Please Report Any Broken Links Or Trouble You Might Come Across To The Webmaster
Please Take A Moment To Let Us Know So That We Can Correct Any Problems And Make Your Visit As Enjoyable And As Informative As Possible.


NavSource Online: Cruiser Photo Archive

USS DETROIT (CL 8)


       
Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign: November - India - Sierra - Papa

CLASS - OMAHA
Displacement 7,050 Tons, Dimensions, 555' 6" (oa) x 55' 4" x 20' (Max)
Armament 12 x 6"/53, 2 x 3"/50AA, 10 x 21" tt.
Armor, 3" Belt, 1 1/2" Deck, 1 1/2 Conning Tower.
Machinery, 90,000 SHP; Geared Turbines, 4 screws
Speed, 35 Knots, Crew 458.
Operational and Building Data
Keel laid at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, MA
Launched on 29 JUN 1922
Commissioned 31 JUL 1923
Decommissioned 11 JAN 1946
Stricken 21 JAN 1946
Fate: Sold for scrap 27 FEB 1946.

Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
Detroit 37k Early war image, Post Pearl Harbor repairs. USN
Detroit 120k Undated, pre war image. USN
Detroit 102k Undated late war image, showing her in her final configuration. USN
Detroit 82k Undated, Starboard Bow image. Tom Kermen
Detroit
0400822
71k

Starboard quarter view, 1944, location unknown.

U.S. Navy photo

David Buell
Detroit 73k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Launching, at the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, 29 June 1922. Courtesy of Ted Stone, 1981.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 92817.

USNHC
Detroit 53k

USS Detroit (CL 8) At Venice, Italy, 11 November 1923, dressed with flags in honor of King Victor Emanuel's birthday.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 54508.

USNHC
Detroit
0400835
111k Off San Diego, CA, 26 September 1931. Ron Reeves
Detroit 82k Balboa Harbor, Panama Canal Zone - Aerial photograph taken 23 April 1934, with U.S. Fleet cruisers and destroyers moored together. Ships present include (left to right in lower left):
USS Elliot (DD 146);
USS Roper (DD 147);
USS Hale (DD 133);
USS Dorsey (DD 117);
USS Lea (DD 118);
USS Rathburne (DD 113);
USS Talbot (DD 114);
USS Waters (DD 115);
USS Dent (DD 116);
USS Aaron Ward (DD 132);
USS Buchanan (DD 131);
USS Crowninshield (DD 134);
USS Preble (DD 345); and
USS William B. Preston (DD 344).

(left to right in center):
USS Yarnall (DD 143);
USS Sands (DD 243);
USS Lawrence (DD 250);
(unidentified destroyer);
USS Detroit (CL 8), Flagship, Destroyers Battle Force;
USS Fox (DD 234);
USS Greer (DD 145);
USS Barney (DD 149);
USS Tarbell (DD 142); and

USS Chicago (CA-29), Flagship, Cruisers Scouting Force.

(left to right across the top):
USS Southard (DD 207);
USS Chandler (DD 206);
USS Farenholt (DD 332);
USS Perry (DD 340);
USS Wasmuth (DD 338);
USS Trever (DD 339);
USS Melville (AD 2);
USS Truxtun (DD 229);
USS McCormick (DD 223);
USS MacLeish (DD 220);
USS Simpson (DD 221);
USS Hovey (DD 208);
USS Long (DD 209);
USS Litchfield (DD 336);

USS Tracy (DD 214);
USS Dahlgren (DD 187);
USS Medusa (AR 1);
USS Raleigh (CL 7), Flagship, Destroyers Scouting Force;
USS Pruitt (DD 347); and
USS J. Fred Talbott (DD 156);
USS Dallas (DD 199);

(four unidentified destroyers);
and
USS Indianapolis (CA 35), Flagship, Cruisers Scouting Force.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
National Archives/Scott Dyben
Detroit 110k Starboard Quarter view in transit through what appars to be the Gaillard Cut. From the collection of Gerald M. Charpentier of New Orleans, LA. Donated by his niece, Elaine C. Witty-Charpentier. Elaine C. Witty-Charpentier.
Detroit 81k

USS Detroit (CL 8) In the harbor at San Diego, California, 10 January 1935. Donation of Franklin Moran, 1967.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 64610.

