"

Official Photograph, U.S. Navy.

San Jacinto was commissioned on 15 December 1943.

Mr. Billy G. Sullivan
World War 2

NS023012
72k USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) off the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, on 17 January 1944. She is painted in camouflage Measure 33, Design 7A; colors are pale gray, haze gray and navy blue, plus white under the overhangs and recesses. (Thanks to Robert Hurst, who provided additional info).

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 43506).

NHC

NS023012a
141k USS San Jacinto (CVL-30), aerial view, low altitude, bow. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pa., 17 January 1944. Photo serial # 109-44.

Pieter Bakels

NS023012b
133k USS San Jacinto (CVL-30), aerial view, high altitude, off the port bow. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pa., 17 January 1944. Photo serial # 113-44.

David Buell

NS023012c
123k USS San Jacinto leaves the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 17 January 1944. The four portside masts supported radio antennas and were folded outboard during flight operations. The blistered hull was carried outboard of the straight-sided hangar (note the narrow flat deck area showing amidships). The flat hangar deck was built up above the original sheer of her cruiser hull. USN

NS023012d
66k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) putting out to sea from the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 17 January 1944. She is wearing Measure 33, Design 7A camouflage scheme.

U.S. Navy photo from from Naval Camouflage 1914–1945, A Complete Visual Reference, by David Williams.

Robert Hurst

NS023012e
108k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30), air view, low altitude, off port quarter. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pa., 17 January 1944. Photo serial # 117-44.

Pieter Bakels
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023002
104k Starboard bow view of USS San Jacinto at anchor, January 22, 1944. Two Avengers are spotted on the forward flight deck. An aircraft handling crane was mounted immediately forward of the island. Note that her hull number is painted a dark color (navy blue?) against the pale gray of her Ms. 33/7A camouflage. USN
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023001
125k Starboard side view (22 January 1944?). Good view of the stack layout on this class. USN
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023005
128k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) underway off the U.S. east coast (position 36 55'N, 75 07'W) on 23 January 1944, with an SNJ training plane parked on her flight deck. Photographed from a Squadron ZP-14 blimp. The ship is painted in camouflage Measure 33, Design 7A.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-212798). BuAer photo # 212798.

Scott Dyben
Larger copy submitted by Ed Zajkowski
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023006
112k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) underway off the U.S. east coast (position 36 55'N, 75 07'W) on 23 January 1944, with an SNJ training plane parked on her flight deck. Photographed from a Squadron ZP-14 blimp. Note destroyer steaming astern of the carrier.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-212799).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023022
399k

Official U.S. Navy photo of USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) underway, 1944.

David Buell
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023007
83k

Lieutenant Commander Albert B. Cahn gives the "Take-off" signal to a TBM-1C "Avenger" of Torpedo Squadron 51, during exercises on 16 May 1944.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-238772).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023008
95k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) —right foreground— steaming in formation with USS Lexington (CV-16) and a DD-348 class destroyer, during pre-invasion operations in the Marianas area, 13 June 1944. Both carriers belonged to Task Group 58.3.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-238786).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023018
170k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30), arrangement of antennas on masts, 19 June 1944.

Pieter Bakels
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023009
72k

TBM-1C "Avenger", of Torpedo Squadron 51 (VT-51), takes off from USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) for a raid on Guam, 28 June 1944. The catapult operator is at right.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-238783).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023010
119k

Portrait montage of squadron officers of VT-51 and senior officers of its parent carrier, USS San Jacinto, circa mid-1944. The ship's Commanding Officer, Captain Harold M. Martin, is seen in the upper left. Officer second from right, second row from bottom, is George H.W. Bush, who was President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

Officers seen in this view include (based on names given on photo, plus consultation with 1944 Navy and Naval Reserve Registers):

Top row, left to right:

Captain Harold M. Martin, ship's Commanding Officer; Commander Henry H. Hale, USN, and Lieutenant Commander Albert B. Cahn, USNR.

Second row, left to right:

Lieutenant Commander Donald J. Melvin, USNR, Commanding VT-51; Lieutenant Legare R. Hole, USNR; Lieutenant Martin E. Kilpatrick, USNR; Lieutenant Forrest H. Daniels, USNR; Lieutenant (Junior Grade) William G. White, USNR; and Lieutenant (Junior Grade) R.G.(Richard B.?) Plaisted, USNR.

Third row, left to right:

Ensign Douglas H. West, USNR; Ensign Howard G. Boren, Jr., USNR; Ensign Francis M. Waters, USNR; Ensign Louis J. Grab, USNR; Ensign George H.W. Bush, USNR; and Ensign Jack O. Guy, USNR.