USNHC
Detroit
0400827
2.1m Front of the 1937 Christmas dinner menu. This item folds into a card. From the collection of Joseph Ozga. Fred Ozga
Detroit
0400826
2.4m Back of the 1937 Christmas dinner menu - Ships Roster. From the collection of Joseph Ozga. Fred Ozga
Detroit
0400829
1.2m Front of the 1938 Christmas dinner menu. This item folds into a card. From the collection of Joseph Ozga. Fred Ozga
Detroit
0400828
1.9m Back of the 1938 Christmas dinner menu - Ships Roster. From the collection of Joseph Ozga. Fred Ozga
Detroit
0400825
972k A freshly painted USS Detroit (CL 8), February 1939 in Drydock, Balboa, Panama Canal Zone. From the collection of Joseph Ozga. Fred Ozga
Detroit 101k

Pearl Harbor Raid, December 1941 - Photograph of the western side of Ford Island and ships in moorings offshore, taken from a Japanese Navy plane during the attack. Ships are (from left to right):

USS Detroit (CL 8); USS Raleigh (CL 7), listing to port after being hit by one torpedo; USS Utah (AG 16), capsized after being hit by two torpedoes; and USS Tangier (AV 8).

Japanese writing in the lower left states that the photograph's reproduction was authorized by the Navy Ministry.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 50933.

USNHC
Detroit 94k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Plan view of the ship's forward superstructure and bow area, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 18 February 1942. Note Detroit's tripod foremast, signal flag bins and 6"/53 guns in casemate mounts.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-28442.

National Archives
Detroit 141k

USS Detroit (CL 8) At the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, on 15 August 1942. Note her anchor, anchor gear and 6"/53 guns. Circles mark recent alterations to the ship. USS Preston (DD 379) is in the left background and YF-380 is in the far center distance. See Photo # 19-N-33052 (cropped) for a closer view of those two vessels, cropped from this image.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-33052.

National Archives
Detroit 142k

USS Detroit (CL 8) At the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 15 August 1942. Note her after 6"/53 guns and men lounging on the fantail. Circles mark recent alterations to the ship. Destroyers in the background include USS Preston (DD 379), at right, and USS Conyngham (DD 371), at left. On the far side of the pier from them are USS Caldwell (DD 605), in the far center distance beyond Preston's bow, and USS Walke (DD 416), at left beyond Conyngham. YOS-1 is in the far right distance.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-33050.

National Archives
Detroit 80k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 16 August 1942.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-33047.

National Archives
Detroit
0400821
223k

USS Detroit (CL 8) departing Mare Island on 16 August 1942. She was under going repairs at the yard from 4 July to 16 August 1942.

Navy Photo #4864-8-42

Darryl Baker
Detroit
0400824
942k

An OS2U-3 Kingfisher of Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS 1) is catapulted off the cruiser USS Detroit (CL 8) during operations in the Aleutians. The aircraft is flown by LT Steve Corneliussen with Petty Officer Paul Proffer in the rear seat. Note the vertical white identifier stripe on the tail of the aircraft.

Photo courtesy of the National Naval Aviation Museum

Bill Gonyo
Detroit
0400830
243k 1943 photo of the USS Raleigh (CL 7) astern of the USS Detroit (CL 8). The Detroit is catapulting one of her Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS1) OS2U-3 planes. The Raleigh has just launched a OS2U-1 scouting plane just prior to this photo and her port catapult is still extended in launch position.

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo #1999.298.010

Mike Green
Detroit
0400832
186k The USS Detroit (CL 8), operating in the Aleutian Islands in 1943, is seen over the left wing of an OS2U-3 Kingfisher. The Kingfisher is part of Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS-1).

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1999.298.009

Mike Green
Detroit
0400834
156k An OS2U-3 Kingfisher piloted by LT Steve T. Corneliussen lands in the slick created by USS Detroit (CL 8) in 1943 during the Aleutian Island campaign. The aircraft was assigned to the ship as part of Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS-1).

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1999.298.006

Mike Green
Detroit
0400831
195k 1943 photo of the USS Detroit (CL 8) retrieving an aircraft of Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS1). The plane, piloted by Lt Steve Corneliussen, has been snagged by the sea sled and is in position to be hoisted back aboard the Detroit.

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1999.298.008

Mike Green
Detroit
0400833
274k An OS2U-3, part of Cruiser Scouting Squadron One (VCS-1), alongside the USS Detroit (CL 8) in 1943 during the Aleutian Island operations in 1943.

US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1999.298.005

Mike Green
Detroit 96k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Off Port Angeles, Washington, 22 March 1943.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-42678.

National Archives
Detroit 65k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Off the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, 11 April 1944. Her camouflage is Design 3d in the Measure 31-32-33 series.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-63759.

National Archives
Detroit 96k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Off Port Angeles, Washington, 14 April 1944. Her camouflage is Design 3d in the Measure 31-32-33 series.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives #19-N-63828.

National Archives
Detroit 64k

USS Detroit (CL 8) Off San Francisco, California, following overhaul, 10 January 1945. Circles mark recent alterations to the ship.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH 45695.

USNHC
Detroit 116k Final refit photo of the Detroit at San Francisco Navy Yard on January 10, 1945. USN
Detroit
0400836
689k Starboard quarter view on 11` January 1945 with indications of alterations performed at San Francisco, CA. David Buell
Detroit
0400823
26k I was assigned to USS Detroit in January 1944 at Bremerton, WA and was aboard her till she was decommissioned in Philadelphia. After the surrender ceremonies in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945, we went to Pearl Harbor, via Midway, and spent Navy Day tied up there, We had about ten thousand visitors aboard that day, probably on account that the Detroit was a survivor of the attack on December 7, 1941. We left Pearl Harbor and headed for Philadelphia to be decommissioned. On the way, we stopped at Terminal Island, San Pedro, CA to drop off passengers. Here is a picture that my brother-in-law took of the Detroit tied up at Terminal Island. No one but me and another sailor off the Detroit has seen this picture. Howie Johnson
Detroit
0400822
  Battleships in dry-dock; Tennessee (BB 43) & California (BB 44) taken between 8 May and 27 October 1946.
This photo comes from the U.S.Naval Institute and has an accompanying photocopy identifying all of the surrounding ships.
It does identify the two cruisers as Detroit (CL 8) (inboard) and Trenton (CL 11) (outboard). It also identifies two returned U.K. DEs: HMS Rupert (DE 96) outboard of Olympia (ex-C 6) (IX 40), and HMS Berry (DE 3) ahead of the cruisers, and visible in the California's photo (it's still wearing its British hull #--K312).
The Naval Institute photo was taken at a later date, as more of the "packaging" on the two battleships had been completed.
According to Tennessee's deck logs, she entered Drydock #5 with California on 8 May 1946.
South Dakota (BB 57) (mid-stern section visible at upper left of photo) subsequently entered Drydock #4--the 1946 "Navy Day" program from the shipyard indicates that this had taken place by 27th October of that year.