Bottom row, left to right:

Ensign Stanley P. Butchart, USNR; Ensign Milton G. Moore., USNR; Lieutenant Roland R. Houle, USNR; Ensign John J. Raquepau, USNR; Ensign Carl H. Woie, USNR; and Ensign William M. McCarter, USNR.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-265727).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023011
69k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) rolling heavily and pitching in rough seas, while en route to raid Okinawa with Task Force 58, 6 October 1944. TBM Avenger torpedo planes of Torpedo Squadron 51 are parked at right, with landing gear well-lashed to the deck. Note "palisade" wind-break in elevated position across the flight deck, forward of the planes.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-284859).

Scott Dyben
CVL-30 San Jacinto
NS023015
98k

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) rolling heavily, October 1944.

National Archives, College Park, Maryland, via Dwayne Day

NS023013
95k Battle off Cape Engaño, 25 October 1944 — Arming a Torpedo Squadron 51 (VT-51) TBM torpedo bomber on USS San Jacinto (CVL-30). Probably taken before the squadron's planes attacked the Japanese carrier force. Torpedo is a Mark 13, fitted with wooden water-entry shrouds around its nose and tail.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (# 80-G-284708).

NHC

NS023014
106k Battle off Cape Engaño, 25 October 1944 — Pilots of Torpedo Squadron 51 return to USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) after attacking the Japanese carrier force. One of VT-51's TBM torpedo planes is in the background.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (# 80-G-284707).

NHC

NS023020
290k

Air Group 49 (Fighting 49 [VF-49] and Torpedo 49 [VT-49]) operated from USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) between May and August 1945. Ship and Air Group were jointly awarded a Presidential Unit Citation.

Jeffrey P. Oves, grandson of LT John H. Livingston, XO of VT-49

NS023020a
213k

NS023020b
33k

Harold F. Willeford, AMM2/c (left) and Harold T. Furstenberg, ARM3/c (same picture used for Squadron photo).

Nina Willeford Campbell, daughter of Harold F. Willeford

NS023020c
34k

ARM3/c H.T. Furstenberg (left), ENS C.F. Millburn (center), and AMM2/c H.F. Willeford.


NS023020d
29k

AMM2/c H.F. Willeford and ARM3/c H.T. Furstenberg.

CV-3, CV-6, CV-12 and CVL-30
NS020632
116k

Naval Air Station, Alameda, California — Four aircraft carriers docked at the Air Station's piers, circa mid-September 1945. The ships are (from front to back): USS Saratoga (CV-3), USS Enterprise (CV-6), USS Hornet (CV-12) and USS San Jacinto (CVL-30). Note PBY amphibians parked at the far left.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-701512).

Note that four, out of five, classes of fast Aircraft Carriers that fought in the Pacific (only the one-ship class Wasp is missing) are represented in this photograph.

NHC
'Mothball' Fleet
NS023021
110k

Picture of the Pacific Reserve Fleet at San Diego, California, in July 1969. The crowded docks play host to a who's who of WW II and later warships including the Korean War veteran Philippine Sea (AVT-11, formerly CV-47, CVA-47 and CVS-47), lower left; and San Jacinto (AVT-5, formerly CVL-30), left center. Moored next to San Jacinto are the light cruisers Amsterdam (CL-101) and USS Astoria (CL-90).

Photo from the Larry Cote collection.

Robert Hurst
Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com
The Crew
Papers of John Henry Craig
NS023023
11M

Photo and papers of John Henry Craig, Electrician's Mate First Class USNR V-6.

(Partial) Muster Rolls, 15 December 1943 and 27 June 1944; Honorable Discharge Certificate.

Mr. Billy G. Sullivan, great grandson of John Henry Craig
Memorabilia
VT-49, CVL-30
NS023026
115k

Merry Xmas, Happy New Year, Torpedo Squadron Forty Nine

Jeffrey P. Oves, grandson of LT John H. Livingston, XO of VT-49
Can You Help Us?
Can You Help Us?
NS023017
191k

Cornelius M. Shanahan, "Mike," USMC, served aboard USS San Jacinto December 7, 1943–September 15, 1945. "Mike" is in the center of this photo, with two friends. Can you identify them? Please contact us, Mike's family would love to hear from you.

Joe Berkle identifies the man on the right as PFC Kahl "Charles" Berkle, his late father (he signed his last name "Berkle" on the photo; he was a 40mm gunner, Marine attachment).

Timothy D. Shanahan, proud son of "Mike" Shanahan
Can You Help Us?
NS023025
715k

The man in the center with his arm around the woman is John Henry Craig. The other men might be from USS San Jacinto (CVL-30). If anyone knows who the other men are or where they might be please contact us.

Mr. Billy G. Sullivan, great grandson of John Henry Craig

USS SAN JACINTO CVL-30 History (Ex- NEWARK CL-100)
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

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Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official U.S. Navy Carrier Website

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Last update: 8 February 2014