The four CLs that were scrapped in Drydock #4 at the Philadelphia NSY were: Omaha (CL 4), Cincinnati (CL 6), Raleigh (CL 7) and Marblehead (CL 12).
I have two documents from the 4th Naval District, and of course they give different completion dates for the scrapping of these ships. The first document (dated 1 Apr 46) indicates that scrapping was completed on 27 February of that year; the second document (also dated 1 April 46) gives the completion date as 10 March 1946.
(My notes also indicate that scrapping was completed at the yard on nine ex-destroyer types as of 29 March 46: Litchfield (DD 336), Pruitt (DD 347), Jouett (DD 396), Clark (DD 361), Balch (DD 363), Sampson(DD 394), Schley (DD 103), Stringham (DD 83) and Whipple (DD 217).

The remaining CLs; Detroit (CL 8), Trenton (CL 11), Richmond (CL 9), Concord (CL 10) and Memphis (CL 13) were all sold to the Patapsco Scrap Co. of Baltimore. The sales bid (B-76-47AV T) was opened on 6 Dec 46; the five ships were sold for $336,140 (or $67,228 each), and custody of the ships was transferred to Patapsco between 27 December 46 and 21 January 47.
Note also that the attached photo distinctly shows that both cruisers have all four funnels--I think it's an optical illusion that either of these had had any of them removed.

The "light colored objects" in front of the two cruisers might "possibly" be barbettes from the Illinois (BB 65). According to drawings in the 1945 "Gun Mount and Turret Catalog", these two items appear to be about the same diameter as the barbettes for the two BBs' Tennessee & California; 14"/50 triple gun turrets; inside diameter 31 feet, from the same source -- outside diameter would have been about 33 feet. The Illinois barbettes would have an inside diameter about 37 1/4 feet, outside diameter rather over 39 feet.

USN photo submitted by Joe Lewis, courtesy of U.S.Naval Institute. Majority text by Joe Lewis.
Chuck Haberlein contributed to the (BB-65) i.d. with text. Photo added 08/07/07.

Commanding Officers
Name/Rank Final Rank Dates
Halligan Jr., John, CAPT RADM 07/31/1923 -
Hunt, Walter Merrill, CAPT   12/11/1925 - 97/05/1926
Bryant, Samuel Woods, CAPT RADM 07/05/1926 - 07/11/1928
White, Richard Drake, CAPT   07/11/1928 -
Post, Nathan Woodworth, CAPT   06/15/1931 - 06/03/1933
Brainard, Roland Munroe, CAPT VADM 06/03/1933 - 12/19/1934
Ravenscroft, George Mastick, CAPT   12/19/1934 - 06/08/1936
Clement, Samuel Averett, CAPT   06/08/1936 - 01/07/1938
Hustvedt, Olaf Mandt, CAPT VADM

01/07/1938 - 05/31/1938

Weyler, George Lester, CAPT   05/31/1938 - 07/15/1940
Pickhardt, Adolf von Scheven, CAPT COMO 07/15/1940 - 12/25/1940
Wiltsie, Lloyd Jerome, CAPT RADM 12/25/1940 - 04/1942
Geiselman, Ellis Hugh, CAPT   04/1942 - 10/19/1943
Sickel IV, Horatio Gates, CAPT   10/19/1943 - 07/22/1944
Curry Jr., Duncan, CAPT   07/22/1944 - 07/20/1945
Graves Jr., Edwin Darius, CAPT   07/20/1945 - 06/11/1946

(Courtesy of Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves - Photos courtesy of Bill Gonyo)


USS DETROIT (CL 8) History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry on the U.S. Navy Historical Center website.

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Mr. Sam Fryefield
Address:
Phone: 541-683-1097
E-mail: samfrye@comcast.net


Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.


Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Cruiser Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Pearl Harbor Attack - USS Detroit Action Report from the Naval Historical Center.

Back To The Main Photo Index Back To The Cruiser Photo Index Page

Comments, Suggestions, E-mail Webmaster

This Page Was Created By Paul R. Yarnall And Maintained By Tom Bateman
All Pages Copyright © 1996 - 2014 NavSource Naval History. All Rights Reserved.
Last updated 03/23/2014